Constable Con"sta*ble (k[o^]n"st[.a]*b'l or k[u^]n"st[.a]*b'l), n. [OE. conestable, constable, a constable (in sense 1), OF. conestable, F. conn['e]table, LL. conestabulus, constabularius, comes stabuli, orig., count of the stable, master of the horse, equerry; comes count (L. companion) + L. stabulum stable. See {Count} a nobleman, and {Stable}.] 1. A high officer in the monarchical establishments of the Middle Ages. [1913 Webster]

Note: The constable of France was the first officer of the crown, and had the chief command of the army. It was also his duty to regulate all matters of chivalry. The office was suppressed in 1627. The constable, or lord high constable, of England, was one of the highest officers of the crown, commander in chief of the forces, and keeper of the peace of the nation. He also had judicial cognizance of many important matters. The office was as early as the Conquest, but has been disused (except on great and solemn occasions), since the attainder of Stafford, duke of Buckingham, in the reign of Henry VIII. [1913 Webster]

2. (Law) An officer of the peace having power as a conservator of the public peace, and bound to execute the warrants of judicial officers. --Bouvier. [1913 Webster]

Note: In England, at the present time, the constable is a conservator of the peace within his district, and is also charged by various statutes with other duties, such as serving summons, precepts, warrants, etc. In the United States, constables are town or city officers of the peace, with powers similar to those of the constables of England. In addition to their duties as conservators of the peace, they are invested with others by statute, such as to execute civil as well as criminal process in certain cases, to attend courts, keep juries, etc. In some cities, there are officers called {high constables}, who act as chiefs of the constabulary or police force. In other cities the title of constable, as well as the office, is merged in that of the police officer. [1913 Webster]

{High constable}, a constable having certain duties and powers within a hundred. [Eng.]

{Petty constable}, a conservator of the peace within a parish or tithing; a tithingman. [Eng.]

{Special constable}, a person appointed to act as constable of special occasions.

{To} {overrun the constable}, or {outrun the constable}, to spend more than one's income; to get into debt. [Colloq.] --Smollett. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • constable — [ kɔ̃stabl ] n. m. • 1765; mot angl., de l a. fr. conestable → connétable ♦ Dans les pays anglo saxons, Officier de police; sergent de ville. ● constable nom masculin (anglais constable, de l ancien français conestable, connétable) En Grande… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • constable — con·sta·ble / kän stə bəl, kən / n [Old French conestable military commander, chief of the royal household, from Late Latin comes stabuli, literally, officer of the stable]: a public officer usu. of a town or township responsible for keeping the… …   Law dictionary

  • Constable — steht für: Konstabler, einen Titel Constable ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Emma Constable (* 1975), englische Badmintonspielerin John Constable (1776–1837), englischer Maler Mark Constable (* 1976), englischer Badmintonspieler Henry… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • constable — (del lat. «constabĭlis»; ant.) adj. Constante. * * * constable. (Del lat. constabĭlis). adj. ant. Que tiene constancia1 …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • constable — c.1200, chief household officer, justice of the peace, from O.Fr. conestable (12c., Mod.Fr. connétable), steward, governor, principal officer of the Frankish king s household, from L.L. comes stabuli, lit. count of the stable (established by… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Constable — (spr. Konstäbl), Buchhändler in Edinburg, einer der größten in Großbritannien, Verleger W. Scotts u. vieler anderer ausgezeichneter Schriftsteller, zog durch seinen Fall 1826 (2,800,000 Thlr. Masse) den W. Scotts nach sich; st. einige Jahre… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Constable — (engl., spr. kónnstäbbl), Polizist, ursprünglich eine vom franz. Konnetabel (s.d.) entlehnte Benennung hoher Beamten in England. Der Lord High C. hatte den Vorsitz bei Angelegenheiten der Ritterschaft; seine Würde erlosch 1521 unter Heinrich VIII …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Constable — Constable, John (1776 1837) a British painter famous for his paintings and drawings of the ↑Suffolk countryside, especially The Haywain …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • constable — (izg. kònstebl) m DEFINICIJA pov. 1. glavni upravitelj srednjovjekovnog kraljevskog dvora 2. upravitelj tvrđave ili dvorca 3. stražar, od sredine 19. st. policajac ETIMOLOGIJA engl., v. connetable …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Constable — (izg. kònstebl), John (1776 1837) DEFINICIJA engleski slikar koji uz J. M. W. Turnera dominira engleskim pejzažnim slikarstvom 19. st.; poznat je po preciznim i vjernim prikazima engleskih krajobraza; kasnije njegov stil postaje slobodniji i… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”