Consonant
Consonant Con"so*nant, n. [L. consonans, -antis.] An articulate sound which in utterance is usually combined and sounded with an open sound called a vowel; a member of the spoken alphabet other than a vowel; also, a letter or character representing such a sound. [1913 Webster]

Note: Consonants are divided into various classes, as mutes, spirants, sibilants, nasals, semivowels, etc. All of them are sounds uttered through a closer position of the organs than that of a vowel proper, although the most open of them, as the semivowels and nasals, are capable of being used as if vowels, and forming syllables with other closer consonants, as in the English feeble (-b'l), taken (-k'n). All the consonants excepting the mutes may be indefinitely, prolonged in utterance without the help of a vowel, and even the mutes may be produced with an aspirate instead of a vocal explosion. Vowels and consonants may be regarded as the two poles in the scale of sounds produced by gradual approximation of the organ, of speech from the most open to the closest positions, the vowel being more open, the consonant closer; but there is a territory between them where the sounds produced partake of the qualities of both. [1913 Webster]

Note: ``A consonant is the result of audible friction, squeezing, or stopping of the breath in some part of the mouth (or occasionally of the throath.) The main distinction between vowels and consonants is, that while in the former the mouth configuration merely modifies the vocalized breath, which is therefore an essential element of the vowels, in consonants the narrowing or stopping of the oral passage is the foundation of the sound, and the state of the glottis is something secondary.'' --H. Sweet. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Synonyms:

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  • consonant — CONSONÁNT, Ă, consonanţi, te, adj. (muz.: despre acorduri) Care este format din consonanţe (1); armonios. ♦ (Despre cuvinte) Care are o terminaţie asemănătoare cu a altui cuvânt. – Din lat. consonans, tis, fr. consonant. Trimis de Joseph,… …   Dicționar Român

  • Consonant — Con so*nant, a. [L. consonans, antis; p. pr. of consonare to sound at the same time, agree; con + sonare to sound: cf. F. consonnant. See {Sound} to make a noise.] 1. Having agreement; congruous; consistent; according; usually followed by with or …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • consonant — adj Consonant, consistent, compatible, congruous, congenial, sympathetic are comparable when they mean being in agreement one with another or agreeable one to the other. Consonant implies agreement with a concurrent circumstance or situation, or… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • consonant — consonant, ante [ kɔ̃sɔnɑ̃, ɑ̃t ] adj. • v. 1165; lat. consonans, de consonare « résonner ensemble » ♦ Qui produit une consonance; est formé de consonances. Intervalles, accords consonants. Phrases consonantes. ⊗ CONTR. Dissonant. ● consonant,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • consonant — ► NOUN 1) a speech sound in which the breath is at least partly obstructed and which forms a syllable when combined with a vowel. 2) a letter representing such a sound. ► ADJECTIVE (consonant with) ▪ in agreement or harmony with. DERIVATIVES… …   English terms dictionary

  • Consonant — (v. lat., Mitlauter), Laut, welcher nur in Verbindung mit einem Vocal ausgesprochen werden kann, s. u. Laute …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Consonant — Consonant, in der Grammatik ein Buchstabe, dessen Laut nicht allein, sondern nur in Verbindung mit einem Selbstlauter, Vocal, ausgesprochen werden kann, Mitlaut …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • consonant — I adjective accordant, adapted, agreeing, alike, answerable, appropriate, apt, arranged, at one, attuned, balanced, becoming, coherent, coincident commensurate, compatible, concerted, concordant, concurrent, conformable, conforming, congenial,… …   Law dictionary

  • consonant — with …   Thesaurus of popular words

  • consonant — [adj] agreeing, consistent accordant, according, agnate, akin, alike, analogous, blending, coincident, comparable, compatible, concordant, conformable, congenial, congruous, correspondent, corresponding, harmonious, in agreement, in rapport, like …   New thesaurus

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