Congregation Con`gre*ga"tion, n. [L. congregatio: cf. F. congr['e]gation.] 1. The act of congregating, or bringing together, or of collecting into one aggregate or mass. [1913 Webster]

The means of reduction in the fire is but by the congregation of homogeneal parts. --Bacon. [1913 Webster]

2. A collection or mass of separate things. [1913 Webster]

A foul and pestilent congregation of vapors. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

3. An assembly of persons; a gathering; esp. an assembly of persons met for the worship of God, and for religious instruction; a body of people who habitually so meet. [1913 Webster]

He [Bunyan] rode every year to London, and preached there to large and attentive congregations. --Macaulay. [1913 Webster]

4. (Anc. Jewish Hist.) The whole body of the Jewish people; -- called also {Congregation of the Lord}. [1913 Webster]

It is a sin offering for the congregation. --Lev. iv. 21. [1913 Webster]

5. (R. C. Ch.) (a) A body of cardinals or other ecclesiastics to whom as intrusted some department of the church business; as, the Congregation of the Propaganda, which has charge of the missions of the Roman Catholic Church. (b) A company of religious persons forming a subdivision of a monastic order. [1913 Webster]

6. The assemblage of Masters and Doctors at Oxford or Cambrige University, mainly for the granting of degrees. [Eng.] [1913 Webster]

7. (Scotch Church Hist.) the name assumed by the Protestant party under John Knox. The leaders called themselves (1557) Lords of the Congregation. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • congrégation — [ kɔ̃gregasjɔ̃ ] n. f. • av. 1622; « réunion » XIIe; lat. congregatio, rac. grex « troupeau » 1 ♦ Compagnie de prêtres, de religieux, de religieuses. ⇒ communauté, ordre. La congrégation de l Oratoire. La loi sur les congrégations (1901). Par… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • congrégation — CONGRÉGATION. sub. fém. Compagnie, corps de plusieurs personnes religieuses ou séculières, vivant sous une même règle. Congrégation Régulière. Congrégation Séculière. Congrégation célèbre. Congrégation d Hommes. Congrégation de Filles. Les… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • congregation — Congregation. s. f. Compagnie, corps de plusieurs personnes Religieuses ou seculieres, assemblées sous de certaines Regles. Congregation reguliere, Congregation seculiere. Congregation celebre. Congregation d hommes. Congregation de filles. les… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Congregation — Congrégation Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Congregation — (v. lat.), 1) Vereinigung; 2) Vereinigung mehrerer Klöster zur Beobachtung derselben Regeln u. Statuten. Die geistlichen Orden gingen zum Theil aus solchen Verbindungen hervor u. theilten sich wieder in mehrere C en, die in Nebensachen u. in der… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • congregation — mid 14c., a gathering, assembly, from O.Fr. congregacion (12c., Mod.Fr. congrégation), from L. congregationem (nom. congregatio), noun of action from congregare (see CONGREGATE (Cf. congregate)). Used by Tyndale to translate Gk. ekklesia in New… …   Etymology dictionary

  • congregation — [käŋ΄grə gā′shən, kän΄grə gā′shən] n. [ME congregacioun < OFr congregation or L congregatio, an assembling (in ML(Ec), religious community)] 1. a congregating or being congregated 2. a gathering of people or things; assemblage 3. an assembly… …   English World dictionary

  • Congregation — Congregation. Dieses Wort, welches eigentlich Versammlung bedeutet, wird in der römischen Kirche in dreifacher Bedeutung gebraucht. 1. bezeichnet man damit die Versammlung der Cardinäle und anderer päpstlicher Beamten, um über irgend einen… …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • Congregation — lat. congregatio, Zusammenschaarung, geistlicher, besonders klosterartiger Verein, Klosterorden und Zweige eines solchen, z.B. die von Papst Clemens VIII. geförderte C. helvetica des Benedictinerordens, die noch heute besteht. C. heißen auch die… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • congregation — I noun aggregate, aggregation, amassment, assemblage, assembly, assembly of persons, association, audience, batch, coetus, collection, conclave, conference, congregated body, convention, conventus, convergence, convocation, crowd, forgathering,… …   Law dictionary

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