Composition of proportion
Composition Com`po*si"tion, n. [F. composition, fr. L. compositio. See {Composite}.] 1. The act or art of composing, or forming a whole or integral, by placing together and uniting different things, parts, or ingredients. In specific uses: (a) The invention or combination of the parts of any literary work or discourse, or of a work of art; as, the composition of a poem or a piece of music. ``The constant habit of elaborate composition.'' --Macaulay. (b) (Fine Arts) The art or practice of so combining the different parts of a work of art as to produce a harmonious whole; also, a work of art considered as such. See 4, below. (c) The act of writing for practice in a language, as English, Latin, German, etc. (d) (Print.) The setting up of type and arranging it for printing. [1913 Webster]

2. The state of being put together or composed; conjunction; combination; adjustment. [1913 Webster]

View them in composition with other things. --I. Watts. [1913 Webster]

The elementary composition of bodies. --Whewell. [1913 Webster]

3. A mass or body formed by combining two or more substances; as, a chemical composition. [1913 Webster]

A composition that looks . . . like marble. --Addison. [1913 Webster]

4. A literary, musical, or artistic production, especially one showing study and care in arrangement; -- often used of an elementary essay or translation done as an educational exercise. [1913 Webster]

5. Consistency; accord; congruity. [Obs.] [1913 Webster]

There is no composition in these news That gives them credit. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

6. Mutual agreement to terms or conditions for the settlement of a difference or controversy; also, the terms or conditions of settlement; agreement. [1913 Webster]

Thus we are agreed: I crave our composition may be written. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

7. (Law) The adjustment of a debt, or avoidance of an obligation, by some form of compensation agreed on between the parties; also, the sum or amount of compensation agreed upon in the adjustment. [1913 Webster]

Compositions for not taking the order of knighthood. --Hallam. [1913 Webster]

Cleared by composition with their creditors. --Blackstone. [1913 Webster]

8. Synthesis as opposed to analysis. [1913 Webster]

The investigation of difficult things by the method of analysis ought ever to precede the method of composition. --Sir I. Newton. [1913 Webster]

{Composition cloth}, a kind of cloth covered with a preparation making it waterproof.

{Composition deed}, an agreement for composition between a debtor and several creditors.

{Composition plane} (Crystallog.), the plane by which the two individuals of a twin crystal are united in their reserved positions.

{Composition of forces} (Mech.), the finding of a single force (called the resultant) which shall be equal in effect to two or more given forces (called the components) when acting in given directions. --Herbert.

{Composition metal}, an alloy resembling brass, which is sometimes used instead of copper for sheathing vessels; -- also called {Muntz metal} and {yellow metal}.

{Composition of proportion} (Math.), an arrangement of four proportionals so that the sum of the first and second is to the second as the sum of the third and fourth to the fourth. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Composition of forces — Composition Com po*si tion, n. [F. composition, fr. L. compositio. See {Composite}.] 1. The act or art of composing, or forming a whole or integral, by placing together and uniting different things, parts, or ingredients. In specific uses: (a)… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Organic composition of capital — Part of a series on Marxism …   Wikipedia

  • organic composition of capital — The ratio between constant and variable capital in total capital , measured in value terms. In lay terms this can be understood as the capital/labour ratio, or the proportion of output contributed by raw materials, machinery and other inputs,… …   Dictionary of sociology

  • Composition — Com po*si tion, n. [F. composition, fr. L. compositio. See {Composite}.] 1. The act or art of composing, or forming a whole or integral, by placing together and uniting different things, parts, or ingredients. In specific uses: (a) The invention… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Composition cloth — Composition Com po*si tion, n. [F. composition, fr. L. compositio. See {Composite}.] 1. The act or art of composing, or forming a whole or integral, by placing together and uniting different things, parts, or ingredients. In specific uses: (a)… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Composition deed — Composition Com po*si tion, n. [F. composition, fr. L. compositio. See {Composite}.] 1. The act or art of composing, or forming a whole or integral, by placing together and uniting different things, parts, or ingredients. In specific uses: (a)… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Composition metal — Composition Com po*si tion, n. [F. composition, fr. L. compositio. See {Composite}.] 1. The act or art of composing, or forming a whole or integral, by placing together and uniting different things, parts, or ingredients. In specific uses: (a)… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Composition plane — Composition Com po*si tion, n. [F. composition, fr. L. compositio. See {Composite}.] 1. The act or art of composing, or forming a whole or integral, by placing together and uniting different things, parts, or ingredients. In specific uses: (a)… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Proportion (architecture) — Proportion is the relation between elements and a whole. Architectural proportions In architecture the whole is not just a building but the set and setting of the site. The things that make a building and its site well shaped include the… …   Wikipedia

  • composition — @ composition deed An agreement embodying the terms of a composition between a debtor and his creditors @ composition of matter In patent law, a substance composed of two or more different substances, without regard to form. A mixture or chemical …   Black's law dictionary

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