Composition
Composition Com`po*si"tion, n. [F. composition, fr. L. compositio. See {Composite}.] 1. The act or art of composing, or forming a whole or integral, by placing together and uniting different things, parts, or ingredients. In specific uses: (a) The invention or combination of the parts of any literary work or discourse, or of a work of art; as, the composition of a poem or a piece of music. ``The constant habit of elaborate composition.'' --Macaulay. (b) (Fine Arts) The art or practice of so combining the different parts of a work of art as to produce a harmonious whole; also, a work of art considered as such. See 4, below. (c) The act of writing for practice in a language, as English, Latin, German, etc. (d) (Print.) The setting up of type and arranging it for printing. [1913 Webster]

2. The state of being put together or composed; conjunction; combination; adjustment. [1913 Webster]

View them in composition with other things. --I. Watts. [1913 Webster]

The elementary composition of bodies. --Whewell. [1913 Webster]

3. A mass or body formed by combining two or more substances; as, a chemical composition. [1913 Webster]

A composition that looks . . . like marble. --Addison. [1913 Webster]

4. A literary, musical, or artistic production, especially one showing study and care in arrangement; -- often used of an elementary essay or translation done as an educational exercise. [1913 Webster]

5. Consistency; accord; congruity. [Obs.] [1913 Webster]

There is no composition in these news That gives them credit. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

6. Mutual agreement to terms or conditions for the settlement of a difference or controversy; also, the terms or conditions of settlement; agreement. [1913 Webster]

Thus we are agreed: I crave our composition may be written. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

7. (Law) The adjustment of a debt, or avoidance of an obligation, by some form of compensation agreed on between the parties; also, the sum or amount of compensation agreed upon in the adjustment. [1913 Webster]

Compositions for not taking the order of knighthood. --Hallam. [1913 Webster]

Cleared by composition with their creditors. --Blackstone. [1913 Webster]

8. Synthesis as opposed to analysis. [1913 Webster]

The investigation of difficult things by the method of analysis ought ever to precede the method of composition. --Sir I. Newton. [1913 Webster]

{Composition cloth}, a kind of cloth covered with a preparation making it waterproof.

{Composition deed}, an agreement for composition between a debtor and several creditors.

{Composition plane} (Crystallog.), the plane by which the two individuals of a twin crystal are united in their reserved positions.

{Composition of forces} (Mech.), the finding of a single force (called the resultant) which shall be equal in effect to two or more given forces (called the components) when acting in given directions. --Herbert.

{Composition metal}, an alloy resembling brass, which is sometimes used instead of copper for sheathing vessels; -- also called {Muntz metal} and {yellow metal}.

{Composition of proportion} (Math.), an arrangement of four proportionals so that the sum of the first and second is to the second as the sum of the third and fourth to the fourth. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Synonyms:

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  • composition — [ kɔ̃pozisjɔ̃ ] n. f. • XIIe au sens I; de composer I ♦ Action de composer. 1 ♦ (1365) Action, manière de former un tout en assemblant plusieurs parties, plusieurs éléments. ⇒ agencement, arrangement, assemblage, combinaison, constitution,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • composition — COMPOSITION. s. fém. Action de composer quelque chose. Être occupé à la composition d une machine, d unouvrage. f♛/b] Il se prend aussi pour l Ouvrage même qui résulte de cette action de composer, pour l assemblage de plusieurs parties qui ne… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • composition — Composition. s. f. v. Assemblage de plusieurs parties. La composition de l Univers. la composition d une machine. les ressorts qui entrent dans la composition d une machine, toutes les parties qui entrent dans la composition du corps humain.… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Composition — may refer to: Composition (logical fallacy), in which one assumes that a whole has a property solely because its various parts have that property Compounding is also known as composition in linguistic literature in computer science Object… …   Wikipedia

  • composition — @ composition deed An agreement embodying the terms of a composition between a debtor and his creditors @ composition of matter In patent law, a substance composed of two or more different substances, without regard to form. A mixture or chemical …   Black's law dictionary

  • composition — @ composition deed An agreement embodying the terms of a composition between a debtor and his creditors @ composition of matter In patent law, a substance composed of two or more different substances, without regard to form. A mixture or chemical …   Black's law dictionary

  • Composition — steht für Programme Composition Manager Computerprogramm, Porter Duff Composition Begriff aus der Computergrafik. Distributed Feature Composition (DFC) Architektur zur Beschreibung und Implementierung von Telekommunikationsdiensten Gemische… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • composition — com·po·si·tion n: an agreement between an insolvent debtor and several creditors whereby partial payment of the debts discharges in full the original obligations compare accord, compromise Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster.… …   Law dictionary

  • composition — late 14c., action of combining, also manner in which a thing is composed, from O.Fr. composicion (13c., Mod.Fr. composition) composition, make up, literary work, agreement, settlement, from L. compositionem (nom. compositio) a putting together,… …   Etymology dictionary

  • composition — [n1] structure, arrangement agreement, architecture, balance, beauty, combination, concord, configuration, consonance, constitution, content, design, distribution, form, formation, harmony, layout, make up, placing, proportion, relation, rhythm,… …   New thesaurus

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