Complement
Complement Com"ple*ment, n. [L. complementun: cf. F. compl['e]ment. See {Complete}, v. t., and cf. {Compliment}.] 1. That which fills up or completes; the quantity or number required to fill a thing or make it complete. [1913 Webster]

2. That which is required to supply a deficiency, or to complete a symmetrical whole. [1913 Webster]

History is the complement of poetry. --Sir J. Stephen. [1913 Webster]

3. Full quantity, number, or amount; a complete set; completeness. [1913 Webster]

To exceed his complement and number appointed him which was one hundred and twenty persons. --Hakluyt. [1913 Webster]

4. (Math.) A second quantity added to a given quantity to make it equal to a third given quantity. [1913 Webster]

5. Something added for ornamentation; an accessory. [Obs.] [1913 Webster]

Without vain art or curious complements. --Spenser. [1913 Webster]

6. (Naut.) The whole working force of a vessel. [1913 Webster]

7. (Mus.) The interval wanting to complete the octave; -- the fourth is the complement of the fifth, the sixth of the third. [1913 Webster]

8. A compliment. [Obs.] --Shak. [1913 Webster]

{Arithmetical compliment of a logarithm}. See under {Logarithm}.

{Arithmetical complement of a number} (Math.), the difference between that number and the next higher power of 10; as, 4 is the complement of 6, and 16 of 84.

{Complement of an arc} or {Complement of an angle} (Geom.), the difference between that arc or angle and 90[deg].

{Complement of a parallelogram}. (Math.) See {Gnomon}.

{In her complement} (Her.), said of the moon when represented as full. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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  • complément — [ kɔ̃plemɑ̃ ] n. m. • 1308; de l a. fr. complir « remplir »; repris 1690; lat. complementum, de complere « remplir » 1 ♦ Ce qui s ajoute ou doit s ajouter à une chose pour qu elle soit complète. ⇒ achèvement, couronnement. Le complément est… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • complement — COMPLEMÉNT, complemente, s.n. 1. Ceea ce se adaugă la ceva spre a l întregi; complinire. 2. Parte secundară a propoziţiei care determină un verb, un adjectiv sau un adverb. 3. Substanţă de natură proteică prezentă în serul normal şi care… …   Dicționar Român

  • Complement — Complément Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom …   Wikipédia en Français

  • complement — COMPLEMENT. s. m. Ce qui s ajoute à une chose pour lui donner sa perfection. On dit en Théologie, Complément de béatitude, pour exprimer Le comble de la beatitude. La résurrection des corps sera le complément de la béatitude des Saints.Complément …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • complement — n Complement, supplement are comparable both as nouns meaning one thing that makes up for a want or deficiency in another thing and as verbs meaning to supply what is needed to make up for such a want or deficiency. Complement implies a… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • complement — complement, compliment, complementary, complimentary 1. Complement and compliment each function as noun and verb; in pronunciation they are largely indistinguishable except that in the verbal function compliment has a fuller i sound in its second …   Modern English usage

  • Complement — (v. lat. Complementum), 1) Ergänzung; 2) (Math.), C. einer Größe ist im Allgemeinen das, was zu dieser addirt werden muß, um ein gewisses Ganze zu erhalten. Complement eines Winkels od. Kreisbogens ist beziehungsweise derjenige Winkel od. Bogen,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • complement — ► NOUN 1) a thing that contributes extra features to something else so as to enhance or improve it. 2) the number or quantity that makes something complete. 3) a word or words used with a verb to complete the meaning of the predicate (e.g. happy… …   English terms dictionary

  • complement — (n.) late 14c., that which completes, from O.Fr. compliement accomplishment, fulfillment (14c., Mod.Fr. complément), from L. complementum that which fills up or completes, from complere fill up (see COMPLETE (Cf. complete)). Originally also… …   Etymology dictionary

  • complement — [n] companion, counterpart accompaniment, addition, aggregate, augmentation, balance, capacity, completion, consummation, correlate, correlative, counterpart, enhancement, enrichment, entirety, filler, finishing touch, makeweight, pendant, quota …   New thesaurus

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