Commune Com"mune (k[o^]m"m[=u]n), n. [F., fr. commun. See {Common}.] 1. The commonalty; the common people. [Obs.] --Chaucer. [1913 Webster]

In this struggle -- to use the technical words of the time -- of the ``commune'', the general mass of the inhabitants, against the ``prudhommes'' or ``wiser'' few. --J. R. Green. [1913 Webster]

2. A small territorial district in France under the government of a mayor and municipal council; also, the inhabitants, or the government, of such a district. See {Arrondissement}. [1913 Webster]

3. Absolute municipal self-government. [1913 Webster]

4. a group of people living together as an organized community and owning in common most or all of their property and possessions, and sharing work, income, and many other aspects of daily life. Such sommunities are oftten organized based on religious or idealistic principles, and they sometimes have unconventional lifestyles, practises, or moral codes. [PJC]

{The Commune of Paris}, or {The Commune} (a) The government established in Paris (1792-94) by a usurpation of supreme power on the part of representatives chosen by the communes; the period of its continuance is known as the ``Reign of Terror.'' (b) The revolutionary government, modeled on the commune of 1792, which the communists, so called, attempted to establish in 1871. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • commune — [ kɔmyn ] n. f. • comugne XIIe; lat. communia, de communis → commun 1 ♦ Anciennt Ville affranchie du joug féodal, et que les bourgeois administraient eux mêmes; corps des bourgeois. ⇒ bourgeoisie (1o), échevinage. La charte d une commune. 2 ♦… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • commune — Commune. s. f. La populace, le commun peuple d une ville, ou d un bourg. La Commune d un tel lieu. la Commune s esmut. la Commune prit les armes. il ne faut pas irriter la Commune. armer la Commune. Les Communes au pluriel, se prend pour les… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Commune — Com*mune (k[o^]m*m[=u]n ), v. i. [imp. & p. p. {Communed} (k[o^]m*m[=u]nd ); p. pr. & vb. n. {Communing}.] [OF. communier, fr. L. communicare to communicate, fr. communis common. See {Common}, and cf. {Communicate}.] 1. To converse together with… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • commune — com‧mune [ˈkɒmjuːn ǁ ˈkɑː , kəˈmjuːn] noun [countable] 1. COMMERCE a group of people who live and work together and share what they produce 2. FARMING a group of people who work together on a farm owned by the state, and give what they produce to …   Financial and business terms

  • commune — commune1 [kə myo͞on′; ] for n. [ käm′yo͞on΄] vi. communed, communing [ME communen < OFr comuner, to make common, share < comun (see COMMON); also < OFr communier, to administer the sacrament < L communicare, to share (LL(Ec), to… …   English World dictionary

  • commune — Ⅰ. commune [1] ► NOUN 1) a group of people living together and sharing possessions and responsibilities. 2) the smallest French territorial division for administrative purposes. 3) (the Commune) the government elected in Paris in 1871, advocating …   English terms dictionary

  • Commune — Com mune (k[o^]m m[=u]n), n. Communion; sympathetic intercourse or conversation between friends. [1913 Webster] For days of happy commune dead. Tennyson. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • commune — [n] group living together collective, commonage, commonality, community, cooperative, family, kibbutz, municipality, neighborhood, rank and file, village; concept 379 commune [v] communicate, experience with another confer, confide in,… …   New thesaurus

  • Commune — (frz., spr. mühn), s. Kommune …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • commune — index communicate, community, cooperative Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

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