Agaricus campestris
Mushroom Mush"room, n. [OE. muscheron, OF. mouscheron, F. mousseron; perhaps fr. mousse moss, of German origin. See {Moss}.] 1. (Bot.) (a) An edible fungus ({Agaricus campestris}), having a white stalk which bears a convex or oven flattish expanded portion called the pileus. This is whitish and silky or somewhat scaly above, and bears on the under side radiating gills which are at first flesh-colored, but gradually become brown. The plant grows in rich pastures and is proverbial for rapidity of growth and shortness of duration. It has a pleasant smell, and is largely used as food. It is also cultivated from spawn. (b) Any large fungus developing a visible fruiting body with a stem and cap, usu. of the basidiomycetes; especially one of the genus {Agaricus}; a toadstool. Several species are edible; but many are very poisonous. The term mushroom is used most often for edible varieties, the poisonous ones being termed {toadstools} or other names. But this distinction is often ignored. [1913 Webster +PJC]

2. One who rises suddenly from a low condition in life; an upstart. --Bacon. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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  • Agaricus campestris — Champignon Cham*pi gnon, n. [F., a mushroom, ultimately fr. L. campus field. See {Camp}.] (Bot.) An edible species of mushroom ({Agaricus campestris}). [1913 Webster] {Fairy ring champignon}, the {Marasmius oreades}, which has a strong flavor but …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Agaricus campestris — noun common edible mushroom found naturally in moist open soil; the cultivated mushroom of commerce • Syn: ↑meadow mushroom, ↑field mushroom • Hypernyms: ↑agaric • Member Holonyms: ↑Agaricus, ↑genus Agaricus …   Useful english dictionary

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  • Agaricus — Taxobox name = Agaricus image width = 200px image caption = Poisonous A. xanthodermus regnum = Fungi phylum = Basidiomycota subphylum = Agaricomycotina classis = Agaricomycetes ordo = Agaricales familia = Agaricaceae genus = Agaricus subdivision… …   Wikipedia

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