coal oil
Kerosene Ker"o*sene`, n. [Gr. ? wax.] An oil used for illuminating purposes, formerly obtained from the distillation of mineral wax, bituminous shale, etc., and hence called also {coal oil}. It is now produced in immense quantities, chiefly by the distillation and purification of petroleum. It consists chiefly of several hydrocarbons of the methane series, having from 10 to 16 carbon atoms in each molecule, and having a higher boiling point (175 - 325[deg] C) than gasoline or the petroleum ethers, and a lower boling point than the oils. [1913 Webster +PJC]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Coal oil — Coal Coal (k[=o]l), n. [AS. col; akin to D. kool, OHG. chol, cholo, G. kohle, Icel. kol, pl., Sw. kol, Dan. kul; cf. Skr. jval to burn. Cf. {Kiln}, {Collier}.] 1. A thoroughly charred, and extinguished or still ignited, fragment from wood or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • coal oil — ☆ coal oil n. 1. kerosene or any other oil obtained by fractional distillation of petroleum 2. crude petroleum 3. unrefined oil, obtained by destructive distillation of coal: used as a lamp fuel …   English World dictionary

  • coal oil — coal′ oil n. 1) ene brit. petroleum obtained by the destructive distillation of bituminous coal 2) ene brit. kerosene • Etymology: 1855–60, amer …   From formal English to slang

  • Coal oil — Cannel coal, used to produce coal oil, from the Pennsylvanian of NE Ohio Coal oil is a term once used for a specific shale oil used for illuminating purposes.[citation needed] …   Wikipedia

  • coal oil — noun a flammable hydrocarbon oil used as fuel in lamps and heaters • Syn: ↑kerosene, ↑kerosine, ↑lamp oil • Hypernyms: ↑fuel, ↑hydrocarbon • Hyponyms: ↑paraffin, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • coal oil — žibalas statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Naftos distiliacijos frakcija, verdanti 150–300 °C temperatūroje, tarp benzino ir gazolio. atitikmenys: angl. burning oil; coal oil; domestic kerosine; kerosene; kerosine; lamp oil; paraffin, GB rus.… …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • Coal oil —   Oil that can be obtained by distilling bituminous coal.   California Energy Comission. Dictionary of Energy Terms …   Energy terms

  • coal oil — Older U.S. Use and Canadian. 1. petroleum obtained by the destructive distillation of bituminous coal. 2. kerosene. [1855 60, Amer.] * * * …   Universalium

  • coal oil — n. petroleum produced by the dry distillation of bituminous coal; kerosene …   English contemporary dictionary

  • coal oil — noun Date: 1851 1. petroleum or a refined oil prepared from it 2. kerosene …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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