Civil war
Civil Civ"il, a. [L. civilis, fr. civis citizen: cf. F. civil. See {City}.] 1. Pertaining to a city or state, or to a citizen in his relations to his fellow citizens or to the state; within the city or state. [1913 Webster]

2. Subject to government; reduced to order; civilized; not barbarous; -- said of the community. [1913 Webster]

England was very rude and barbarous; for it is but even the other day since England grew civil. --Spenser. [1913 Webster]

3. Performing the duties of a citizen; obedient to government; -- said of an individual. [1913 Webster]

Civil men come nearer the saints of God than others; they come within a step or two of heaven. --Preston [1913 Webster]

4. Having the manners of one dwelling in a city, as opposed to those of savages or rustics; polite; courteous; complaisant; affable. [1913 Webster]

Note: ``A civil man now is one observant of slight external courtesies in the mutual intercourse between man and man; a civil man once was one who fulfilled all the duties and obligations flowing from his position as a 'civis' and his relations to the other members of that 'civitas.''' --Trench [1913 Webster]

5. Pertaining to civic life and affairs, in distinction from military, ecclesiastical, or official state. [1913 Webster]

6. Relating to rights and remedies sought by action or suit distinct from criminal proceedings. [1913 Webster]

{Civil action}, an action to enforce the rights or redress the wrongs of an individual, not involving a criminal proceeding.

{Civil architecture}, the architecture which is employed in constructing buildings for the purposes of civil life, in distinction from military and naval architecture, as private houses, palaces, churches, etc.

{Civil death}. (Law.) See under {Death}.

{Civil engineering}. See under {Engineering}.

{Civil law}. See under {Law}.

{Civil list}. See under {List}.

{Civil remedy} (Law), that given to a person injured, by action, as opposed to a criminal prosecution.

{Civil service}, all service rendered to and paid for by the state or nation other than that pertaining to naval or military affairs.

{Civil service reform}, the substitution of business principles and methods for the spoils system in the conduct of the civil service, esp. in the matter of appointments to office.

{Civil state}, the whole body of the laity or citizens not included under the military, maritime, and ecclesiastical states.

{Civil suit}. Same as {Civil action}.

{Civil war}. See under {War}.

{Civil year}. See under {Year}. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • civil war — battles among fellow citizens or within a community, from CIVIL (Cf. civil) in a sense of occurring among fellow citizens attested from late 14c. in batayle ciuile civil battle, etc. The exact phrase civil war is attested from late 15c. (the… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Civil war — War War, n. [OE. & AS. werre; akin to OHG. werra scandal, quarrel, sedition, werran to confound, mix, D. warren, G. wirren, verwirren, to embroil, confound, disturb, and perhaps to E. worse; cf. OF. werre war, F. querre, of Teutonic origin. Cf.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • civil war — ♦♦♦ civil wars N COUNT A civil war is a war which is fought between different groups of people who live in the same country. ...the Spanish Civil War …   English dictionary

  • civil war — n. war between geographical sections or political factions of the same nation the Civil War the war between the North (the Union) and the South (the Confederacy) in the U.S. (1861 65) …   English World dictionary

  • civil war — n [U and C] a war in which opposing groups of people from the same country fight each other in order to gain political control ▪ the Spanish civil war …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • civil war — noun count or uncount * a war fought between different groups of people within the same country …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • civil war — ► NOUN ▪ a war between citizens of the same country …   English terms dictionary

  • Civil war — This article is about the definition of the specific type of war. For civil wars in history, see List of civil wars. For other uses, see Civil war (disambiguation). Warfare …   Wikipedia

  • Civil War — Para otros usos de este término, véase Guerra civil (desambiguación). Para la canción de Guns N Roses, véase Civil War (canción). Guerra Civil Civil War [[Archivo …   Wikipedia Español

  • Civil War — Sezessionskrieg Die Vereinigten Staaten 1864 blau …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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