Civil law

Civil law
Civil Civ"il, a. [L. civilis, fr. civis citizen: cf. F. civil. See {City}.] 1. Pertaining to a city or state, or to a citizen in his relations to his fellow citizens or to the state; within the city or state. [1913 Webster]

2. Subject to government; reduced to order; civilized; not barbarous; -- said of the community. [1913 Webster]

England was very rude and barbarous; for it is but even the other day since England grew civil. --Spenser. [1913 Webster]

3. Performing the duties of a citizen; obedient to government; -- said of an individual. [1913 Webster]

Civil men come nearer the saints of God than others; they come within a step or two of heaven. --Preston [1913 Webster]

4. Having the manners of one dwelling in a city, as opposed to those of savages or rustics; polite; courteous; complaisant; affable. [1913 Webster]

Note: ``A civil man now is one observant of slight external courtesies in the mutual intercourse between man and man; a civil man once was one who fulfilled all the duties and obligations flowing from his position as a 'civis' and his relations to the other members of that 'civitas.''' --Trench [1913 Webster]

5. Pertaining to civic life and affairs, in distinction from military, ecclesiastical, or official state. [1913 Webster]

6. Relating to rights and remedies sought by action or suit distinct from criminal proceedings. [1913 Webster]

{Civil action}, an action to enforce the rights or redress the wrongs of an individual, not involving a criminal proceeding.

{Civil architecture}, the architecture which is employed in constructing buildings for the purposes of civil life, in distinction from military and naval architecture, as private houses, palaces, churches, etc.

{Civil death}. (Law.) See under {Death}.

{Civil engineering}. See under {Engineering}.

{Civil law}. See under {Law}.

{Civil list}. See under {List}.

{Civil remedy} (Law), that given to a person injured, by action, as opposed to a criminal prosecution.

{Civil service}, all service rendered to and paid for by the state or nation other than that pertaining to naval or military affairs.

{Civil service reform}, the substitution of business principles and methods for the spoils system in the conduct of the civil service, esp. in the matter of appointments to office.

{Civil state}, the whole body of the laity or citizens not included under the military, maritime, and ecclesiastical states.

{Civil suit}. Same as {Civil action}.

{Civil war}. See under {War}.

{Civil year}. See under {Year}. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • civil law — n often cap C&L 1: Roman law esp. as set forth in the Code of Justinian 2: the body of law developed from Roman law and used in Louisiana, in continental Europe, and in many other countries outside of the English speaking world including esp.… …   Law dictionary

  • civil law — civil law, adj. 1. the body of laws of a state or nation regulating ordinary private matters, as distinct from laws regulating criminal, political, or military matters. 2. Rom. Hist. the body of law proper to the city or state of Rome, as… …   Universalium

  • civil law — ➔ law * * * civil law UK US noun [U] LAW ► the part of the legal system that deals with people s relationships, property, and business agreements, rather than with criminal activity: »US shareholders are suing the company under civil law for… …   Financial and business terms

  • Civil law — Law Law (l[add]), n. [OE. lawe, laghe, AS. lagu, from the root of E. lie: akin to OS. lag, Icel. l[ o]g, Sw. lag, Dan. lov; cf. L. lex, E. legal. A law is that which is laid, set, or fixed; like statute, fr. L. statuere to make to stand. See… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Civil law — may refer to: Civil law (area), a branch of continental law which is the general part of private law Civil law (common law), a branch of common law dealing with relations between individuals or organizations (as opposed to criminal law) Civil law …   Wikipedia

  • civil law — n. 1. the body of codified law developed from Roman law and still in force in many European and American nations: distinguished from COMMON LAW 2. the body of law that an individual nation or state has established for itself: cf. INTERNATIONAL… …   English World dictionary

  • civil law — n [U] the area of law relating to the affairs of private citizens rather than crime →↑criminal law …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • civil law — ► NOUN 1) law concerned with ordinary citizens, rather than criminal, military, or religious affairs. 2) the system of law predominant on the European continent, influenced by that of ancient Rome …   English terms dictionary

  • Civil Law — bezeichnet: den kontinentaleuropäischen Rechtskreis in Abgrenzung zum Common Law, siehe Rechtskreis #Kontinentaleuropäischer Rechtskreis das Privatrecht oder Zivilrecht innerhalb eines Rechtskreises in Abgrenzung zum öffentlichen Recht …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • civil law — noun uncount the part of law that deals with disagreements between people rather than with crime …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

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