Civil death
Civil Civ"il, a. [L. civilis, fr. civis citizen: cf. F. civil. See {City}.] 1. Pertaining to a city or state, or to a citizen in his relations to his fellow citizens or to the state; within the city or state. [1913 Webster]

2. Subject to government; reduced to order; civilized; not barbarous; -- said of the community. [1913 Webster]

England was very rude and barbarous; for it is but even the other day since England grew civil. --Spenser. [1913 Webster]

3. Performing the duties of a citizen; obedient to government; -- said of an individual. [1913 Webster]

Civil men come nearer the saints of God than others; they come within a step or two of heaven. --Preston [1913 Webster]

4. Having the manners of one dwelling in a city, as opposed to those of savages or rustics; polite; courteous; complaisant; affable. [1913 Webster]

Note: ``A civil man now is one observant of slight external courtesies in the mutual intercourse between man and man; a civil man once was one who fulfilled all the duties and obligations flowing from his position as a 'civis' and his relations to the other members of that 'civitas.''' --Trench [1913 Webster]

5. Pertaining to civic life and affairs, in distinction from military, ecclesiastical, or official state. [1913 Webster]

6. Relating to rights and remedies sought by action or suit distinct from criminal proceedings. [1913 Webster]

{Civil action}, an action to enforce the rights or redress the wrongs of an individual, not involving a criminal proceeding.

{Civil architecture}, the architecture which is employed in constructing buildings for the purposes of civil life, in distinction from military and naval architecture, as private houses, palaces, churches, etc.

{Civil death}. (Law.) See under {Death}.

{Civil engineering}. See under {Engineering}.

{Civil law}. See under {Law}.

{Civil list}. See under {List}.

{Civil remedy} (Law), that given to a person injured, by action, as opposed to a criminal prosecution.

{Civil service}, all service rendered to and paid for by the state or nation other than that pertaining to naval or military affairs.

{Civil service reform}, the substitution of business principles and methods for the spoils system in the conduct of the civil service, esp. in the matter of appointments to office.

{Civil state}, the whole body of the laity or citizens not included under the military, maritime, and ecclesiastical states.

{Civil suit}. Same as {Civil action}.

{Civil war}. See under {War}.

{Civil year}. See under {Year}. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • civil death — n: the status of a living person equivalent in its legal consequences to natural death; specif: deprivation of certain civil rights upon conviction for a serious crime Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996. civil death …   Law dictionary

  • Civil death — Death Death (d[e^]th), n. [OE. deth, dea[eth], AS. de[ a][eth]; akin to OS. d[=o][eth], D. dood, G. tod, Icel. dau[eth]i, Sw. & Dan. d[ o]d, Goth. dau[thorn]us; from a verb meaning to die. See {Die}, v. i., and cf. {Dead}.] 1. The cessation of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Civil death — (Latin: civiliter mortuus)[1] is a term that refers to the loss of all or almost all civil rights by a person due to a conviction for a felony or due to an act by the government of a country that results in the loss of civil rights. It is usually …   Wikipedia

  • civil death — n. Law Historical the condition of a person who forfeits or is deprived of all civil rights * * * …   Universalium

  • civil death — n. Law Historical the condition of a person who forfeits or is deprived of all civil rights …   English World dictionary

  • civil death — The extinction of all civil rights, such as occurred at common law upon a person being banished, abjuring the realm, or entering a religious order, and to a certain extent upon conviction of any felony. It has been held in the United States that… …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • civil death — noun Date: 1719 the status of a living person equivalent in its legal consequences to natural death; specifically deprivation of civil rights …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • civil death — The state of a person who, though possessing natural life, has lost all civil rights and as to them is considered civilly dead. Hiroko Kawakita Hayashi v. Lorenz, Cal.App., 258 P.2d 1039, 1042. In some states, persons convicted of serious crimes… …   Black's law dictionary

  • civil death — The state of a person who, though possessing natural life, has lost all civil rights and as to them is considered civilly dead. Hiroko Kawakita Hayashi v. Lorenz, Cal.App., 258 P.2d 1039, 1042. In some states, persons convicted of serious crimes… …   Black's law dictionary

  • civil death — noun 1. the legal status of a person who is alive but who has been deprived of the rights and privileges of a citizen or a member of society; the legal status of one sentenced to life imprisonment • Topics: ↑law, ↑jurisprudence • Hypernyms:… …   Useful english dictionary

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