Civil
Civil Civ"il, a. [L. civilis, fr. civis citizen: cf. F. civil. See {City}.] 1. Pertaining to a city or state, or to a citizen in his relations to his fellow citizens or to the state; within the city or state. [1913 Webster]

2. Subject to government; reduced to order; civilized; not barbarous; -- said of the community. [1913 Webster]

England was very rude and barbarous; for it is but even the other day since England grew civil. --Spenser. [1913 Webster]

3. Performing the duties of a citizen; obedient to government; -- said of an individual. [1913 Webster]

Civil men come nearer the saints of God than others; they come within a step or two of heaven. --Preston [1913 Webster]

4. Having the manners of one dwelling in a city, as opposed to those of savages or rustics; polite; courteous; complaisant; affable. [1913 Webster]

Note: ``A civil man now is one observant of slight external courtesies in the mutual intercourse between man and man; a civil man once was one who fulfilled all the duties and obligations flowing from his position as a 'civis' and his relations to the other members of that 'civitas.''' --Trench [1913 Webster]

5. Pertaining to civic life and affairs, in distinction from military, ecclesiastical, or official state. [1913 Webster]

6. Relating to rights and remedies sought by action or suit distinct from criminal proceedings. [1913 Webster]

{Civil action}, an action to enforce the rights or redress the wrongs of an individual, not involving a criminal proceeding.

{Civil architecture}, the architecture which is employed in constructing buildings for the purposes of civil life, in distinction from military and naval architecture, as private houses, palaces, churches, etc.

{Civil death}. (Law.) See under {Death}.

{Civil engineering}. See under {Engineering}.

{Civil law}. See under {Law}.

{Civil list}. See under {List}.

{Civil remedy} (Law), that given to a person injured, by action, as opposed to a criminal prosecution.

{Civil service}, all service rendered to and paid for by the state or nation other than that pertaining to naval or military affairs.

{Civil service reform}, the substitution of business principles and methods for the spoils system in the conduct of the civil service, esp. in the matter of appointments to office.

{Civil state}, the whole body of the laity or citizens not included under the military, maritime, and ecclesiastical states.

{Civil suit}. Same as {Civil action}.

{Civil war}. See under {War}.

{Civil year}. See under {Year}. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Synonyms:

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  • civil — civil …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • civil — civil, ile [ sivil ] adj. et n. m. • 1290; lat. civilis, de civis → citoyen I ♦ 1 ♦ (XIVe) Relatif à l ensemble des citoyens. La vie, la société civile. Guerre civile, entre les citoyens d un même État (cf. Guerre intestine). ⇒ révolution. Vx Les …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • civil — civ·il / si vəl/ adj [Latin civilis, from civis citizen] 1: concerning, befitting, or applying to individual citizens or to citizens as a whole a civil duty see also civil right 2: marked by public order: peaceable in behavior …   Law dictionary

  • civil — (Del lat. civīlis). 1. adj. ciudadano (ǁ perteneciente a la ciudad o a los ciudadanos). 2. Sociable, urbano, atento. 3. Que no es militar ni eclesiástico o religioso. Aviación civil. [m6]Cementerio civil. 4. Der. Perteneciente o relativo a las… …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • civil — civil, ile (si vil, vi l ; au pluriel l s ne se lie pas : des employés civils à tout le monde ; dites civil à.... cependant plusieurs prononcent cette s : ci vil z à....) adj. 1°   Qui concerne les citoyens. La vie, la société civile. Guerre… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • civil — CIVÍL, Ă, civili, e, adj. Care priveşte pe cetăţenii unui stat (cu excepţia militarilor şi a reprezentanţilor bisericii) sau care aparţine, este specific acestor cetăţeni; care se referă la raporturile juridice ale cetăţenilor între ei (cu… …   Dicționar Român

  • civil — adjetivo 1. De la ciudad o de los ciudadanos, especialmente en oposición a lo oficial: sociedad civil, derechos civiles, obligaciones civiles. protección* civil. 2. Área: derecho De las relaciones entre personas privadas: contrato civil,… …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • Civil — y civilidad puede referirse a: Sociable Ciudadano Cívico Civismo Civilización Sociedad civil Organización civil u organización no gubernamental (ONG) Derecho civil Derechos civiles Ley civil o código civil Pleito civil Demanda civil Guardia civil …   Wikipedia Español

  • civil — CIVIL, ILE. adject. Qui regarde et qui concerne les Citoyens. La vie civile. La société civile. La guerre civile.Droit Civil, se prend pour La Jurisprudence Romaine, qu on appelle autrement Droit Ecrit. Cours de Droit Civil. Professeur en Droit… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • civil — [siv′əl] adj. [OFr < L civilis < civis: see HOME] 1. of a citizen or citizens [civil rights] 2. of a community of citizens, their government, or their interrelations [civil service, civil war] 3. cultured; civilized 4. polite or courteous,… …   English World dictionary

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