Citrus Aurantium
Orange Or"ange ([o^]r"[e^]nj), n. [F.; cf. It. arancia, arancio, LL. arangia, Sp. naranjia, Pg. laranja; all fr. Ar. n[=a]ranj, Per. n[=a]ranj, n[=a]rang; cf. Skr. n[=a]ranga orange tree. The o- in F. orange is due to confusion with or gold, L. aurum, because the orange resembles gold in color.] [1913 Webster] 1. The fruit of a tree of the genus {Citrus} ({Citrus Aurantium}). It is usually round, and consists of pulpy carpels, commonly ten in number, inclosed in a leathery rind, which is easily separable, and is reddish yellow when ripe. [1913 Webster]

Note: There are numerous varieties of oranges; as, the {bitter orange}, which is supposed to be the original stock; the {navel orange}, which has the rudiment of a second orange imbedded in the top of the fruit; the {blood orange}, with a reddish juice; and the {horned orange}, in which the carpels are partly separated. [1913 Webster]

2. (Bot.) The tree that bears oranges; the orange tree. [1913 Webster]

3. The color of an orange; reddish yellow. [1913 Webster]

{Mandarin orange}. See {Mandarin}.

{Mock orange} (Bot.), any species of shrubs of the genus {Philadelphus}, which have whitish and often fragrant blossoms.

{Native orange}, or {Orange thorn} (Bot.), an Australian shrub ({Citriobatus parviflorus}); also, its edible yellow berries.

{Orange bird} (Zo["o]l.), a tanager of Jamaica ({Tanagra zena}); -- so called from its bright orange breast.

{Orange cowry} (Zo["o]l.), a large, handsome cowry ({Cypr[ae]a aurantia}), highly valued by collectors of shells on account of its rarity.

{Orange grass} (Bot.), an inconspicuous annual American plant ({Hypericum Sarothra}), having minute, deep yellow flowers.

{Orange oil} (Chem.), an oily, terpenelike substance obtained from orange rind, and distinct from neroli oil, which is obtained from the flowers.

{Orange pekoe}, a kind of black tea.

{Orange pippin}, an orange-colored apple with acid flavor.

{Quito orange}, the orangelike fruit of a shrubby species of nightshade ({Solanum Quitoense}), native in Quito.

{Orange scale} (Zo["o]l.) any species of scale insects which infests orange trees; especially, the purple scale ({Mytilaspis citricola}), the long scale ({Mytilaspis Gloveri}), and the red scale ({Aspidiotus Aurantii}). [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Citrus aurantium — Citrus × aurantium bezeichnet Zitruspflanzen, die aus einer Kreuzung zwischen Mandarine (C. reticulata) und Pampelmuse (C. maxima) hervorgegangen sind. Es werden folgende Sortengruppen unterschieden: Bitterorangen (Citrus × aurantium… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Citrus × aurantium —   Naranjo amargo …   Wikipedia Español

  • Citrus aurantium — Bigaradier Bigaradier …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Citrus aurantium — karčiavaisis citrinmedis statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Rūtinių šeimos dekoratyvinis, maistinis, prieskoninis, vaistinis augalas (Citrus aurantium), auginamas atogrąžų Azijoje (Indokinijoje); jo vaisiai valgomi, iš jų gaminami gėrimai,… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • Citrus aurantium — ID 19360 Symbol Key CIAU8 Common Name sour orange Family Rutaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Introduced to U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution FL, GA, PR, TX, VI Growth Habit Shrub, Tree …   USDA Plant Characteristics

  • Citrus aurantium — noun any of various common orange trees yielding sour or bitter fruit; used as grafting stock • Syn: ↑sour orange, ↑Seville orange, ↑bitter orange, ↑bitter orange tree, ↑bigarade, ↑marmalade orange • Hypernyms: ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Citrus aurantium — …   Википедия

  • CITRUS AURANTIUM L. - ГОРЬКИЙ АПЕЛЬСИН, ПОМЕРАНЕЦ, БИГАРАДИЯ — см. 514. Дерево. С. aurantium L. Горький апельсин, Померанец, Бигарадия Sp. pl. (1753) 782. Церевитинов (1949) 201. Жуковский (1950) 409; (1964) 604. Wealth of India 2 (1950) 189, f. 77. Атлас лек. раст. (1962) 602, рис. S y n. Aurantium acre… …   Справочник растений

  • Citrus aurantium amara — Bigaradier Bigaradier …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Citrus aurantium var. grandis — didysis citrinmedis statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Rūtinių šeimos valgomus vaisius vedantis augalas (Citrus maxima), savaime paplitęs Indonezijoje ir Malaizijoje, kitur (atogrąžose ir paatogrąžiuose) – auginamas. atitikmenys: lot.… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

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