circulating capital

circulating capital
capital cap"i*tal (k[a^]p"[i^]*tal), n. [Cf. L. capitellum and capitulum, a small head, the head, top, or capital of a column, dim. of caput head; F. chapiteau, OF. capitel. See {chief}, and cf. {cattle}, {chattel}, {chapiter}, {chapter}.] 1. (Arch.) The head or uppermost member of a column, pilaster, etc. It consists generally of three parts, abacus, bell (or vase), and necking. See these terms, and {Column}. [1913 Webster]

2. [Cf. F. capilate, fem., sc. ville.] (Geog.) The seat of government; the chief city or town in a country; a metropolis. ``A busy and splendid capital'' --Macauly. [1913 Webster]

3. [Cf. F. capital.] Money, property, or stock employed in trade, manufactures, etc.; the sum invested or lent, as distinguished from the income or interest. See {Capital stock}, under {Capital}, a. [1913 Webster]

4. (Polit. Econ.) That portion of the produce of industry, which may be directly employed either to support human beings or to assist in production. --M'Culloch. [1913 Webster]

Note: When wealth is used to assist production it is called capital. The capital of a civilized community includes {fixed capital} (i.e. buildings, machines, and roads used in the course of production and exchange) and {circulating capital} (i.e., food, fuel, money, etc., spent in the course of production and exchange). --T. Raleigh. [1913 Webster]

5. Anything which can be used to increase one's power or influence. [1913 Webster]

He tried to make capital out of his rival's discomfiture. --London Times. [1913 Webster]

6. (Fort.) An imaginary line dividing a bastion, ravelin, or other work, into two equal parts. [1913 Webster]

7. A chapter, or section, of a book. [Obs.] [1913 Webster]

Holy St. Bernard hath said in the 59th capital. --Sir W. Scott. [1913 Webster]

8. (Print.) See {Capital letter}, under {Capital}, a. [1913 Webster]

{Active capital}. See under {Active},

{Small capital} (Print.), a small capital letter; informally referred to (in the plural) as {small caps}; as, the technical terms are listed in {small caps}. See under {Capital}, a.

{To live on one's capital}, to consume one's capital without producing or accumulating anything to replace it. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Circulating capital — refers to physical capital and operating expenses, i.e., short lived items that are used in production and used up in the process of creating other goods or services. This is roughly equal to Intermediate consumption. It includes raw materials,… …   Wikipedia

  • circulating capital — ➔ capital * * * circulating capital UK US noun [U] ACCOUNTING ► WORKING CAPITAL(Cf. ↑working capital) …   Financial and business terms

  • circulating capital — index principal (capital sum) Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • Circulating Capital — The portion of an organization s investment that is continually used and replenished in ongoing operations. Circulating capital can consist of operating expenses, raw material stock, inventories of finished goods or physical capital on hand.… …   Investment dictionary

  • circulating capital — noun : capital consumed in the process of production (as fuel, power, and raw materials) contrasted with fixed capital * * * the portion of capital goods that consists of goods in process, inventories of finished goods, and raw materials. Also… …   Useful english dictionary

  • circulating capital — the portion of capital goods that consists of goods in process, inventories of finished goods, and raw materials. Also called circulating capital goods. Cf. fixed capital. [1770 80] * * * …   Universalium

  • circulating capital — capital which is regularly changes hands, capital which regularly changes from one form to another …   English contemporary dictionary

  • circulating capital — /ˌsɜkjəleɪtɪŋ ˈkæpətl/ (say .serkyuhlayting kapuhtl) noun Finance capital which has been used to acquire assets intended to be sold or resold at a profit (opposed to fixed capital) …   Australian English dictionary

  • circulating capital — See capital …   Dictionary of sociology

  • circulating capital — /ˌsɜ:kjυleɪtɪŋ kæpɪt(ə)l/ noun capital in the form of cash or debtors, raw materials, finished products and work in progress which a company requires to carry on its business …   Dictionary of banking and finance

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