Circuit
Circuit Cir"cuit, n. [F. circuit, fr. L. circuitus, fr. circuire or circumire to go around; circum around + ire to go.] 1. The act of moving or revolving around, or as in a circle or orbit; a revolution; as, the periodical circuit of the earth round the sun. --Watts. [1913 Webster]

2. The circumference of, or distance round, any space; the measure of a line round an area. [1913 Webster]

The circuit or compass of Ireland is 1,800 miles. --J. Stow. [1913 Webster]

3. That which encircles anything, as a ring or crown. [1913 Webster]

The golden circuit on my head. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

4. The space inclosed within a circle, or within limits. [1913 Webster]

A circuit wide inclosed with goodliest trees. --Milton. [1913 Webster]

5. A regular or appointed journeying from place to place in the exercise of one's calling, as of a judge, or a preacher. [1913 Webster]

6. (a) (Law) A certain division of a state or country, established by law for a judge or judges to visit, for the administration of justice. --Bouvier. (b) (Methodist Church) A district in which an itinerant preacher labors. [1913 Webster]

7. Circumlocution. [Obs.] ``Thou hast used no circuit of words.'' --Huloet. [1913 Webster]

{Circuit court} (Law), a court which sits successively in different places in its circuit (see {Circuit}, 6). In the United States, the federal circuit courts are commonly presided over by a judge of the supreme court, or a special circuit judge, together with the judge of the district court. They have jurisdiction within statutory limits, both in law and equity, in matters of federal cognizance. Some of the individual States also have circuit courts, which have general statutory jurisdiction of the same class, in matters of State cognizance.

{Circuit of action} or {Circuity of action} (Law), a longer course of proceedings than is necessary to attain the object in view.

{To make a circuit}, to go around; to go a roundabout way.

{Voltaic circle} or {Galvanic circle} or {Voltaic circuit} or {Galvanic circuit}, a continous electrical communication between the two poles of a battery; an arrangement of voltaic elements or couples with proper conductors, by which a continuous current of electricity is established. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • circuit — [ sirkɥi ] n. m. • 1257; circuite n. f. 1220; lat. circuitus, de circuire, circumire « faire le tour » 1 ♦ Vieilli Distance à parcourir pour faire le tour d un lieu. ⇒ contour, périmètre, pourtour, 3. tour. Le parc a quatre kilomètres de circuit …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Circuit — may mean: In science and technology Circuit theory, the theory of accomplishing work by routing electrons, gas, fluids, or other matter through a loop Pneumatic circuit Hydraulic circuit Boolean circuit circuit (computer theory) Integer circuit a …   Wikipedia

  • circuit — cir·cuit n 1 a: a route formerly taken by traveling judges b: a district established within a state or the federal judicial system see also the judicial system in the back matter 2 cap: the court of appeals for a circuit in the federal judicial… …   Law dictionary

  • circuit — CIRCUÍT, circuite, s.n. 1. Ansamblu de fire şi dispozitive bune conducătoare de electricitate care, împreună cu sursa curentului, formează un traseu închis pentru trecerea unui curent. ♢ (electron.; în sintagma) Circuit imprimat = circuit… …   Dicționar Român

  • circuit — CIRCUIT. sub. mas. (Ce mot est de trois syllabes.) Enceinte, tour. Le circuit de la Ville. Faire le circuit des murailles. Le circuit d une Province. Un grand circuit. Un long circuit. Cette Ville a une grande lieue de circuit. [b]f♛/b] On dit… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • circuit — CIRCUIT. s. m. Enceinte, tour. Le circuit de la ville. faire le circuit des murailles. le circuit d une Province. un grand circuit. un long circuit. cette ville a une grande lieüe de circuit. On dit fig. Circuit de paroles, & cela se prend pour… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • circuit — UK US /ˈsɜːkɪt/ noun [C] ► IT a path for an electric current to flow through: »The most advanced chip technology, which uses circuits 65 nanometers apart, loses almost half of its power to leakage. »an electrical/electronic circuit → See also… …   Financial and business terms

  • circuit — [sʉr′kit] n. [ME < OFr < L circuitus, a going around, circuit < circumire < circum (see CIRCUM ) + ire, to go: see YEAR] 1. the line or the length of the line forming the boundaries of an area 2. the area bounded 3. the act of going… …   English World dictionary

  • circuit — (n.) late 14c., from O.Fr. circuit (14c.), from L. circuitus a going around, from stem of circuire, circumire go around, from circum round (see CIRCUM (Cf. circum )) + ire to go (see ION (Cf. ion)). Electrical sense is from 1 …   Etymology dictionary

  • Circuit — (engl., spr. ßörlĭt v. lat. circuitus, »Umkreis«), im engl. Gerichtswesen die Rundreise, die jeder Richter des Obergerichts (High Court of Justice) in Westminster Hall viermal im Jahre zur Abhaltung von Geschwornengerichten in den… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

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