Church Church (ch[^u]rch), n. [OE. chirche, chireche, cherche, Scot. kirk, from AS. circe, cyrice; akin to D. kerk, Icel. kirkja, Sw. kyrka, Dan. kirke, G. kirche, OHG. chirihha; all fr. Gr. kyriako`n the Lord's house, fr. kyriako`s concerning a master or lord, fr. ky`rios master, lord, fr. ky^ros power, might; akin to Skr. [,c][=u]ra hero, Zend. [,c]ura strong, OIr. caur, cur, hero. Cf. {Kirk}.] [1913 Webster] 1. A building set apart for Christian worship. [1913 Webster]

2. A Jewish or heathen temple. [Obs.] --Acts xix. 37. [1913 Webster]

3. A formally organized body of Christian believers worshiping together. ``When they had ordained them elders in every church.'' --Acts xiv. 23. [1913 Webster]

4. A body of Christian believers, holding the same creed, observing the same rites, and acknowledging the same ecclesiastical authority; a denomination; as, the Roman Catholic church; the Presbyterian church. [1913 Webster]

5. The collective body of Christians. [1913 Webster]

6. Any body of worshipers; as, the Jewish church; the church of Brahm. [1913 Webster]

7. The aggregate of religious influences in a community; ecclesiastical influence, authority, etc.; as, to array the power of the church against some moral evil. [1913 Webster]

Remember that both church and state are properly the rulers of the people, only because they are their benefactors. --Bulwer. [1913 Webster]

Note: Church is often used in composition to denote something belonging or relating to the church; as, church authority; church history; church member; church music, etc. [1913 Webster]

{Apostolic church}. See under {Apostolic}.

{Broad church}. See {Broad Church}.

{Catholic church} or {Universal church}, the whole body of believers in Christ throughout the world.

{Church of England}, or {English church}, the Episcopal church established and endowed in England by law.

{Church living}, a benefice in an established church.

{Church militant}. See under {Militant}.

{Church owl} (Zo["o]l.), the white owl. See {Barn owl}.

{Church rate}, a tax levied on parishioners for the maintenance of the church and its services.

{Church session}. See under {Session}.

{Church triumphant}. See under {Triumphant}.

{Church work}, work on, or in behalf of, a church; the work of a particular church for the spread of religion.

{Established church}, the church maintained by the civil authority; a state church. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.


Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Church — may refer to: Contents 1 Religion 2 People 3 Places 4 Popular music 5 Other uses …   Wikipedia

  • church — [ tʃɜrtʃ ] noun *** count or uncount a building that Christians go to in order to worship. Traditional churches usually contain an altar and long wooden seats facing the altar called pews. The place where the priest or MINISTER stands to talk to… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • Church — (iglesia en inglés) puede hacer referencia a: Contenido 1 Apellido 1.1 Personajes 2 Toponimia 3 Música 4 …   Wikipedia Español

  • church — W1S1 [tʃə:tʃ US tʃə:rtʃ] n [: Old English; Origin: cirice, from Late Greek kyriakon, from Greek kyriakos of the lord , from kyrios lord, master ] 1.) a building where Christians go to worship →↑cathedral ▪ a short church service ▪ …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • church — O.E. cirice church, public place of worship, Christians collectively, from W.Gmc. *kirika (Cf. O.S. kirika, O.N. kirkja, O.Fris. zerke, M.Du. kerke, O.H.G. kirihha, Ger. Kirche), from Gk. kyriake (oikia), kyriakon doma Lord s (house), from kyrios …   Etymology dictionary

  • Church — Church, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Churched}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Churching}.] To bless according to a prescribed form, or to unite with in publicly returning thanks in church, as after deliverance from the dangers of childbirth; as, the churching of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • church — [chʉrch] n. [ME chirche, kirke < OE cirice (& ON kirkja < OE) < Gmc * kirika < LGr(Ec) * kyrikē < Gr kyriakē (oikia), Lord s (house) < kyriakos, belonging to the Lord < kyrios, ruler < kyros, supreme power < IE base *… …   English World dictionary

  • church — [n1] religious institution, building abbey, basilica, bethel, cathedral, chancel, chantry, chapel, fold, house of God, house of prayer, house of worship, Lord’s house, minster, mission, mosque, oratory, parish, sacellum, sanctuary, shrine,… …   New thesaurus

  • church — ► NOUN 1) a building used for public Christian worship. 2) (Church) a particular Christian organization with its own distinctive doctrines. 3) institutionalized religion as a political or social force. ORIGIN from Greek kuriakon d ma Lord s house …   English terms dictionary

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