Chromosome
Chromosome Chro"mo*some`, n. [Gr. ? color + ? the body.] (Biol.) One of the minute bodies into which the chromatin of the nucleus is resolved during mitotic cell division; the {idant} of Weismann. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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  • chromosome — [ kromozom ] n. m. • 1889; mot all. 1888, du gr. khrôma « couleur » et sôma « corps », « parce qu [ils] absorbent électivement certaines matières colorantes » (J. Rostand) ♦ Chacun des éléments essentiels du noyau cellulaire, de forme déterminée… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • chromosome — chromosome. См. хромосома. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • Chromosome — Chromosome, s. Pflanzenzelle und Zelle …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • chromosome — 1889, from Ger. Chromosom, coined 1888 by German anatomist Wilhelm von Waldeyer Hartz (1836 1921), from Latinized form of Gk. khroma color (see CHROMA (Cf. chroma)) + soma body. So called because the structures contain a substance that stains… …   Etymology dictionary

  • chromosome — ► NOUN Biology ▪ a thread like structure found in the nuclei of most living cells, carrying genetic information in the form of genes. DERIVATIVES chromosomal adjective. ORIGIN from Greek khr ma colour + s ma body …   English terms dictionary

  • chromosome — [krō′mə sōm΄] n. [ CHROMO + SOME3] any of the microscopic rod shaped bodies formed by the incorporation of the chromatin in a cell nucleus during mitosis and meiosis: they carry the genes that convey hereditary characteristics, and are constant… …   English World dictionary

  • Chromosome — For a non technical introduction to the topic, see Introduction to genetics. Diagram of a replicated and condensed metaphase eukaryotic chromosome. (1) Chromatid – one of the two identical parts of the chromosome after S phase. (2)… …   Wikipedia

  • Chromosome — Description de la structure d’un chromosome. Un chromosome est un élément microscopique constitué de molécules d ADN. Dans les cellules eucaryotes, les chromosomes se trouvent dans le noyau où ils prennent la forme soit d un bâtonnet, soit d un… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • chromosome — chromosomal, adj. chromosomally, adv. /kroh meuh sohm /, n. Genetics. any of several threadlike bodies, consisting of chromatin, that carry the genes in a linear order: the human species has 23 pairs, designated 1 to 22 in order of decreasing… …   Universalium

  • Chromosome — A visible carrier of the genetic information. The 3 billion bp (base pairs) in the human genome are organized into 24 distinct, physically separate microscopic units called chromosomes. All genes are arranged linearly along the chromosomes. The… …   Medical dictionary

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