chinine
Quinine Qui"nine, n. [F. (cf. Sp. quinina), fr. Sp. quina, or quinaquina, Peruvian bark, fr. Peruv. kina, quina, bark. Cf. {Kinic}.] (Chem.) An alkaloid extracted from the bark of several species of cinchona (esp. {Cinchona Calisaya}) as a bitter white crystalline substance, {C20H24N2O2}. Hence, by extension (Med.), any of the salts of this alkaloid, as the acetate, chloride, sulphate, etc., employed as a febrifuge or antiperiodic. Called also {quinia}, {quinina}, etc. [Written also {chinine}.] [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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  • chinine — chininas statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Alkaloidas. formulė C₂₀H₂₄N₂O₂ atitikmenys: angl. chinine; quinine rus. хинин …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • chinină — CHINÍNĂ, chinine, s.f. Alcaloid extras din scoarţa arborelui de chinină, sub formă de substanţă albă, cristalină, cu gust foarte amar, folosit ca medicament contra malariei şi a unor stări febrile; comprimat farmaceutic din această substanţă. –… …   Dicționar Român

  • C20H24N2O2 — Quinine Qui nine, n. [F. (cf. Sp. quinina), fr. Sp. quina, or quinaquina, Peruvian bark, fr. Peruv. kina, quina, bark. Cf. {Kinic}.] (Chem.) An alkaloid extracted from the bark of several species of cinchona (esp. {Cinchona Calisaya}) as a bitter …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Cinchona Calisaya — Quinine Qui nine, n. [F. (cf. Sp. quinina), fr. Sp. quina, or quinaquina, Peruvian bark, fr. Peruv. kina, quina, bark. Cf. {Kinic}.] (Chem.) An alkaloid extracted from the bark of several species of cinchona (esp. {Cinchona Calisaya}) as a bitter …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • quinia — Quinine Qui nine, n. [F. (cf. Sp. quinina), fr. Sp. quina, or quinaquina, Peruvian bark, fr. Peruv. kina, quina, bark. Cf. {Kinic}.] (Chem.) An alkaloid extracted from the bark of several species of cinchona (esp. {Cinchona Calisaya}) as a bitter …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • quinina — Quinine Qui nine, n. [F. (cf. Sp. quinina), fr. Sp. quina, or quinaquina, Peruvian bark, fr. Peruv. kina, quina, bark. Cf. {Kinic}.] (Chem.) An alkaloid extracted from the bark of several species of cinchona (esp. {Cinchona Calisaya}) as a bitter …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Quinine — Qui nine, n. [F. (cf. Sp. quinina), fr. Sp. quina, or quinaquina, Peruvian bark, fr. Peruv. kina, quina, bark. Cf. {Kinic}.] (Chem.) An alkaloid extracted from the bark of several species of cinchona (esp. {Cinchona Calisaya}) as a bitter white… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Hypoglykämie — bezeichnet in der Medizin einen zu niedrigen Blutzuckerspiegel bzw. zu niedrigen Glucoseanteil im Blut (umgangssprachlich auch Unterzucker). Die Symptomatik geht von Unruhe oder Heißhungerattacken über leicht verminderte Hirnleistung über… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • mélanochine — (mé la no ki n ) s. f. Terme de chimie. Produit de décomposition de la quinine par le chlore. ÉTYMOLOGIE    Mélano...., et chinine, quinine …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • bradichinina — bra·di·chi·nì·na s.f. TS biochim. una delle due principali chinine presenti nel plasma sanguigno e in altri tessuti, dotata di effetti vasodilatatori e in grado di provocare l aumento della permeabilità capillare, di contrarre la muscolatura… …   Dizionario italiano

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