Chili salpeter
Saltpeter Salt`pe"ter, Saltpetre Salt`pe"tre,, n. [F. salp[^e]tre, NL. sal petrae, literally, rock salt, or stone salt; so called because it exudes from rocks or walls. See {Salt}, and {Petrify}.] (Chem.) Potassium nitrate; niter; a white crystalline substance, {KNO3}, having a cooling saline taste, obtained by leaching from certain soils in which it is produced by the process of nitrification (see {Nitrification}, 2). It is a strong oxidizer, is the chief constituent of gunpowder, and is also used as an antiseptic in curing meat, and in medicine as a diuretic, diaphoretic, and refrigerant. [1913 Webster]

{Chili salpeter} (Chem.), sodium nitrate (distinguished from potassium nitrate, or true salpeter), a white crystalline substance, {NaNO3}, having a cooling, saline, slightly bitter taste. It is obtained by leaching the soil of the rainless districts of Chili and Peru. It is deliquescent and cannot be used in gunpowder, but is employed in the production of nitric acid. Called also {cubic niter}.

{Saltpeter acid} (Chem.), nitric acid; -- sometimes so called because made from saltpeter. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • cubic niter — Saltpeter Salt pe ter, Saltpetre Salt pe tre,, n. [F. salp[^e]tre, NL. sal petrae, literally, rock salt, or stone salt; so called because it exudes from rocks or walls. See {Salt}, and {Petrify}.] (Chem.) Potassium nitrate; niter; a white… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • KNO3 — Saltpeter Salt pe ter, Saltpetre Salt pe tre,, n. [F. salp[^e]tre, NL. sal petrae, literally, rock salt, or stone salt; so called because it exudes from rocks or walls. See {Salt}, and {Petrify}.] (Chem.) Potassium nitrate; niter; a white… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • NaNO3 — Saltpeter Salt pe ter, Saltpetre Salt pe tre,, n. [F. salp[^e]tre, NL. sal petrae, literally, rock salt, or stone salt; so called because it exudes from rocks or walls. See {Salt}, and {Petrify}.] (Chem.) Potassium nitrate; niter; a white… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Saltpeter — Salt pe ter, Saltpetre Salt pe tre,, n. [F. salp[^e]tre, NL. sal petrae, literally, rock salt, or stone salt; so called because it exudes from rocks or walls. See {Salt}, and {Petrify}.] (Chem.) Potassium nitrate; niter; a white crystalline… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Saltpeter acid — Saltpeter Salt pe ter, Saltpetre Salt pe tre,, n. [F. salp[^e]tre, NL. sal petrae, literally, rock salt, or stone salt; so called because it exudes from rocks or walls. See {Salt}, and {Petrify}.] (Chem.) Potassium nitrate; niter; a white… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Saltpetre — Saltpeter Salt pe ter, Saltpetre Salt pe tre,, n. [F. salp[^e]tre, NL. sal petrae, literally, rock salt, or stone salt; so called because it exudes from rocks or walls. See {Salt}, and {Petrify}.] (Chem.) Potassium nitrate; niter; a white… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Salpetersäure [1] — Salpetersäure HNO3, das Hydrat des Salpetersäureanhydrids, N2O5, ist eine farblose, stechende Dämpfe ausstoßende, ätzende Flüssigkeit, die bei –42° erstarrt und bei 86° siedet; spez. Gew. 1,552 bei 15°. Schon durch die Einwirkung des Lichtes …   Lexikon der gesamten Technik

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  • Geschichte Chiles — Das Gebiet des heutigen Chile ist seit mindestens 12.000 v. Chr. besiedelt. Im 16. Jahrhundert begannen spanische Conquistadores, die Region zu unterwerfen und zu besiedeln, bis Chile im frühen 19. Jahrhundert die Unabhängigkeit von der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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