Chick pea
Pea Pea, n.; pl. {Peas}or {Pease}. [OE. pese, fr. AS. pisa, or OF. peis, F. pois; both fr. L. pisum; cf. Gr. ?, ?. The final s was misunderstood in English as a plural ending. Cf. {Pease}.] 1. (Bot.) A plant, and its fruit, of the genus {Pisum}, of many varieties, much cultivated for food. It has a papilionaceous flower, and the pericarp is a legume, popularly called a pod. [1913 Webster]

Note: When a definite number, more than one, is spoken of, the plural form peas is used; as, the pod contained nine peas; but, in a collective sense, the form pease is preferred; as, a bushel of pease; they had pease at dinner. This distinction is not always preserved, the form peas being used in both senses. [1913 Webster]

2. A name given, especially in the Southern States, to the seed of several leguminous plants (species of {Dolichos}, {Cicer}, {Abrus}, etc.) esp. those having a scar (hilum) of a different color from the rest of the seed. [1913 Webster]

Note: The name pea is given to many leguminous plants more or less closely related to the common pea. See the Phrases, below. [1913 Webster]

{Beach pea} (Bot.), a seashore plant, {Lathyrus maritimus}.

{Black-eyed pea}, a West Indian name for {Dolichos sph[ae]rospermus} and its seed.

{Butterfly pea}, the American plant {Clitoria Mariana}, having showy blossoms.

{Chick pea}. See {Chick-pea}.

{Egyptian pea}. Same as {Chick-pea}.

{Everlasting pea}. See under {Everlasting}.

{Glory pea}. See under {Glory}, n.

{Hoary pea}, any plant of the genus {Tephrosia}; goat's rue.

{Issue pea}, {Orris pea}. (Med.) See under {Issue}, and {Orris}.

{Milk pea}. (Bot.) See under {Milk}.

{Pea berry}, a kind of a coffee bean or grain which grows single, and is round or pea-shaped; often used adjectively; as, pea-berry coffee.

{Pea bug}. (Zo["o]l.) Same as {Pea weevil}.

{Pea coal}, a size of coal smaller than nut coal.

{Pea crab} (Zo["o]l.), any small crab of the genus {Pinnotheres}, living as a commensal in bivalves; esp., the European species ({Pinnotheres pisum}) which lives in the common mussel and the cockle.

{Pea dove} (Zo["o]l.), the American ground dove.

{Pea-flower tribe} (Bot.), a suborder ({Papilionace[ae]}) of leguminous plants having blossoms essentially like that of the pea. --G. Bentham.

{Pea maggot} (Zo["o]l.), the larva of a European moth ({Tortrix pisi}), which is very destructive to peas.

{Pea ore} (Min.), argillaceous oxide of iron, occurring in round grains of a size of a pea; pisolitic ore.

{Pea starch}, the starch or flour of the common pea, which is sometimes used in adulterating wheat flour, pepper, etc.

{Pea tree} (Bot.), the name of several leguminous shrubs of the genus {Caragana}, natives of Siberia and China.

{Pea vine}. (Bot.) (a) Any plant which bears peas. (b) A kind of vetch or tare, common in the United States ({Lathyrus Americana}, and other similar species).

{Pea weevil} (Zo["o]l.), a small weevil ({Bruchus pisi}) which destroys peas by eating out the interior.

{Pigeon pea}. (Bot.) See {Pigeon pea}.

{Sweet pea} (Bot.), the annual plant {Lathyrus odoratus}; also, its many-colored, sweet-scented blossoms. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Chick-pea — ( p[=e] ), n. [See {Chich}.] 1. (Bot.) A Small leguminous plant ({Cicer arietinum}) of Asia, Africa, and the south of Europe; the chich; the dwarf pea; the gram. [1913 Webster] 2. Its nutritious seed, used in cookery, and especially, when roasted …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • chick|pea — «CHIHK PEE», noun. 1. an annual plant of the pea family. Its short, puffy pods contain pealike seeds which are used for food. 2. one of these seeds. ╂[earlier chich pease, an assumed plural < chiche pea < Old French, alteration of cice,… …   Useful english dictionary

  • chick-pea — 1712, false singular back formation from chich pease (1540s), from Fr. pois chiche, from L. cicer pea. For second element, see PEASE (Cf. pease) …   Etymology dictionary

  • chick-pea — sėjamasis avinžirnis statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Pupinių šeimos maistinis, vaistinis kultūrinis augalas (Cicer arietinum). atitikmenys: lot. Cicer arietinum angl. Bengal gram; chick pea; garbanzo; gram vok. Kichererbse pranc. pois… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • chick-pea — ▪ plant also called  Gram, or Garbanzo        (species Cicer arietinum), annual plant of the pea family (Fabaceae), widely grown for its nutritious seeds. The bushy, 60 centimetre (2 foot) plants bear pinnate leaves and small white or reddish… …   Universalium

  • chick pea — garbanzo bean, dwarf pea …   English contemporary dictionary

  • chick-pea — noun (C) a large brown pea which is cooked and eaten; garbanzo …   Longman dictionary of contemporary English

  • Chick-pea — Cicer (E) …   EthnoBotanical Dictionary

  • chick pea — see chickpea …   English dictionary

  • chick-pea — n. 1 a leguminous plant, Cicer arietinum, with short swollen pods containing yellow beaked seeds. 2 this seed used as a vegetable. Etymology: orig. ciche pease f. L cicer: see PEASE …   Useful english dictionary

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