Centaurea
Thistle This"tle, n. [OE. thistil, AS. [thorn]istel; akin to D. & G. distel, OHG. distila, distil, Icel. [thorn]istill, Sw. tistel, Dan. tidsel; of uncertain origin.] (Bot.) Any one of several prickly composite plants, especially those of the genera {Cnicus}, {Craduus}, and {Onopordon}. The name is often also applied to other prickly plants. [1913 Webster]

{Blessed thistle}, {Carduus benedictus}, so named because it was formerly considered an antidote to the bite of venomous creatures.

{Bull thistle}, {Cnicus lanceolatus}, the common large thistle of neglected pastures.

{Canada thistle}, {Cnicus arvensis}, a native of Europe, but introduced into the United States from Canada.

{Cotton thistle}, {Onopordon Acanthium}.

{Fuller's thistle}, the teasel.

{Globe thistle}, {Melon thistle}, etc. See under {Globe}, {Melon}, etc.

{Pine thistle}, {Atractylis gummifera}, a native of the Mediterranean region. A vicid gum resin flows from the involucre.

{Scotch thistle}, either the cotton thistle, or the musk thistle, or the spear thistle; -- all used national emblems of Scotland.

{Sow thistle}, {Sonchus oleraceus}.

{Spear thistle}. Same as {Bull thistle}.

{Star thistle}, a species of {Centaurea}. See {Centaurea}.

{Torch thistle}, a candelabra-shaped plant of the genus Cereus. See {Cereus}.

{Yellow thistle}, {Cincus horridulus}. [1913 Webster]

{Thistle bird} (Zo["o]l.), the American goldfinch, or yellow-bird ({Spinus tristis}); -- so called on account of its feeding on the seeds of thistles. See Illust. under {Goldfinch}.

{Thistle butterfly} (Zo["o]l.), a handsomely colored American butterfly ({Vanessa cardui}) whose larva feeds upon thistles; -- called also {painted lady}.

{Thistle cock} (Zo["o]l.), the corn bunting ({Emberiza militaria}). [Prov. Eng.]

{Thistle crown}, a gold coin of England of the reign of James I., worth four shillings.

{Thistle finch} (Zo["o]l.), the goldfinch; -- so called from its fondness for thistle seeds. [Prov. Eng.]

{Thistle funnel}, a funnel having a bulging body and flaring mouth. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Centaurea — Centaurea …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Centaurea — (del lat. «centaurēa») f. Centaura. * * * centaurea. (Del lat. centaurĕa). f. centaura. * * * Alrededor de 500 ● Centaurea calcitrapa ● Centaurea cyanus ● Centaurea diffusa ● Centaurea iberica ● Centaurea maculosa ● Centaurea montana ● Centaurea… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Centaurea — Cen tau*re a, n. [NL. See {Centaury}.] (Bot.) A large genus of composite plants, related to the thistles and including the cornflower or bluebottle ({Centaurea Cyanus}) and the star thistle ({Centaurea Calcitrapa}). [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • centaurea — (Del lat. centaurĕa). f. centaura …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • centaurea — [sen΄tô′rē ə] n. [ModL < ML centauria, CENTAURY] any of a genus (Centaurea) of annual and perennial plants of the composite family, having egg shaped flower heads, including the star thistles and the bachelor s buttons …   English World dictionary

  • Centaurēa — (C. L.. Flockenblume), Pflanzengattung aus der Familie der Compositae Cy nareae Centaurieae, 19. Kl. 3. Ordn. L., jetzt in viele Gattungen getheilt, da die Zahl der Arten allerdings in die Hunderte ging. Die allgemeinen Kennzeichen sind, ein… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Centaurea — L. (Flockenblume), Gattung der Kompositen, Kräuter, seltener Halbsträucher mit ganzen oder fiederteiligen Blättern, einzeln endständigen oder Doldenrispen bildenden Blütenköpfen und meist kahlen und glatten, etwas zusammengedrückten Achänen. Etwa …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Centaurea — Centaurēa L., Flockenblume, Pflanzengattg. der Kompositen, Kräuter mit roten, gelben, blauen Blüten. Zu letztern gehört die Kornblume (C. cyănus L.), auch Cyane genannt; die rotblühenden heißen Flockenblumen, z.B. C. jacĕa L. (Wiesenflockenblume) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Centaurea — Centaurea, Flockblume, Pflanzengattung aus der natürlichen Familie der Compositae Cynarocephalae, mit sehr vielen Arten, von denen bei uns die Jacea auf Wiesen, die C. Cyanus im Getreide als Kornblume, die C. Scabiosa, Grindkraut häufig vorkommt; …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Centaurea —   [griechisch], die Gattung Flockenblume.   …   Universal-Lexikon

  • centáurea — s. f. Nome de plantas asteráceas e gencianáceas. = CENTAUREIA …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

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