Cayenne pepper
Pepper Pep"per, n. [OE. peper, AS. pipor, L. piper, fr. Gr. ?, ?, akin to Skr. pippala, pippali.] 1. A well-known, pungently aromatic condiment, the dried berry, either whole or powdered, of the {Piper nigrum}. [1913 Webster]

Note: Common, or black, pepper is made from the whole berry, dried just before maturity; white pepper is made from the ripe berry after the outer skin has been removed by maceration and friction. It has less of the peculiar properties of the plant than the black pepper. Pepper is used in medicine as a carminative stimulant. [1913 Webster]

2. (Bot.) The plant which yields pepper, an East Indian woody climber ({Piper nigrum}), with ovate leaves and apetalous flowers in spikes opposite the leaves. The berries are red when ripe. Also, by extension, any one of the several hundred species of the genus {Piper}, widely dispersed throughout the tropical and subtropical regions of the earth. [1913 Webster]

3. Any plant of the genus Capsicum, and its fruit; red pepper; as, the bell pepper. [1913 Webster]

Note: The term pepper has been extended to various other fruits and plants, more or less closely resembling the true pepper, esp. to the common varieties of {Capsicum}. See {Capsicum}, and the Phrases, below. [1913 Webster]

{African pepper}, the Guinea pepper. See under {Guinea}.

{Cayenne pepper}. See under {Cayenne}.

{Chinese pepper}, the spicy berries of the {Xanthoxylum piperitum}, a species of prickly ash found in China and Japan.

{Guinea pepper}. See under {Guinea}, and {Capsicum}.

{Jamaica pepper}. See {Allspice}.

{Long pepper}. (a) The spike of berries of {Piper longum}, an East Indian shrub. (b) The root of {Piper methysticum} (syn. {Macropiper methysticum}) of the family {Piperaceae}. See {Kava}.

{Malaguetta pepper}, or {Meleguetta pepper}, the aromatic seeds of the {Amomum Melegueta}, an African plant of the Ginger family. They are sometimes used to flavor beer, etc., under the name of {grains of Paradise}.

{Red pepper}. See {Capsicum}.

{Sweet pepper bush} (Bot.), an American shrub ({Clethra alnifolia}), with racemes of fragrant white flowers; -- called also {white alder}.

{Pepper box} or {Pepper caster}, a small box or bottle, with a perforated lid, used for sprinkling ground pepper on food, etc.

{Pepper corn}. See in the Vocabulary.

{Pepper elder} (Bot.), a West Indian name of several plants of the Pepper family, species of {Piper} and {Peperomia}.

{Pepper moth} (Zo["o]l.), a European moth ({Biston betularia}) having white wings covered with small black specks.

{Pepper pot}, a mucilaginous soup or stew of vegetables and cassareep, much esteemed in the West Indies.

{Pepper root}. (Bot.). See {Coralwort}.

{pepper sauce}, a condiment for the table, made of small red peppers steeped in vinegar.

{Pepper tree} (Bot.), an aromatic tree ({Drimys axillaris}) of the Magnolia family, common in New Zealand. See {Peruvian mastic tree}, under {Mastic}. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Synonyms:

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  • Cayenne pepper — A large red cayenne Heat Hot Scoville rating 30,000 – 50,000 The cayenne pepper also known as the Guinea spice …   Wikipedia

  • Cayenne pepper — Cayenne Cay*enne, n. [From Cayenne, a town and island in French Guiana, South America.] Cayenne pepper. [1913 Webster] {Cayenne pepper}. (a) (Bot.) A species of {Capsicum} ({Capsicum frutescens}) with small and intensely pungent fruit. (b) A very …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • cayenne (pepper) — [kī en′, kāen′] n. 〚< Tupí kynnha; pop. assoc. with CAYENNE〛 1. a very hot, reddish condiment made from various capsicums 2. a long, conical hot pepper often used to make this condiment 3. the plant (Capsicum frutescens var. longum) on wh …   Universalium

  • cayenne (pepper) — [kī en′, kāen′] n. [< Tupí kynnha; pop. assoc. with CAYENNE] 1. a very hot, reddish condiment made from various capsicums 2. a long, conical hot pepper often used to make this condiment 3. the plant (Capsicum frutescens var. longum) on which… …   English World dictionary

  • cayenne (pepper) — [kī en′, kāen′] n. [< Tupí kynnha; pop. assoc. with CAYENNE] 1. a very hot, reddish condiment made from various capsicums 2. a long, conical hot pepper often used to make this condiment 3. the plant (Capsicum frutescens var. longum) on which… …   English World dictionary

  • Cayenne pepper — vienametė paprika statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Bulvinių šeimos daržovinis, dekoratyvinis, prieskoninis, vaistinis kultūrinis augalas (Capsicum annuum). Iš jo gaminami maisto priedai (dažikliai, kvėpikliai). atitikmenys: lot. Capsicum… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • cayenne pepper — [[t]kaɪe̱n pe̱pə(r)[/t]] N UNCOUNT Cayenne pepper or cayenne is a red powder with a hot taste which is made from dried peppers and is used to flavour food. Season with salt, pepper and a pinch of cayenne …   English dictionary

  • cayenne pepper — cay|enne pep|per [ˌkeıen ˈpepə US ər] n [U] [Date: 1700 1800; Origin: cayan cayenne pepper (1700 1800), from Tupi kyinha; influenced by Cayenne city in French Guiana] the red powder made from a ↑pepper that has a very hot taste …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • cayenne pepper — noun Etymology: by folk etymology from earlier cayan, ultimately modification of Tupi kɨʔɨjá, kɨʔɨnʸá Date: 1756 1. a pungent condiment consisting of the ground dried fruits or seeds of hot peppers 2. hot pepper; especially any of several …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • cayenne pepper — noun 1. plant bearing very hot and finely tapering long peppers; usually red • Syn: ↑cayenne, ↑chili pepper, ↑chilli pepper, ↑long pepper, ↑jalapeno, ↑Capsicum annuum longum • Hypernyms: ↑capsicum …   Useful english dictionary

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