Caustic soda

Caustic soda
Soda So"da, n. [It., soda, in OIt., ashes used in making glass, fr. L. solida, fem. of solidus solid; solida having probably been a name of glasswort. See {Solid}.] 1. (Chem.) (a) Sodium oxide or hydroxide. (b) Popularly, sodium carbonate or bicarbonate. Sodium bicarbonate is also called {baking soda} [1913 Webster]

2. same as {sodium}, used in terms such as {bicarbonate of soda}. [PJC]

3. same as {soda water}. [PJC]

4. a non-alcoholic beverage, sweetened by various means, containing flavoring and supersaturated with carbon dioxide, so as to be effervescent when the container is opened; -- in different localities it is variously called also {soda pop}, {pop}, {mineral water}, and {minerals}. It has many variants. The sweetening agent may be natural, such as cane sugar or corn syrup, or artificial, such as saccharin or aspartame. The flavoring varies widely, popular variants being fruit or cola flavoring. [PJC]

{Caustic soda}, sodium hydroxide.

{Cooking soda}, sodium bicarbonate. [Colloq.]

{Sal soda}. See {Sodium carbonate}, under {Sodium}.

{Soda alum} (Min.), a mineral consisting of the hydrous sulphate of alumina and soda.

{Soda ash}, crude sodium carbonate; -- so called because formerly obtained from the ashes of sea plants and certain other plants, as saltwort ({Salsola}). See under {Sodium}.

{Soda fountain}, an apparatus for drawing soda water, fitted with delivery tube, faucets, etc.

{Soda lye}, a lye consisting essentially of a solution of sodium hydroxide, used in soap making.

{Soda niter}. See {Nitratine}.

{Soda salts}, salts having sodium for the base; specifically, sodium sulphate or Glauber's salts.

{Soda waste}, the waste material, consisting chiefly of calcium hydroxide and sulphide, which accumulates as a useless residue or side product in the ordinary Leblanc process of soda manufacture; -- called also {alkali waste}.

{Washing soda}, sodium carbonate. [Colloq.] [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Caustic soda — Caustic Caus tic, Caustical Caus tic*al, a. [L. caustucs, Ge. ?, fr. ? to burn. Cf. {Calm}, {Ink}.] 1. Capable of destroying the texture of anything or eating away its substance by chemical action; burning; corrosive; searing. [1913 Webster] 2.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • caustic soda — n. SODIUM HYDROXIDE * * * Sodium hydroxide (NaOH), an inorganic compound. The alkalies called caustic soda and caustic potash (potassium hydroxide) are very important industrial chemicals, with uses in the manufacture of soaps, glass, and… …   Universalium

  • caustic soda — n SODIUM HYDROXIDE * * * see sodium hydroxide * * * sodium hydroxide …   Medical dictionary

  • caustic soda — ► NOUN ▪ sodium hydroxide …   English terms dictionary

  • caustic soda — n. SODIUM HYDROXIDE …   English World dictionary

  • caustic soda — noun a strongly alkaline caustic used in manufacturing soap and paper and aluminum and various sodium compounds • Syn: ↑sodium hydroxide • Hypernyms: ↑hydroxide, ↑hydrated oxide, ↑lye * * * noun [noncount] chiefly Brit : ↑lye * * * …   Useful english dictionary

  • caustic soda — Sodium So di*um, n. [NL., fr.E. soda.] (Chem.) A common metallic element of the alkali group, in nature always occuring combined, as in common salt, in albite, etc. It is isolated as a soft, waxy, white, unstable metal, so highly reactive that it …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • caustic soda — natrio hidroksidas statusas T sritis chemija formulė NaOH atitikmenys: angl. caustic soda; sodium hydroxide rus. каустик; каустическая сода; натрий едкий; натрия гидроксид ryšiai: sinonimas – natrio šarmas sinonimas – kaustinė soda …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • caustic soda — N UNCOUNT Caustic soda is a powerful chemical substance used to make strong soaps and clean drains …   English dictionary

  • caustic soda — noun Date: 1796 sodium hydroxide …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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