Adversary Ad`ver*sa*ry, n.; pl. {Adversaries}. [OE. adversarie, direct fr. the Latin, and adversaire, fr. OF. adversier, aversier, fr. L. adversarius (a.) turned toward, (n.) an adversary. See {Adverse}.] One who is turned against another or others with a design to oppose or resist them; a member of an opposing or hostile party; an opponent; an antagonist; an enemy; a foe. [1913 Webster]

His ancient knot of dangerous adversaries. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

Agree with thine adversary quickly. --Matt. v. 25. [1913 Webster]

It may be thought that to vindicate the permanency of truth is to dispute without an adversary. --Beattie. [1913 Webster]

{The Adversary}, The Satan, or the Devil. [1913 Webster]

Syn: {Adversary}, {Enemy}, {Opponent}, {Antagonist}.

Usage: Enemy is the only one of these words which necessarily implies a state of personal hostility. Men may be adversaries, antagonists, or opponents to each other in certain respects, and yet have no feelings of general animosity. An adversary may be simply one who is placed for a time in a hostile position, as in a lawsuit, an argument, in chess playing, or at fence. An opponent is one who is ranged against another (perhaps passively) on the opposing side; as a political opponent, an opponent in debate. An antagonist is one who struggles against another with active effort, either in a literal fight or in verbal debate. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • Adversary — may refer to: In Judeo Christian religion: Satan, whose name means adversary in Hebrew. In computer science: Adversary (cryptography) is a malicious entity in cryptography whose aim is to prevent the users of the cryptosystem from achieving their …   Wikipedia

  • adversary — ad·ver·sary 1 / ad vər ˌser ē/ n: one that contends with or opposes another; esp: any of the opposing parties in a legal action adversary 2 adj: of, relating to, or involving opposing parties or interests; specif: of, relating to, or involving a… …   Law dictionary

  • adversary — (n.) mid 14c., aduersere, from Anglo French adverser (13c.), O.Fr. adversaire adversary, opponent, enemy, or directly from L. adversarius opponent, adversary, rival, noun use of adjective meaning opposite, hostile, contrary, lit. turned toward… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Adversary — Ad ver*sa*ry, a. 1. Opposed; opposite; adverse; antagonistic. [Archaic] Bp. King. [1913 Webster] 2. (Law) Having an opposing party; not unopposed; as, an adversary suit. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • adversary — [ad′vər ser΄ē] n. pl. adversaries [ME < OFr adversarie < L adversarius < adversus, ADVERSE] a person who opposes or fights against another; opponent; enemy adj. of or characterized by opposing parties, as the plaintiff and defendant in a …   English World dictionary

  • adversary — *opponent, antagonist Analogous words: assailant, attacker, assaulter (see corresponding verbs at ATTACK): *enemy, foe: competitor, rival (see corresponding verbs at RIVAL) Antonyms: ally Contrasted words: colleague, *partner: supporter, champion …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • adversary — is stressed on the first syllable …   Modern English usage

  • adversary — [n] opponent antagonist, attacker, bad person, bandit, competitor, contestant, enemy, foe, match, opposer, opposite number*, oppugner, rival; concept 412 Ant. ally, assistant, backer, friend, helper, helpmate, supporter …   New thesaurus

  • adversary — ► NOUN (pl. adversaries) ▪ an opponent. ORIGIN Latin adversarius opposed, opponent …   English terms dictionary

  • adversary — adversariness, n. /ad veuhr ser ee/, n., pl. adversaries, adj. n. 1. a person, group, or force that opposes or attacks; opponent; enemy; foe. 2. a person, group, etc., that is an opponent in a contest; contestant. 3. the Adversary, the devil;… …   Universalium

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