Caste Caste, n. [Pg. casta race, lineage, fr. L. castus pure, chaste: cf. F. caste, of same origin.] 1. One of the hereditary classes into which the Hindu are divided according to the laws of Brahmanism. [1913 Webster]

Note: The members of the same caste are theoretically of equal rank, and same profession or occupation, and may not eat or intermarry with those not of their own caste. The original are four, viz., the Brahmans, or sacerdotal order; the Kshatriyas, or soldiers and rulers; the Vaisyas, or husbandmen and merchants; and the Sudras, or laborers and mechanics. Men of no caste are Pariahs, outcasts. Numerous mixed classes, or castes, have sprung up in the progress of time. [1913 Webster]

2. A separate and fixed order or class of persons in society who chiefly hold intercourse among themselves. [1913 Webster]

The tinkers then formed an hereditary caste. --Macaulay. [1913 Webster]

{To lose caste}, to be degraded from the caste to which one has belonged; to lose social position or consideration. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • caste — caste …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • caste — [ kast ] n. f. • 1659; port. casta (XVIe) « caste hindoue »; fém. de casto « pur » 1 ♦ Classe sociale fermée, observée d abord en Inde. La caste des prêtres (⇒ brahmane) , celles des guerriers, des bourgeois, des artisans. Les parias étaient hors …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • caste — caste; caste·less; in·ter·caste; non·caste; sub·caste; …   English syllables

  • caste — CASTE. s. f. On appelle ainsi Les Tribus dans lesquelles sont divisés les Idolâtres des Indes Orientales. La Caste des Bramines. La Caste des Banians …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • caste — (n.) 1550s, a race of men, from L. castus chaste, from castus pure, cut off, separated, pp. of carere to be cut off from (and related to castration), from PIE *kas to , from root *kes to cut. Application to Hindu social groups picked up by… …   Etymology dictionary

  • caste — [kast, käst] n. [Fr < Port casta, breed, race, caste < L castus, pure, chaste, orig., cut off, separated, pp. of carere, to be cut off from < IE base * k̑es , to cut > MIr cess, spear] 1. any of the distinct, hereditary Hindu social… …   English World dictionary

  • caşte — CÁŞTE s. v. casă. Trimis de siveco, 13.09.2007. Sursa: Sinonime  cáşte s.f. – În tipografie, lumina paginii. germ. Kasten, prin intermediul pol. kaszta, sau al mag. kásta (Cihac, II, 45). Trimis de blaurb, 04.01.2007. Sursa: DER …   Dicționar Român

  • caste — [ka:st US kæst] n [U and C] [Date: 1500 1600; : Portuguese; Origin: casta race , from casto pure , from Latin castus; CHASTE] 1.) one of the fixed social classes, which cannot be changed, into which people are born in India ▪ the caste system 2.) …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Caste — Porté en Provence (84, 13), le nom correspond à l adjectif chaste , sans doute employé comme nom de personne (voir Casto). On ne le confondra pas avec Casté (Sud Ouest), qui est pour sa part une probable variante de Castet (voir ce nom) …   Noms de famille

  • caste — caste. См. каста. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”