Cardinal virtues
Cardinal Car"di*nal, a. [L. cardinalis, fr. cardo the hinge of a door, that on which a thing turns or depends: cf. F. cardinal.] Of fundamental importance; pre["e]minent; superior; chief; principal. [1913 Webster]

The cardinal intersections of the zodiac. --Sir T. Browne. [1913 Webster]

Impudence is now a cardinal virtue. --Drayton. [1913 Webster]

But cardinal sins, and hollow hearts, I fear ye. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

{Cardinal numbers}, the numbers one, two, three, etc., in distinction from first, second, third, etc., which are called {ordinal numbers}.

{Cardinal points} (a) (Geol.) The four principal points of the compass, or intersections of the horizon with the meridian and the prime vertical circle, north, south east, and west. (b) (Astrol.) The rising and setting of the sun, the zenith and nadir.

{Cardinal signs} (Astron.) Aries, Libra, Cancer, and Capricorn.

{Cardinal teeth} (Zo["o]l.), the central teeth of bivalve shell. See {Bivalve}.

{Cardinal veins} (Anat.), the veins in vertebrate embryos, which run each side of the vertebral column and returm the blood to the heart. They remain through life in some fishes.

{Cardinal virtues}, pre["e]minent virtues; among the ancients, prudence, justice, temperance, and fortitude.

{Cardinal winds}, winds which blow from the cardinal points due north, south, east, or west. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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  • Cardinal Virtues — • The four principal virtues upon which the rest of the moral virtues turn or are hinged Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Cardinal Virtues     Cardinal Virtues      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • cardinal virtues — n. the basic virtues of ancient Greek philosophy; justice, prudence, fortitude, and temperance: see also THEOLOGICAL VIRTUES * * * …   Universalium

  • cardinal virtues — n. the basic virtues of ancient Greek philosophy; justice, prudence, fortitude, and temperance: see also THEOLOGICAL VIRTUES …   English World dictionary

  • cardinal virtues — cardinal virtues, prudence, fortitude, temperance, and justice. They were considered by the ancient philosophers to be the basic qualities of a good character. Faith, hope, and charity, which are known as the theological virtues, are often… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Cardinal virtues — Part of a series on St. Thomas Aquinas …   Wikipedia

  • Cardinal virtues — Virtue Vir tue (?; 135), n. [OE. vertu, F. vertu, L. virtus strength, courage, excellence, virtue, fr. vir a man. See {Virile}, and cf. {Virtu}.] 1. Manly strength or courage; bravery; daring; spirit; valor. [Obs.] Shak. [1913 Webster] Built too… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • cardinal virtues — The Platonic cardinal virtues are courage, temperance, wisdom, and justice …   Philosophy dictionary

  • CARDINAL VIRTUES —    these have been arranged by the wisest men of all time, under four general heads, and are defined by Ruskin as Prudence or Discretion (the spirit which discerns and adopts rightly), Justice (the spirit which rules and divides rightly),… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Cardinal Virtues —    See Virtues, The Cardinal …   American Church Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • cardinal virtues —    The word cardinal (from the Latin cardo, meaning hinge or pivot ) is used to describe the four pivotal or major virtues: prudence, justice, fortitude, and temperance. (See CCC 1805) …   Glossary of theological terms

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