Carbon monoxide
Carbon Car"bon (k[aum]r"b[o^]n), n. [F. carbone, fr. L. carbo coal; cf. Skr. [,c]r[=a] to cook.] (Chem.) 1. An elementary substance, not metallic in its nature, which is present in all organic compounds. Atomic weight 11.97. Symbol C. it is combustible, and forms the base of lampblack and charcoal, and enters largely into mineral coals. In its pure crystallized state it constitutes the diamond, the hardest of known substances, occuring in monometric crystals like the octahedron, etc. Another modification is graphite, or blacklead, and in this it is soft, and occurs in hexagonal prisms or tables. When united with oxygen it forms carbon dioxide, commonly called carbonic acid, or carbonic oxide, according to the proportions of the oxygen; when united with hydrogen, it forms various compounds called hydrocarbons. Compare {Diamond}, and {Graphite}. [1913 Webster]

2. (Elec.) A carbon rod or pencil used in an arc lamp; also, a plate or piece of carbon used as one of the elements of a voltaic battery. [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

3. a sheet of carbon paper. [PJC]

4. a carbon copy. [PJC]

{Carbon compounds}, {Compounds of carbon} (Chem.), those compounds consisting largely of carbon, commonly produced by animals and plants, and hence called organic compounds, though their synthesis may be effected in many cases in the laboratory. [1913 Webster]

The formation of the compounds of carbon is not dependent upon the life process. --I. Remsen

{carbon copy}, originally, a copy of a document made by use of a {carbon paper}, but now used generally to refer to any copy of a document made by a mechanical process, such as xerographic copying.

{Carbon dioxide}, {Carbon monoxide}. (Chem.) See under {Carbonic}.

{Carbon light} (Elec.), an extremely brilliant electric light produced by passing a galvanic current through two carbon points kept constantly with their apexes neary in contact.

{Carbon point} (Elec.), a small cylinder or bit of gas carbon moved forward by clockwork so that, as it is burned away by the electric current, it shall constantly maintain its proper relation to the opposing point.

{Carbon paper}, a thin type of paper coated with a dark-colored waxy substance which can be transferred to another sheet of paper underneath it by pressing on the carbon paper. It is used by placing a sheet between two sheets of ordinary writing paper, and then writing or typing on the top sheet, by which process a copy of the writing or typing is transferred to the second sheet below, making a copy without the need for writing or typing a second time. Multiple sheets may be used, with a carbon paper placed above each plain paper to which an impression is to be transferred. In 1997 such paper was still used, particularly to make multiple copies of filled-in purchase invoice forms, but in most applications this technique has been superseded by the more faithful xerographic reproduction and computerized printing processes.

{Carbon tissue}, paper coated with gelatine and pigment, used in the autotype process of photography. --Abney.

{Gas carbon}, a compact variety of carbon obtained as an incrustation on the interior of gas retorts, and used for the manufacture of the carbon rods of pencils for the voltaic, arc, and for the plates of voltaic batteries, etc. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • carbon monoxide — n a colorless odorless very toxic gas CO that burns to carbon dioxide with a blue flame and is formed as a product of the incomplete combustion of carbon * * * a colourless almost odourless gas that is very poisonous. When breathed in it combines …   Medical dictionary

  • carbon monoxide — UK US noun [U] ► ENVIRONMENT a poisonous gas formed when carbon is not burned completely, produced by vehicles and by heating equipment that is not working properly: »carbon monoxide poisoning/buildup/exposure → Compare CARBON DIOXIDE(Cf. ↑carbon …   Financial and business terms

  • carbon monoxide — 1873, so called because it consists of one carbon and one oxygen atom (as opposed to carbon dioxide, which has two of the latter) …   Etymology dictionary

  • carbon monoxide — ► NOUN ▪ a colourless, odourless toxic flammable gas formed by incomplete combustion of carbon …   English terms dictionary

  • carbon monoxide — n. a colorless, odorless, highly poisonous gas, CO, produced by the incomplete combustion of carbonaceous material: it burns with a pale blue flame …   English World dictionary

  • Carbon monoxide — chembox Name = Carbon monoxide ImageFileL1 = Carbon monoxide 2D.svg ImageSizeL1 = 100px ImageNameL1 = Structure of the carbon monoxide molecule ImageFileR1 = Carbon monoxide 3D vdW.png ImageSizeR1 = 120px ImageNameR1 = Space filling model of the… …   Wikipedia

  • carbon monoxide — a colorless, odorless, poisonous gas, CO, that burns with a pale blue flame, produced when carbon burns with insufficient air: used chiefly in organic synthesis, metallurgy, and in the preparation of metal carbonyls, as nickel carbonyl. [1870 75] …   Universalium

  • carbon monoxide — noun an odorless very poisonous gas that is a product of incomplete combustion of carbon • Syn: ↑carbon monoxide gas, ↑CO • Hypernyms: ↑monoxide * * * ˌcarbon monˈoxide [carbon monoxide] [ˌkɑːbən mənˈɒksaɪd] …   Useful english dictionary

  • carbon monoxide — Carbonic Car*bon ic, a. [Cf. F. carbonique. See {Carbon}.] (Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or obtained from, carbon; as, carbonic oxide. [1913 Webster] {Carbonic acid} (Chem.), an acid {HO.CO.OH}, not existing separately, which, combined with positive …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • carbon monoxide — N UNCOUNT Carbon monoxide is a poisonous gas that is produced especially by the engines of vehicles. The limit for carbon monoxide is 4.5 per cent of the exhaust gas …   English dictionary

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