carbolic acid
Phenol Phe"nol, n. [Gr. ? to show + -ol: cf. F. ph['e]nol.] (Chem.) 1. A white or pinkish crystalline substance, {C6H5OH}, produced by the destructive distillation of many organic bodies, as wood, coal, etc., and obtained from the heavy oil from coal tar. [1913 Webster]

Note: It has a peculiar odor, somewhat resembling creosote, which is a complex mixture of phenol derivatives. It is of the type of alcohols, and is called also {phenyl alcohol}, but has acid properties, and hence is popularly called {carbolic acid}, and was formerly called {phenic acid}. It is a powerful caustic poison, and in dilute solution has been used as an antiseptic. [1913 Webster]

2. Any one of the series of hydroxyl derivatives of which phenol proper is the type. [1913 Webster]

{Glacial phenol} (Chem.), pure crystallized phenol or carbolic acid.

{Phenol acid} (Chem.), any one of a series of compounds which are at once derivatives of both phenol and some member of the fatty acid series; thus, salicylic acid is a phenol acid.

{Phenol alcohol} (Chem.), any one of series of derivatives of phenol and carbinol which have the properties of both combined; thus, saligenin is a phenol alcohol.

{Phenol aldehyde} (Chem.), any one of a series of compounds having both phenol and aldehyde properties.

{Phenol phthalein}. See under {Phthalein}. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • carbolic acid — (also carbolic) ► NOUN ▪ phenol, especially when used as a disinfectant …   English terms dictionary

  • Carbolic acid — Car*bol ic ac id (k[aum]r*b[o^]l [i^]k [a^]s [i^]d), n. [L. carbo coal + oleum oil.] (Chem.) same as {phenol[1]}, ({C6H5.OH}). See {phenol[1]}. Syn: phenol[1], hydroxybenzene, phenyl hydroxide, phenic acid. [PJC] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • carbolic acid — [kär bäl′ik] n. [ CARB(O) + OL1 + IC] see PHENOL (sense 1) …   English World dictionary

  • carbolic acid — [[t]kɑː(r)bɒ̱lɪk æ̱sɪd[/t]] N UNCOUNT Carbolic acid or carbolic is a liquid that is used as a disinfectant and antiseptic. Carbolic acid is usually used for cleaning... She was ordered to scrub herself with carbolic soap in cold water …   English dictionary

  • carbolic acid — SYN: phenol. * * * carbolic acid n PHENOL (1) * * * see phenol * * * car·bol·ic ac·id (kahr bolґik) phenol (def. 1) …   Medical dictionary

  • carbolic acid — karbolio rūgštis statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Vandeninis fenolio tirpalas. atitikmenys: angl. carbolic acid rus. карболка; карболовая кислота ryšiai: sinonimas – karbolis …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • carbolic acid — karbolio rūgštis statusas T sritis ekologija ir aplinkotyra apibrėžtis Vandeninis fenolio tirpalas. atitikmenys: angl. carbolic acid vok. Karbolsäure, f rus. карболовая кислота, f …   Ekologijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • carbolic acid — A very poisonous chemical substance made from tar and also found in some plants and essential oils (scented liquid taken from plants). Carbolic acid is used to make plastics, nylon, epoxy, medicines, and to kill germs. Also called phenol …   English dictionary of cancer terms

  • carbolic acid — noun a toxic white soluble crystalline acidic derivative of benzene; used in manufacturing and as a disinfectant and antiseptic; poisonous if taken internally • Syn: ↑phenol, ↑hydroxybenzene, ↑oxybenzene, ↑phenylic acid • Hypernyms: ↑acid,… …   Useful english dictionary

  • carbolic acid — A poisonous acid, obtained from coal tar, and used as an antiseptic, although not as much as formerly …   Ballentine's law dictionary

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