adrenal gland
Capsule Cap"sule (k[a^]p"s[=u]l), n. [L. capsula a little box or chest, fr. capsa chest, case, fr. capere to take, contain: cf. F. capsule.] 1. (Bot.) a dry fruit or pod which is made up of several parts or carpels, and opens to discharge the seeds, as, the capsule of the poppy, the flax, the lily, etc. [1913 Webster]

2. (Chem.) (a) A small saucer of clay for roasting or melting samples of ores, etc.; a scorifier. (b) a small, shallow, evaporating dish, usually of porcelain. [1913 Webster]

3. (Med.) A small cylindrical or spherical gelatinous envelope in which nauseous or acrid doses are inclosed to be swallowed. [1913 Webster]

4. (Anat.) A membranous sac containing fluid, or investing an organ or joint; as, the capsule of the lens of the eye. Also, a capsulelike organ. [1913 Webster]

5. A metallic seal or cover for closing a bottle. [1913 Webster]

6. A small cup or shell, as of metal, for a percussion cap, cartridge, etc. [1913 Webster]

{Atrabiliary capsule}. See under {Atrabiliary}.

{Glisson's capsule}, a membranous envelope, entering the liver along with the portal vessels and insheathing the latter in their course through the organ.

{Suprarenal capsule}, a ductless gland secreting epinephrine, norepinephrine, and steroid hormones, on the upper end of each kidney. It is also called the {adrenal gland}, {glandula suprarenalis}, {suprarenal gland}, {epinephros}, {atrabiliary capsule}, and {adrenal capsule}. [1913 Webster +PJC] ||


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Adrenal gland — Endocrine system Adrenal gland …   Wikipedia

  • adrenal gland — n. either of a pair of endocrine organs lying immediately above the kidney, consisting of an inner medulla which produces epinephrine and norepinephrine and an outer cortex which produces a variety of steroid hormones: see KIDNEY …   English World dictionary

  • adrenal gland — Anat. one of a pair of ductless glands, located above the kidneys, consisting of a cortex, which produces steroidal hormones, and a medulla, which produces epinephrine and norepinephrine. Also called suprarenal gland. See diag. under kidney.… …   Universalium

  • Adrenal gland — One of a pair of small glands, each of which sits on top of one of the kidneys. The adrenal is made up of an outer wall (the cortex) and an inner portion (the medulla). The adrenal glands produce hormones that help control the heart rate, blood… …   Medical dictionary

  • adrenal gland — UK [əˈdriːn(ə)l ˌɡlænd] / US [əˈdrɪn(ə)l ˌɡlænd] noun [countable] Word forms adrenal gland : singular adrenal gland plural adrenal glands medical one of two small organs above your kidneys that produce adrenalin …   English dictionary

  • adrenal gland — noun either of a pair of complex endocrine glands situated near the kidney • Syn: ↑adrenal, ↑suprarenal gland • Derivationally related forms: ↑adrenal (for: ↑adrenal) • Hypernyms: ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • adrenal gland — A small gland that makes steroid hormones, adrenaline, and noradrenaline. These hormones help control heart rate, blood pressure, and other important body functions. There are two adrenal glands, one on top of each kidney. Also called suprarenal… …   English dictionary of cancer terms

  • adrenal gland — noun Date: 1875 either of a pair of complex endocrine organs near the anterior medial border of the kidney consisting of a mesodermal cortex that produces glucocorticoid, mineralocorticoid, and androgenic hormones and an ectodermal medulla that… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • adrenal gland — absent in fishes but said to be present in sculpins (Cottidae). Interrenal cells associated with major blood vessels in the anterior kidney represent adrenal cortical tissue in fishes. Adrenal medullary cells are associated with sympathetic… …   Dictionary of ichthyology

  • adrenal gland — /əˈdrinəl glænd/ (say uh dreenuhl gland) noun → suprarenal gland …   Australian English dictionary

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