cane sugar

cane sugar
Sucrose Su"crose`, n. [F. sucre sugar. See {Sugar}.] (Chem.) A common variety of sugar found in the juices of many plants, as the sugar cane, sorghum, sugar maple, beet root, etc. It is extracted as a sweet, white crystalline substance which is valuable as a food product, and, being antiputrescent, is largely used in the preservation of fruit. Called also {saccharose}, {cane sugar}, etc. At one time the term was used by extension, for any one of the class of isomeric substances (as lactose, maltose, etc.) of which sucrose proper is the type; however this usage is now archaic. [1913 Webster +PJC]

Note: Sucrose proper is a dextrorotatory carbohydrate, {C12H22O11}. It does not reduce Fehling's solution, and though not directly fermentable, yet on standing with yeast it is changed by the diastase present to invert sugar (dextrose and levulose), which then breaks down to alcohol and carbon dioxide. It is also decomposed to invert sugar by heating with acids, whence it is also called a {disaccharate}. Sucrose possesses at once the properties of an alcohol and a ketone, and also forms compounds (called sucrates) analogous to salts. Cf. {Sugar}. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cane sugar — Sugar Sug ar, n. [OE. sugre, F. sucre (cf. It. zucchero, Sp. az[ u]car), fr. Ar. sukkar, assukkar, fr. Skr. [,c]arkar[=a] sugar, gravel; cf. Per. shakar. Cf. {Saccharine}, {Sucrose}.] 1. A sweet white (or brownish yellow) crystalline substance,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • cane sugar — n. sugar (sucrose) obtained from sugar cane …   English World dictionary

  • cane sugar — noun 1. sucrose obtained from sugar cane • Hypernyms: ↑carbohydrate, ↑saccharide, ↑sugar • Hyponyms: ↑demerara 2. sugar from sugarcane used as sweetening agent • Hypernyms: ↑sugar …   Useful english dictionary

  • cane sugar — sacharozė statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Disacharidas, susidedantis iš D gliukozės ir D fruktozės liekanų. formulė C₁₂H₂₂O₁₁ atitikmenys: angl. beet sugar; cane sugar; saccharose; sucrose rus. сахароза; свекловичный сахар; тростниковый… …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • cane sugar — cukranendrių cukrus statusas Aprobuotas sritis cukrus ir sirupas apibrėžtis Kristalinis disacharidas, gaunamas ekstrahuojant cukranendres. atitikmenys: angl. cane sugar vok. Rohrzucker, m pranc. sucre de canne, m šaltinis Lietuvos Respublikos… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • cane sugar — sugar obtained from sugar cane, identical with that obtained from the sugar beet. Cf. sugar (def. 1). [1850 55] * * * …   Universalium

  • cane sugar — cane′ sug ar n. pln sugar obtained from sugarcane, identical with that obtained from the sugar beet Compare sugar 1) • Etymology: 1850–55 …   From formal English to slang

  • cane sugar — sugar made from sugar cane …   English contemporary dictionary

  • cane sugar — sucrose obtained from sugar cane …   Medical dictionary

  • cane sugar — noun Date: 1766 sugar from sugarcane …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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