Calculate
Calculate Cal"cu*late, v. i. [imp. & p. p. {Calculater}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Calculating}.] [L, calculatus, p. p. of calculate, fr. calculus a pebble, a stone used in reckoning; hence, a reckoning, fr. calx, calcis, a stone used in gaming, limestone. See {Calx}.] 1. To ascertain or determine by mathematical processes, usually by the ordinary rules of arithmetic; to reckon up; to estimate; to compute. [1913 Webster]

A calencar exacity calculated than any othe. --North. [1913 Webster]

2. To ascertain or predict by mathematical or astrological computations the time, circumstances, or other conditions of; to forecast or compute the character or consequences of; as, to calculate or cast one's nativity. [1913 Webster]

A cunning man did calculate my birth. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

3. To adjust for purpose; to adapt by forethought or calculation; to fit or prepare by the adaptation of means to an end; as, to calculate a system of laws for the government and protection of a free people. [1913 Webster]

[Religion] is . . . calculated for our benefit. --Abp. Tillotson. [1913 Webster]

4. To plan; to expect; to think. [Local, U. S.]

Syn: To compute; reckon; count; estimate; rate.

Usage: {To Calculate}, {Compute}. {Reckon}, {Count}. These words indicate the means by which we arrive at a given result in regard to quantity. We calculate with a view to obtain a certain point of knowledge; as, to calculate an eclipse. We compute by combining given numbers, in order to learn the grand result. We reckon and count in carrying out the details of a computation. These words are also used in a secondary and figurative sense. ``Calculate is rather a conjection from what is, as to what may be; computation is a rational estimate of what has been, from what is; reckoning is a conclusive conviction, a pleasing assurance that a thing will happen; counting indicates an expectation. We calculate on a gain; we compute any loss sustained, or the amount of any mischief done; we reckon on a promised pleasure; we count the hours and minutes until the time of enjoyment arrives'' --Crabb. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Synonyms:

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• calculate — calculate, compute, estimate, reckon mean to determine something (as cost, speed, or quantity) by mathematical and especially arithmetical processes. Calculate is usually preferred when highly advanced, intricate, or elaborate processes are… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

• calculate — UK US /ˈkælkjəleɪt/ verb [T] ► to find an amount or number using mathematics: calculate according to/based on/on the basis of »Their pension will be calculated on the basis of their earnings and length of service. calculate that »It has been… …   Financial and business terms

• calculate — 1. The meaning ‘to suppose or reckon’, without any reference to working something out, is regional American in origin (19c, eg. I calculate it s pretty difficult to git edication down at Charleston) and is not standard in any variety of English.… …   Modern English usage

• calculate — [kal′kyo͞o lāt΄, kal′kyəlāt΄] vt. calculated, calculating [< L calculatus, pp. of calculare, to reckon < calculus, pebble, stone used in doing arithmetic, dim. of calx, limestone: see CALCIUM] 1. to determine by using mathematics; compute 2 …   English World dictionary

• Calculate — Cal cu*late, v. i. To make a calculation; to forecast consequences; to estimate; to compute. [1913 Webster] The strong passions, whether good or bad, never calculate. F. W. Robertson. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

• calculate — [v1] compute or estimate amount account, add, adjust, appraise, assay, cast, cipher, consider, count, determine, divide, dope out*, enumerate, figure, forecast, foretell, gauge, guess, judge, keep tabs*, measure, multiply, number, rate, reckon,… …   New thesaurus

• calculate — ► VERB 1) determine mathematically. 2) (calculate on) include as an essential element in one s plans. 3) intend (an action) to have a particular effect. DERIVATIVES calculable adjective. ORIGIN Latin calculare count , from calculus small p …   English terms dictionary

• calculate — I verb account, appraise, ascertain mathematically, assess, average out, cast accounts, cipher, computare, compute, consider, count, design, determine, devise, enumerate, estimate, evaluate, figure, figure out, form an estimate, furnish an… …   Law dictionary

• calculate — (v.) 1560s, to compute, to estimate by mathematical means, from L. calculatus, pp. of calculare to reckon, compute, from calculus (see CALCULUS (Cf. calculus)). Meaning to plan, devise is from 1650s. Replaced earlier calculen (mid 14c.), from… …   Etymology dictionary

• calculate — cal|cu|late W3S2 [ˈkælkjuleıt] v [T] [Date: 1500 1600; : Latin; Origin: , past participle of calculare, from calculus stone used in counting ; CALCULUS] 1.) to find out how much something will cost, how long something will take etc, by using… …   Dictionary of contemporary English