Caesalpinia Braziliensis
Brazil wood Bra*zil" wood`, Brazilwood Bra*zil"wood`(br[.a]*z[i^]l" w[oo^]d`). [OE. brasil, LL. brasile (cf. Pg. & Sp. brasil, Pr. bresil, Pr. bresil); perh. from Sp. or Pg. brasa a live coal (cf. {Braze}, {Brasier}); or Ar. vars plant for dyeing red or yellow. This name was given to the wood from its color; and it is said that King Emanuel, of Portugal, gave the name Brazil to the country in South America on account of its producing this wood.] [1913 Webster] 1. The wood of the oriental {C[ae]salpinia Sapan}; -- so called before the discovery of America. [1913 Webster]

2. A very heavy wood of a reddish color, imported from Brazil and other tropical countries, for cabinet-work, and for dyeing. The best is the heartwood of {Caesalpinia echinata}, a leguminous tree; but other trees also yield it. An inferior sort comes from Jamaica, the timber of {Caesalpinia Braziliensis} and {Caesalpinia crista}. This is often distinguished as {Braziletto}, but the better kind is also frequently so named. The wood is also used for violin bows. [1913 Webster]

3. a tropical tree ({Caesalpinia echinata}) with a prickly trunk; its heavy red heartwood (also called brazilwood) yields a red dye and is used for cabinetry.

Syn: peachwood, pernambuco wood. [WordNet 1.5]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Caesalpinia braziliensis — Linnaean name for a tree native to the Middle East whose galls were used in the production of red inks and dyes. Cf. Brasil …   Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases

  • Caesalpinia crista — Brazil wood Bra*zil wood , Brazilwood Bra*zil wood (br[.a]*z[i^]l w[oo^]d ). [OE. brasil, LL. brasile (cf. Pg. & Sp. brasil, Pr. bresil, Pr. bresil); perh. from Sp. or Pg. brasa a live coal (cf. {Braze}, {Brasier}); or Ar. vars plant for dyeing… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Caesalpinia echinata — Brazil wood Bra*zil wood , Brazilwood Bra*zil wood (br[.a]*z[i^]l w[oo^]d ). [OE. brasil, LL. brasile (cf. Pg. & Sp. brasil, Pr. bresil, Pr. bresil); perh. from Sp. or Pg. brasa a live coal (cf. {Braze}, {Brasier}); or Ar. vars plant for dyeing… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Caesalpinia echinata — Brazil wood Bra*zil wood , Brazilwood Bra*zil wood (br[.a]*z[i^]l w[oo^]d ). [OE. brasil, LL. brasile (cf. Pg. & Sp. brasil, Pr. bresil, Pr. bresil); perh. from Sp. or Pg. brasa a live coal (cf. {Braze}, {Brasier}); or Ar. vars plant for dyeing… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Caesalpinia Sapan — Brazil wood Bra*zil wood , Brazilwood Bra*zil wood (br[.a]*z[i^]l w[oo^]d ). [OE. brasil, LL. brasile (cf. Pg. & Sp. brasil, Pr. bresil, Pr. bresil); perh. from Sp. or Pg. brasa a live coal (cf. {Braze}, {Brasier}); or Ar. vars plant for dyeing… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Brazil wood — Bra*zil wood , Brazilwood Bra*zil wood (br[.a]*z[i^]l w[oo^]d ). [OE. brasil, LL. brasile (cf. Pg. & Sp. brasil, Pr. bresil, Pr. bresil); perh. from Sp. or Pg. brasa a live coal (cf. {Braze}, {Brasier}); or Ar. vars plant for dyeing red or yellow …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Braziletto — Brazil wood Bra*zil wood , Brazilwood Bra*zil wood (br[.a]*z[i^]l w[oo^]d ). [OE. brasil, LL. brasile (cf. Pg. & Sp. brasil, Pr. bresil, Pr. bresil); perh. from Sp. or Pg. brasa a live coal (cf. {Braze}, {Brasier}); or Ar. vars plant for dyeing… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Brazilwood — Brazil wood Bra*zil wood , Brazilwood Bra*zil wood (br[.a]*z[i^]l w[oo^]d ). [OE. brasil, LL. brasile (cf. Pg. & Sp. brasil, Pr. bresil, Pr. bresil); perh. from Sp. or Pg. brasa a live coal (cf. {Braze}, {Brasier}); or Ar. vars plant for dyeing… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • brazilwood — /breuh zil wood /, n. 1. any of several tropical trees of the genus Caesalpinia, as C. echinata, having wood from which a red dye is obtained. 2. the wood of such a tree. [1550 60; BRAZIL + WOOD1] * * *       dense, compact dyewood from any of… …   Universalium

  • Brasil — A bright red dye. A source was the tree found in Ceylon and India (*Caesalpinia braziliensis); it was used in the English wool industry until the 15c. A later source was the Caesalpinia tree (Caesalpinia echinata) of South America. In later times …   Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases

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