Phenol Phe"nol, n. [Gr. ? to show + -ol: cf. F. ph['e]nol.] (Chem.) 1. A white or pinkish crystalline substance, {C6H5OH}, produced by the destructive distillation of many organic bodies, as wood, coal, etc., and obtained from the heavy oil from coal tar. [1913 Webster]

Note: It has a peculiar odor, somewhat resembling creosote, which is a complex mixture of phenol derivatives. It is of the type of alcohols, and is called also {phenyl alcohol}, but has acid properties, and hence is popularly called {carbolic acid}, and was formerly called {phenic acid}. It is a powerful caustic poison, and in dilute solution has been used as an antiseptic. [1913 Webster]

2. Any one of the series of hydroxyl derivatives of which phenol proper is the type. [1913 Webster]

{Glacial phenol} (Chem.), pure crystallized phenol or carbolic acid.

{Phenol acid} (Chem.), any one of a series of compounds which are at once derivatives of both phenol and some member of the fatty acid series; thus, salicylic acid is a phenol acid.

{Phenol alcohol} (Chem.), any one of series of derivatives of phenol and carbinol which have the properties of both combined; thus, saligenin is a phenol alcohol.

{Phenol aldehyde} (Chem.), any one of a series of compounds having both phenol and aldehyde properties.

{Phenol phthalein}. See under {Phthalein}. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • C6H5OH — Carbolic acid Car*bol ic ac id (k[aum]r*b[o^]l [i^]k [a^]s [i^]d), n. [L. carbo coal + oleum oil.] (Chem.) same as {phenol[1]}, ({C6H5.OH}). See {phenol[1]}. Syn: phenol[1], hydroxybenzene, phenyl hydroxide, phenic acid. [PJC] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • C6H5OH — Phénol (molécule) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Phénol. Phénol structur …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Карболовая кислота —         C6H5OH, то же, что Фенол; применяется в медицине как антисептическое и дезинфекционное средство …   Большая советская энциклопедия

  • Phenol — This article is about the molecule. For the class of chemicals containing a phenol group, see Phenols. Phenol …   Wikipedia

  • Фенол — Фенол …   Википедия

  • Фенолы — (хим.) представляют ароматические углеводороды (см.), в которых один или несколько атомов водорода бензольного или вообще ароматического ядра замещены гидроксилами (ОН). По числу этих замещающих водород гидроксилов Ф. разделяются на одно , дву ,… …   Энциклопедический словарь Ф.А. Брокгауза и И.А. Ефрона

  • phenol — phenolic /fi noh lik, nol ik/, adj. /fee nawl, nol/, n. Chem. 1. Also called carbolic acid, hydroxybenzene, oxybenzene, phenylic acid. a white, crystalline, water soluble, poisonous mass, C6H5OH, obtained from coal tar, or a hydroxyl derivative… …   Universalium

  • phénol — [ fenɔl ] n. m. • 1843; de phén(o) et ol ♦ Corps composé (C6H5OH), solide cristallisé blanc, soluble dans l eau, corrosif et toxique, à odeur caractéristique, qu on obtient par distillation du goudron de houille ou par synthèse à partir du… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Фенолы —         оксипроизводные ароматических соединений (См. Ароматические соединения), содержащие одну или несколько гидроксильных групп (– OH), связанных с атомами углерода ароматического ядра. По числу ОН групп различают одноатомные Ф., например… …   Большая советская энциклопедия

  • Phosphorus — This article is about the chemical element. For other uses, see Phosphorus (disambiguation). silicon ← phosphorus → sulfur …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”