Dextrose Dex"trose` (d[e^]ks"tr[=o]s`), n. [See {Dexter}.] (Chem.) A sirupy, or white crystalline, variety of sugar, {C6H12O6} (so called from turning the plane of polarization to the right), occurring in many ripe fruits, and also called {glucose}. Dextrose and levulose are obtained by the inversion of cane sugar or sucrose, and hence the mixture is called called invert sugar. Dextrose is chiefly obtained by the action of heat and acids on starch, and hence called also {starch sugar}. It is also formed from starchy food by the action of the amylolytic ferments of saliva and pancreatic juice. [1913 Webster]

Note: The solid products are known to the trade as {grape sugar}; the sirupy products as {glucose}, or {mixing sirup}. These are harmless, but are only about half as sweet as cane sugar or sucrose.

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • C6H12O6 — Galactose Ga*lac tose, n. (Chem.) A white, crystalline sugar, {C6H12O6}, isomeric with dextrose, obtained by the decomposition of milk sugar, and also from certain gums. When oxidized it forms mucic acid. Called also {lactose} (though it is not… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • C6H12O6 — inositol i*no si*tol ([i^]*n[o^]s [i^]*t[o^]l), n. [Gr. i s, ino s, strength, muscle.] (Physiol. Chem.) A white crystalline substance ({C6H12O6}) with a sweet taste, widely distributed in certain animal tissues and fluids, particularly in the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • C6H12O6 — Levulose Lev u*lose (l[e^]v [ u]*l[=o]s ), n. [See {Levo }.] (Chem.) A sirupy variety of sugar, rarely obtained crystallized, occurring widely in honey, ripe fruits, etc., and hence called also {fruit sugar}; also called {fructose}. Chemical… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • C6H12O6 — Sugar Sug ar, n. [OE. sugre, F. sucre (cf. It. zucchero, Sp. az[ u]car), fr. Ar. sukkar, assukkar, fr. Skr. [,c]arkar[=a] sugar, gravel; cf. Per. shakar. Cf. {Saccharine}, {Sucrose}.] 1. A sweet white (or brownish yellow) crystalline substance,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • C6H12O6 — Carbohydrate Car bo*hy drate, n. [Carbon + hydrate.] (Physiol. Chem.) One of a group of compounds including the sugars, starches, and gums, which contain six (or some multiple of six) carbon atoms, united with a variable number of hydrogen and… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • C6H12O6 — The molecular formula C6H12O6 may refer to: * Hexoses **Allose **Altrose **Fructose **Galactose **Glucose **Gulose **Idose **Mannose **Psicose **Sorbose **Tagatose **Talose * Inositol …   Wikipedia

  • C6H12O6 —      Cette page répertorie différents isomères, c’est à dire les molécules qui partagent la même formule brute. C6H12 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • C6H12O6 — …   Википедия

  • allose — C6H12O6; an aldohexose. d A. is epimeric with d glucose. * * * al·lose al .ōs n a synthetic sugar C6H12O6 stereoisomeric with glucose and epimeric with altrose * * * al·lose (alґōs) an aldohexose epimeric with glucose at carbon 3 …   Medical dictionary

  • Сорбиноза — C6H12O6, сорбин, или сорбоза, получается брожением сока ягод рябины под влиянием специфической бактерий. С. можно получить также брожением сорбита и сока фруктов, содержащих в своем составе сорбит (Бертран). См. Глюкозы. К. К. Δ …   Энциклопедический словарь Ф.А. Брокгауза и И.А. Ефрона

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