C36H56O14
digitalin dig"i*ta`lin, n. [Cf. F. digitaline.] (a) (Medicine, Pharmacy) Any one of several extracts of foxglove ({Digitalis}), as the ``French extract,'' the ``German extract,'' etc., which differ among themselves in composition and properties. Both {Digitalis lanata} and {Digitalis purpurea} have been used to prepare such extracts. (b) (Chem.) the distinctive chemical substance, a steroid glycoside, which is the essential ingredient of the extracts of foxglove. It is a white, crystalline substance ({C36H56O14}), and is a 3-substituted diglucoside of a steroid. It is a powerful cardiac stimulant and is used as a cardiotonic for treatment of certain heart conditions, such as congestive heart failure. Chemically it is

(3[beta],5[beta],16[beta])-3-[6-Deoxy-4-O-[beta]-D-glucopyranosyl-3-O-methyl-[beta]-D-galactopyranosyl)oxy]-14,16-dihyroxy-card-20 (22)-enolide. The related compounds {digitoxin} and {digoxin} are also extracted from the foxglove. The class of steroid glycosides having cardiotonic properties are refered to as the cardiac glycosides. --MI11

Syn: digitalinum verum, Diginorgin, Schmiedeberg's digitalin, digitalis, digitalis glycoside. [1913 Webster +PJC]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • digitalin — A standardized mixture of digitalis glycosides used as a cardiotonic in the treatment of congestive heart failure. crystalline d. SYN: digitoxin. * * * dig·i·tal·in .dij ə tal ənalso tāl n …   Medical dictionary

  • digitalin — dig i*ta lin, n. [Cf. F. digitaline.] (a) (Medicine, Pharmacy) Any one of several extracts of foxglove ({Digitalis}), as the French extract, the German extract, etc., which differ among themselves in composition and properties. Both {Digitalis… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Digitalis lanata — digitalin dig i*ta lin, n. [Cf. F. digitaline.] (a) (Medicine, Pharmacy) Any one of several extracts of foxglove ({Digitalis}), as the French extract, the German extract, etc., which differ among themselves in composition and properties. Both… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Digitalis purpurea — digitalin dig i*ta lin, n. [Cf. F. digitaline.] (a) (Medicine, Pharmacy) Any one of several extracts of foxglove ({Digitalis}), as the French extract, the German extract, etc., which differ among themselves in composition and properties. Both… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • digitalin — noun Etymology: New Latin Digitalis Date: 1837 1. a white crystalline steroid glycoside C36H56O14 obtained from seeds especially of the common foxglove 2. a mixture of the glycosides of digitalis …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • digitalin — [dij΄i tal′in; ] also [, dij΄itā′lin] n. [< DIGITALIS + IN1] a poisonous, crystalline glycoside, C36H56O14, obtained from the seed of the digitalis …   English World dictionary

  • dig|i|tal|in — «DIHJ uh TAL ihn, TAY lihn», noun. 1. a poisonous, crystalline glycoside obtained from the seeds of a common European fox glove. Formula: C36H56O14 2. a mixture of glycosides obtained from the seeds of this foxglove …   Useful english dictionary

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