By reason of
Reason Rea"son (r[=e]"z'n), n. [OE. resoun, F. raison, fr. L. ratio (akin to Goth. ra[thorn]j[=o] number, account, gara[thorn]jan to count, G. rede speech, reden to speak), fr. reri, ratus, to reckon, believe, think. Cf. {Arraign}, {Rate}, {Ratio}, {Ration}.] 1. A thought or a consideration offered in support of a determination or an opinion; a just ground for a conclusion or an action; that which is offered or accepted as an explanation; the efficient cause of an occurrence or a phenomenon; a motive for an action or a determination; proof, more or less decisive, for an opinion or a conclusion; principle; efficient cause; final cause; ground of argument. [1913 Webster]

I'll give him reasons for it. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

The reason of the motion of the balance in a wheel watch is by the motion of the next wheel. --Sir M. Hale. [1913 Webster]

This reason did the ancient fathers render, why the church was called ``catholic.'' --Bp. Pearson. [1913 Webster]

Virtue and vice are not arbitrary things; but there is a natural and eternal reason for that goodness and virtue, and against vice and wickedness. --Tillotson. [1913 Webster]

2. The faculty or capacity of the human mind by which it is distinguished from the intelligence of the inferior animals; the higher as distinguished from the lower cognitive faculties, sense, imagination, and memory, and in contrast to the feelings and desires. Reason comprises conception, judgment, reasoning, and the intuitional faculty. Specifically, it is the intuitional faculty, or the faculty of first truths, as distinguished from the understanding, which is called the discursive or ratiocinative faculty. [1913 Webster]

We have no other faculties of perceiving or knowing anything divine or human, but by our five senses and our reason. --P. Browne. [1913 Webster]

In common and popular discourse, reason denotes that power by which we distinguish truth from falsehood, and right from wrong, and by which we are enabled to combine means for the attainment of particular ends. --Stewart. [1913 Webster]

Reason is used sometimes to express the whole of those powers which elevate man above the brutes, and constitute his rational nature, more especially, perhaps, his intellectual powers; sometimes to express the power of deduction or argumentation. --Stewart. [1913 Webster]

By the pure reason I mean the power by which we become possessed of principles. --Coleridge. [1913 Webster]

The sense perceives; the understanding, in its own peculiar operation, conceives; the reason, or rationalized understanding, comprehends. --Coleridge. [1913 Webster]

3. Due exercise of the reasoning faculty; accordance with, or that which is accordant with and ratified by, the mind rightly exercised; right intellectual judgment; clear and fair deductions from true principles; that which is dictated or supported by the common sense of mankind; right conduct; right; propriety; justice. [1913 Webster]

I was promised, on a time, To have reason for my rhyme. --Spenser. [1913 Webster]

But law in a free nation hath been ever public reason; the enacted reason of a parliament, which he denying to enact, denies to govern us by that which ought to be our law; interposing his own private reason, which to us is no law. --Milton. [1913 Webster]

The most probable way of bringing France to reason would be by the making an attempt on the Spanish West Indies. --Addison. [1913 Webster]

4. (Math.) Ratio; proportion. [Obs.] --Barrow. [1913 Webster]

{By reason of}, by means of; on account of; because of. ``Spain is thin sown of people, partly by reason of the sterility of the soil.'' --Bacon.

{In reason},

{In all reason}, in justice; with rational ground; in a right view. [1913 Webster]

When anything is proved by as good arguments as a thing of that kind is capable of, we ought not, in reason, to doubt of its existence. --Tillotson. [1913 Webster]

{It is reason}, it is reasonable; it is right. [Obs.] [1913 Webster]

Yet it were great reason, that those that have children should have greatest care of future times. --Bacon. [1913 Webster]

Syn: Motive; argument; ground; consideration; principle; sake; account; object; purpose; design. See {Motive}, {Sense}. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • by virtue of — also[in virtue of] {prep.} On the strength of; because of; by reason of. * /By virtue of his high rank and position, the President takes social leadership over almost everyone else./ * /Plastic bags are useful for holding many kinds of food, by… …   Dictionary of American idioms

  • by virtue of — also[in virtue of] {prep.} On the strength of; because of; by reason of. * /By virtue of his high rank and position, the President takes social leadership over almost everyone else./ * /Plastic bags are useful for holding many kinds of food, by… …   Dictionary of American idioms

  • The Reason of Church-Government Urged against Prelaty — is an essay by English poet John Milton distributed as one of a series of religious pamphlets by the writer. Published in 1642, the political work details Milton s preference for a Presbyterian approach to the Church of England over approaches… …   Wikipedia

  • Skywriting by Word of Mouth — is the third, and last, book written by John Lennon. Subtitled and Other Writings Including the Ballad of John and Yoko , it was published posthumously in 1986 and included an afterword by his widow, Yoko Ono. Like his other works, it contains… …   Wikipedia

  • The Reason of State — (Italian: Della Ragion di Stato) is a work of political philosophy by Italian Jesuit Giovanni Botero. It was first published in Venice in 1589, and is most notable for criticizing methods of statecraft associated with Machiavelli and presenting… …   Wikipedia

  • Video games censored by Nintendo of America — Nintendo of America has gained notoriety for its formerly strict censorship policy, particularly with regard to video games bearing religious symbols (for instance pentagrams), violence, profanity and so forth. The reason for this policy is… …   Wikipedia

  • Reason — Rea son (r[=e] z n), n. [OE. resoun, F. raison, fr. L. ratio (akin to Goth. ra[thorn]j[=o] number, account, gara[thorn]jan to count, G. rede speech, reden to speak), fr. reri, ratus, to reckon, believe, think. Cf. {Arraign}, {Rate}, {Ratio},… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Reason — Rea son, v. t. 1. To arrange and present the reasons for or against; to examine or discuss by arguments; to debate or discuss; as, I reasoned the matter with my friend. [1913 Webster] When they are clearly discovered, well digested, and well… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • By Love Possessed — is a novel by James Gould Cozzens. It was published in 1957 by Harcourt Brace and Company. The novel was a bestseller and critically acclaimed. It was awarded the Howells prize, an award given every five years to the best novel of the previous 5… …   Wikipedia

  • Of Mice and Men — For other uses, see Of Mice and Men (disambiguation). Of Mice and Men …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”