Butea frondosa
Gum Gum, n. [OE. gomme, gumme, F. gomme, L. gummi and commis, fr. Gr. ?, prob. from an Egyptian form kam?; cf. It. {gomma}.] 1. A vegetable secretion of many trees or plants that hardens when it exudes, but is soluble in water; as, gum arabic; gum tragacanth; the gum of the cherry tree. Also, with less propriety, exudations that are not soluble in water; as, gum copal and gum sandarac, which are really resins. [1913 Webster]

2. (Bot.) See {Gum tree}, {below}. [1913 Webster]

3. A hive made of a section of a hollow gum tree; hence, any roughly made hive; also, a vessel or bin made of a hollow log. [Southern U. S.] [1913 Webster]

4. A rubber overshoe. [Local, U. S.] [1913 Webster]

{Black gum}, {Blue gum}, {British gum}, etc. See under {Black}, {Blue}, etc.

{Gum Acaroidea}, the resinous gum of the Australian grass tree ({Xanlhorrh[oe]a}).

{Gum animal} (Zo["o]l.), the galago of West Africa; -- so called because it feeds on gums. See {Galago}.

{Gum animi or anim['e]}. See {Anim['e]}.

{Gum arabic}, a gum yielded mostly by several species of {Acacia} (chiefly {A. vera} and {A. Arabica}) growing in Africa and Southern Asia; -- called also {gum acacia}. East Indian gum arabic comes from a tree of the Orange family which bears the elephant apple.

{Gum butea}, a gum yielded by the Indian plants {Butea frondosa} and {B. superba}, and used locally in tanning and in precipitating indigo.

{Gum cistus}, a plant of the genus {Cistus} ({Cistus ladaniferus}), a species of rock rose.

{Gum dragon}. See {Tragacanth}.

{Gum elastic}, {Elastic gum}. See {Caoutchouc}.

{Gum elemi}. See {Elemi}.

{Gum juniper}. See {Sandarac}.

{Gum kino}. See under {Kino}.

{Gum lac}. See {Lac}.

{Gum Ladanum}, a fragrant gum yielded by several Oriental species of Cistus or rock rose.

{Gum passages}, sap receptacles extending through the parenchyma of certain plants ({Amygdalace[ae]}, {Cactace[ae]}, etc.), and affording passage for gum.

{Gum pot}, a varnish maker's utensil for melting gum and mixing other ingredients.

{Gum resin}, the milky juice of a plant solidified by exposure to air; one of certain inspissated saps, mixtures of, or having properties of, gum and resin; a resin containing more or less mucilaginous and gummy matter.

{Gum sandarac}. See {Sandarac}.

{Gum Senegal}, a gum similar to gum arabic, yielded by trees ({Acacia Verek} and {A. Adansoni["a]}) growing in the Senegal country, West Africa.

{Gum tragacanth}. See {Tragacanth}.

{Gum water}, a solution of gum, esp. of gum arabic, in water.

{Gum wood}, the wood of any gum tree, esp. the wood of the {Eucalyptus piperita}, of New South Wales. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Butea frondosa — Pulas Pu las, n. [Skr. pal[=a][,c]a.] (Bot.) The East Indian leguminous tree {Butea frondosa}. See {Gum Butea}, under {Gum}. [Written also {pales} and {palasa}.] [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Butea frondosa — noun East Indian tree bearing a profusion of intense vermilion velvet textured blooms and yielding a yellow dye • Syn: ↑dhak, ↑dak, ↑palas, ↑Butea monosperma • Hypernyms: ↑tree • Member Holonyms: ↑Butea, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Butea — is also a commune in Iaşi County, Romania, see Butea, Iaşi. Taxobox name = Butea image caption = Butea monosperma image width = 250px regnum = Plantae divisio = Magnoliophyta classis = Magnoliopsida ordo = Fabales familia = Fabaceae subfamilia =… …   Wikipedia

  • Butea monosperma — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda ? Butea monosperma En Bangalore, India …   Wikipedia Español

  • Butea monosperma — Taxobox name = Butea monosperma image width = 240px image caption = In Bangalore, India regnum = Plantae divisio = Magnoliophyta classis = Magnoliopsida ordo = Fabales familia = Fabaceae subfamilia = genus = Butea species = B. monosperma binomial …   Wikipedia

  • Butea — noun genus of East Indian trees or shrubs: dhak • Syn: ↑genus Butea • Hypernyms: ↑rosid dicot genus • Member Holonyms: ↑Papilionoideae, ↑subfamily Papilionoideae …   Useful english dictionary

  • Butea monosperma — noun East Indian tree bearing a profusion of intense vermilion velvet textured blooms and yielding a yellow dye • Syn: ↑dhak, ↑dak, ↑palas, ↑Butea frondosa • Hypernyms: ↑tree • Member Holonyms: ↑Butea, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Butĕa — (B. Roxb.), Pflanzengattung, benannt nach dem Vor., aus der Familie der Schmetterlingsblüthigen (Papilionaceae Phaseoleae Erythrineae), Diadelphie Dekandrie L.; Arten: B. frondosa, mäßig hoher Baum, mit orangerothen, traubenständigen Blüthen, 6–8 …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Butĕa — Roxb., Gattung der Leguminosen, Bäume oder kletternde, filzige Sträucher mit dreizähligen Blättern, großen, gelben oder roten Blüten in dicht gebüschelten Ähren, Trauben oder Rispen und im untern Teil flachen, häutigen, einsamigen Hülsen. 3 Arten …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Butea — Butĕa Roxb., Pflanzengattg. der Leguminosen, 3 trop. asiat. Arten; B. frondōsa Roxb. und superba Roxb., Ostindien, liefern in ihrem roten Safte Kino (s.d.) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

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