Burnt
Burn Burn (b[^u]rn), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Burned} (b[^u]rnd) or {Burnt} (b[^u]rnt); p. pr. & vb. n. {Burning}.] [OE. bernen, brennen, v. t., early confused with beornen, birnen, v. i., AS. b[ae]rnan, bernan, v. t., birnan, v. i.; akin to OS. brinnan, OFries. barna, berna, OHG. brinnan, brennan, G. brennen, OD. bernen, D. branden, Dan. br[ae]nde, Sw. br["a]nna, brinna, Icel. brenna, Goth. brinnan, brannjan (in comp.), and possibly to E. fervent.] 1. To consume with fire; to reduce to ashes by the action of heat or fire; -- frequently intensified by up: as, to burn up wood. ``We'll burn his body in the holy place.'' --Shak. [1913 Webster]

2. To injure by fire or heat; to change destructively some property or properties of, by undue exposure to fire or heat; to scorch; to scald; to blister; to singe; to char; to sear; as, to burn steel in forging; to burn one's face in the sun; the sun burns the grass. [1913 Webster]

3. To perfect or improve by fire or heat; to submit to the action of fire or heat for some economic purpose; to destroy or change some property or properties of, by exposure to fire or heat in due degree for obtaining a desired residuum, product, or effect; to bake; as, to burn clay in making bricks or pottery; to burn wood so as to produce charcoal; to burn limestone for the lime. [1913 Webster]

4. To make or produce, as an effect or result, by the application of fire or heat; as, to burn a hole; to burn charcoal; to burn letters into a block. [1913 Webster]

5. To consume, injure, or change the condition of, as if by action of fire or heat; to affect as fire or heat does; as, to burn the mouth with pepper. [1913 Webster]

This tyrant fever burns me up. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

This dry sorrow burns up all my tears. --Dryden. [1913 Webster]

When the cold north wind bloweth, . . . it devoureth the mountains, and burneth the wilderness, and consumeth the ??ass as fire. --Ecclus. xliii. 20, 21. [1913 Webster]

6. (Surg.) To apply a cautery to; to cauterize. [1913 Webster]

7. (Chem.) To cause to combine with oxygen or other active agent, with evolution of heat; to consume; to oxidize; as, a man burns a certain amount of carbon at each respiration; to burn iron in oxygen. [1913 Webster]

{To burn}, {To burn together}, as two surfaces of metal (Engin.), to fuse and unite them by pouring over them a quantity of the same metal in a liquid state.

{To burn a bowl} (Game of Bowls), to displace it accidentally, the bowl so displaced being said to be burned.

{To burn daylight}, to light candles before it is dark; to waste time; to perform superfluous actions. --Shak.

{To burn one's fingers}, to get one's self into unexpected trouble, as by interfering the concerns of others, speculation, etc.

{To burn out}, (a) to destroy or obliterate by burning. ``Must you with hot irons burn out mine eyes?'' --Shak. (b) to force (people) to flee by burning their homes or places of business; as, the rioters burned out the Chinese businessmen.

{To be burned out}, to suffer loss by fire, as the burning of one's house, store, or shop, with the contents.

{To burn up}, {To burn down}, to burn entirely. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Burnt — Burnt, p. p. & a. Consumed with, or as with, fire; scorched or dried, as with fire or heat; baked or hardened in the fire or the sun. [1913 Webster] {Burnt ear}, a black, powdery fungus which destroys grain. See {Smut}. {Burnt offering},… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • burnt — burnt, burned These two forms for the past tense and past participle of burn are largely interchangeable, but burned is more common as the active past (She burned her hand on the kettle / She has burned her hand); in the passive, burnt is more… …   Modern English usage

  • burnt — burnt; un·burnt; …   English syllables

  • burnt — [bʉrnt] vt., vi. alt. pt. & pp. of BURN1 adj. that has been burned …   English World dictionary

  • burnt — burnt1 [bə:nt US bə:rnt] v especially BrE the past tense and past participle of ↑burn burnt 2 burnt2 S3 adj 1.) damaged or hurt by burning ▪ burnt toast 2.) burnt offering a) something that is offered as a gift to a god by bei …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • burnt — 1 the past tense and past participle of burn 1 2 adjective 1 damaged or hurt by burning: The cake s a little bit burnt, I m afraid. 2 burnt offering a) something that is offered as a gift to a god by being burnt on an altar (1) b) humorous food… …   Longman dictionary of contemporary English

  • burnt — /berrnt/, v. 1. a pt. and pp. of burn. adj. 2. Fine Arts. a. of or showing earth pigments that have been calcined and changed to a deeper and warmer color: burnt ocher. b. of or showing colors having a deeper or grayer hue than is usually… …   Universalium

  • burnt — 1) n British glass. The term is a shortened form of the London rhyming slang burnt grass , meaning glass, or burnt cinder , mean ing winder (window). It is used in the jargon of criminals and glaziers, decora tors, etc. to refer to glass panels… …   Contemporary slang

  • burnt — I UK [bɜː(r)nt] / US [bɜrnt] adjective injured or damaged by burning His face was badly burnt. burnt sausages II UK / US a past tense and past participle of burn I …   English dictionary

  • burnt — /bɜnt / (say bernt) verb 1. a past tense and past participle of burn1. –phrase 2. burnt out, a. (of a building, etc.) gutted. b. (of countryside, bush, etc.) blackened or destroyed by fire, especially bushfire. c. (of a person) lacking energy or… …   Australian English dictionary

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