Burned
Burn Burn (b[^u]rn), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Burned} (b[^u]rnd) or {Burnt} (b[^u]rnt); p. pr. & vb. n. {Burning}.] [OE. bernen, brennen, v. t., early confused with beornen, birnen, v. i., AS. b[ae]rnan, bernan, v. t., birnan, v. i.; akin to OS. brinnan, OFries. barna, berna, OHG. brinnan, brennan, G. brennen, OD. bernen, D. branden, Dan. br[ae]nde, Sw. br["a]nna, brinna, Icel. brenna, Goth. brinnan, brannjan (in comp.), and possibly to E. fervent.] 1. To consume with fire; to reduce to ashes by the action of heat or fire; -- frequently intensified by up: as, to burn up wood. ``We'll burn his body in the holy place.'' --Shak. [1913 Webster]

2. To injure by fire or heat; to change destructively some property or properties of, by undue exposure to fire or heat; to scorch; to scald; to blister; to singe; to char; to sear; as, to burn steel in forging; to burn one's face in the sun; the sun burns the grass. [1913 Webster]

3. To perfect or improve by fire or heat; to submit to the action of fire or heat for some economic purpose; to destroy or change some property or properties of, by exposure to fire or heat in due degree for obtaining a desired residuum, product, or effect; to bake; as, to burn clay in making bricks or pottery; to burn wood so as to produce charcoal; to burn limestone for the lime. [1913 Webster]

4. To make or produce, as an effect or result, by the application of fire or heat; as, to burn a hole; to burn charcoal; to burn letters into a block. [1913 Webster]

5. To consume, injure, or change the condition of, as if by action of fire or heat; to affect as fire or heat does; as, to burn the mouth with pepper. [1913 Webster]

This tyrant fever burns me up. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

This dry sorrow burns up all my tears. --Dryden. [1913 Webster]

When the cold north wind bloweth, . . . it devoureth the mountains, and burneth the wilderness, and consumeth the ??ass as fire. --Ecclus. xliii. 20, 21. [1913 Webster]

6. (Surg.) To apply a cautery to; to cauterize. [1913 Webster]

7. (Chem.) To cause to combine with oxygen or other active agent, with evolution of heat; to consume; to oxidize; as, a man burns a certain amount of carbon at each respiration; to burn iron in oxygen. [1913 Webster]

{To burn}, {To burn together}, as two surfaces of metal (Engin.), to fuse and unite them by pouring over them a quantity of the same metal in a liquid state.

{To burn a bowl} (Game of Bowls), to displace it accidentally, the bowl so displaced being said to be burned.

{To burn daylight}, to light candles before it is dark; to waste time; to perform superfluous actions. --Shak.

{To burn one's fingers}, to get one's self into unexpected trouble, as by interfering the concerns of others, speculation, etc.

{To burn out}, (a) to destroy or obliterate by burning. ``Must you with hot irons burn out mine eyes?'' --Shak. (b) to force (people) to flee by burning their homes or places of business; as, the rioters burned out the Chinese businessmen.

{To be burned out}, to suffer loss by fire, as the burning of one's house, store, or shop, with the contents.

{To burn up}, {To burn down}, to burn entirely. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • burned — burned; side·burned; un·burned; …   English syllables

  • Burned — Burned, p. p. & a. See {Burnt}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Burned — Burned, p. p. Burnished. [Obs.] Chaucer. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • burned — 1. mod. cheated; betrayed. □ Man, did I get burned in that place! □ We sure got burned on that deal. 2. mod. disappointed; humiliated; put down. □ Whenever we rap, you’re never happy till I’m burned. □ …   Dictionary of American slang and colloquial expressions

  • burned — burnt, burned These two forms for the past tense and past participle of burn are largely interchangeable, but burned is more common as the active past (She burned her hand on the kettle / She has burned her hand); in the passive, burnt is more… …   Modern English usage

  • burned — adjective 1. treated by heating to a high temperature but below the melting or fusing point burnt sienna • Syn: ↑burnt • Similar to: ↑treated 2. destroyed or badly damaged by fire a row of burned houses a charred bit of bur …   Useful english dictionary

  • burned —   Pau ahi, wela, welawela, pāpa a, kunia;    ♦ burned completely, puhi pau;    ♦ burned, as a kukui nut candle, kōkolikoli.   Also: pāwela, pāpa apū, pāpa a wela. See sunburned …   English-Hawaiian dictionary

  • burned — injured injured adj. 1. having received an injury; usually used of physical or mental injury to persons. Opposite of {uninjured}. [Narrower terms: {abraded, scraped, skinned ; {battle scarred, scarred}; {bit, bitten, stung ; {black and blue,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • burned — See burned, burnt …   Dictionary of problem words and expressions

  • burned — adj. Burned is used with these nouns: ↑flesh, ↑offering, ↑remains, ↑toast …   Collocations dictionary

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