Burn
Burn Burn (b[^u]rn), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Burned} (b[^u]rnd) or {Burnt} (b[^u]rnt); p. pr. & vb. n. {Burning}.] [OE. bernen, brennen, v. t., early confused with beornen, birnen, v. i., AS. b[ae]rnan, bernan, v. t., birnan, v. i.; akin to OS. brinnan, OFries. barna, berna, OHG. brinnan, brennan, G. brennen, OD. bernen, D. branden, Dan. br[ae]nde, Sw. br["a]nna, brinna, Icel. brenna, Goth. brinnan, brannjan (in comp.), and possibly to E. fervent.] 1. To consume with fire; to reduce to ashes by the action of heat or fire; -- frequently intensified by up: as, to burn up wood. ``We'll burn his body in the holy place.'' --Shak. [1913 Webster]

2. To injure by fire or heat; to change destructively some property or properties of, by undue exposure to fire or heat; to scorch; to scald; to blister; to singe; to char; to sear; as, to burn steel in forging; to burn one's face in the sun; the sun burns the grass. [1913 Webster]

3. To perfect or improve by fire or heat; to submit to the action of fire or heat for some economic purpose; to destroy or change some property or properties of, by exposure to fire or heat in due degree for obtaining a desired residuum, product, or effect; to bake; as, to burn clay in making bricks or pottery; to burn wood so as to produce charcoal; to burn limestone for the lime. [1913 Webster]

4. To make or produce, as an effect or result, by the application of fire or heat; as, to burn a hole; to burn charcoal; to burn letters into a block. [1913 Webster]

5. To consume, injure, or change the condition of, as if by action of fire or heat; to affect as fire or heat does; as, to burn the mouth with pepper. [1913 Webster]

This tyrant fever burns me up. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

This dry sorrow burns up all my tears. --Dryden. [1913 Webster]

When the cold north wind bloweth, . . . it devoureth the mountains, and burneth the wilderness, and consumeth the ??ass as fire. --Ecclus. xliii. 20, 21. [1913 Webster]

6. (Surg.) To apply a cautery to; to cauterize. [1913 Webster]

7. (Chem.) To cause to combine with oxygen or other active agent, with evolution of heat; to consume; to oxidize; as, a man burns a certain amount of carbon at each respiration; to burn iron in oxygen. [1913 Webster]

{To burn}, {To burn together}, as two surfaces of metal (Engin.), to fuse and unite them by pouring over them a quantity of the same metal in a liquid state.

{To burn a bowl} (Game of Bowls), to displace it accidentally, the bowl so displaced being said to be burned.

{To burn daylight}, to light candles before it is dark; to waste time; to perform superfluous actions. --Shak.

{To burn one's fingers}, to get one's self into unexpected trouble, as by interfering the concerns of others, speculation, etc.

{To burn out}, (a) to destroy or obliterate by burning. ``Must you with hot irons burn out mine eyes?'' --Shak. (b) to force (people) to flee by burning their homes or places of business; as, the rioters burned out the Chinese businessmen.

{To be burned out}, to suffer loss by fire, as the burning of one's house, store, or shop, with the contents.

{To burn up}, {To burn down}, to burn entirely. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Synonyms:

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  • burn — burn1 [bʉrn] vt. burned or burnt, burning [ME brennen, bernen, burnen < ON & OE: ON brenna, to burn, light; OE bærnan, to kindle (akin to Goth brannjan, to cause to burn) & beornan, to be on fire, metathetic < Gmc * brinnan < IE * bhre n …   English World dictionary

  • burn — Ⅰ. burn [1] ► VERB (past and past part. burned or chiefly Brit. burnt) 1) (of a fire) flame or glow while consuming a fuel. 2) be or cause to be harmed or destroyed by fire. 3) use (a fuel) as a source of heat or energy. 4) (of the skin) beco …   English terms dictionary

  • Burn — bezeichnet: eine Schweizer Rockband, siehe Gölä einen US amerikanischen Musiker, siehe Animal ein Album von Deep Purple, siehe Burn (Album) ein Lied auf dem Album, siehe Burn (Lied) eine amerikanische Hardcore Band, siehe Burn (Band) einen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • burn — [bɜːn ǁ bɜːrn] verb burned PTandPP or burnt [bɜːnt ǁ bɜːrnt] [transitive] 1. COMPUTING to copy information held on a computer s …   Financial and business terms

  • Burn — Burn, v. i. 1. To be of fire; to flame. The mount burned with fire. Deut. ix. 15. [1913 Webster] 2. To suffer from, or be scorched by, an excess of heat. [1913 Webster] Your meat doth burn, quoth I. Shak. [1913 Webster] 3. To have a condition,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Burn — (в переводе с английского существительное или глагол: горение, жечь). Burn энергетический напиток. Burn музыкальной альбом британской рок группы Deep Purple (1974). Burn альбом американской индастриал группы Nine Inch Nails Burn программа для… …   Википедия

  • burn — vb Burn, scorch, char, sear, singe mean to injure by exposure to fire or intense heat. Burn is the most comprehensive of these terms, for it is applicable regardless of the extent of injury or of whether fire or heat is the destructive agency… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Burn — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para el álbum de Deep Purple, véase Burn (álbum). Burn es una bebida energética de la marca Coca Cola, del estilo de Red Bull o Dark Dog, con el mismo contenido de cafeína (32mg/100mL), según lo indica el envase. Hay …   Wikipedia Español

  • burn — [v1] be on fire; set on fire bake, be ablaze, blaze, brand, broil, calcine, cauterize, char, combust, conflagrate, cook, cremate, enkindle, flame, flare, flash, flicker, glow, heat, ignite, incinerate, kindle, light, melt, parch, reduce to ashes …   New thesaurus

  • Burn — Burn, n. 1. A hurt, injury, or effect caused by fire or excessive or intense heat. [1913 Webster] 2. The operation or result of burning or baking, as in brickmaking; as, they have a good burn. [1913 Webster] 3. A disease in vegetables. See… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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