Burden of proof
Burden Bur"den (b[^u]"d'n), n. [Written also burthen.] [OE. burden, burthen, birthen, birden, AS. byr[eth]en; akin to Icel. byr[eth]i, Dan. byrde, Sw. b["o]rda, G. b["u]rde, OHG. burdi, Goth. ba['u]r[thorn]ei, fr. the root of E. bear, AS. beran, Goth. bairan. [root]92. See 1st {Bear}.] 1. That which is borne or carried; a load. [1913 Webster]

Plants with goodly burden bowing. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

2. That which is borne with labor or difficulty; that which is grievous, wearisome, or oppressive. [1913 Webster]

Deaf, giddy, helpless, left alone, To all my friends a burden grown. --Swift. [1913 Webster]

3. The capacity of a vessel, or the weight of cargo that she will carry; as, a ship of a hundred tons burden. [1913 Webster]

4. (Mining) The tops or heads of stream-work which lie over the stream of tin. [1913 Webster]

5. (Metal.) The proportion of ore and flux to fuel, in the charge of a blast furnace. --Raymond. [1913 Webster]

6. A fixed quantity of certain commodities; as, a burden of gad steel, 120 pounds. [1913 Webster]

7. A birth. [Obs. & R.] --Shak. [1913 Webster]

{Beast of burden}, an animal employed in carrying burdens.

{Burden of proof} [L. onus probandi] (Law), the duty of proving a particular position in a court of law, a failure in the performance of which duty calls for judgment against the party on whom the duty is imposed. [1913 Webster]

Syn: {Burden}, {Load}.

Usage: A burden is, in the literal sense, a weight to be borne; a load is something laid upon us to be carried. Hence, when used figuratively, there is usually a difference between the two words. Our burdens may be of such a nature that we feel bound to bear them cheerfully or without complaint. They may arise from the nature of our situation; they may be allotments of Providence; they may be the consequences of our errors. What is upon us, as a load, we commonly carry with greater reluctance or sense of oppression. Men often find the charge of their own families to be a burden; but if to this be added a load of care for others, the pressure is usually serve and irksome. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • burden of proof — bur·den of proof: the responsibility of producing sufficient evidence in support of a fact or issue and favorably persuading the trier of fact (as a judge or jury) regarding that fact or issue the burden of proof is sometimes upon the defendant… …   Law dictionary

  • Burden of proof — may refer to: Legal burden of proof Philosophic burden of proof Scientific burden of evidence Other The Burden of Proof, a 1990 novel by Scott Turow The Burden of Proof (film), a 1992 film based on the above novel Burden of Proof (CSI episode) …   Wikipedia

  • burden of proof — ˌburden of ˈproof noun [singular] LAW the task of proving that a statement made in a court of law is true, especially one accusing somebody of doing something illegal or wrong: • It will not be up to the defendant to prove his innocence; the… …   Financial and business terms

  • burden of proof — ► burden of proof the obligation to prove an assertion. Main Entry: ↑burden …   English terms dictionary

  • burden of proof — n. the obligation to prove what is asserted and in dispute …   English World dictionary

  • burden of proof — noun the duty of proving a disputed charge • Hypernyms: ↑duty, ↑responsibility, ↑obligation * * * Etymology: translation of Latin onus probandi : the duty of proving a disputed presumption, assertion, or charge …   Useful english dictionary

  • burden of proof — If in some situation there is a proper presumption that something is true, anyone seeking to prove its opposite is said to bear the burden of proof. A certain amount of philosophical jockeying consists in trying to shift the burden of proof …   Philosophy dictionary

  • burden of proof —    The burden of proof is the necessity imposed by the law to prove that what one says is true.     The burden of proof lies with the claimant …   English Idioms & idiomatic expressions

  • burden of proof — noun Law 1. the legal obligation on a party who asserts a matter to adduce sufficient supporting evidence to satisfy the required standard of proof. In criminal trials, this burden rests on the prosecution (the legal burden or persuasive burden) …   Australian English dictionary

  • burden of proof — noun The duty of a party in a legal proceeding to prove an assertion of fact; it includes both the burden of production and the burden of persuasion; the onus probandi …   Wiktionary

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