British gum
Gum Gum, n. [OE. gomme, gumme, F. gomme, L. gummi and commis, fr. Gr. ?, prob. from an Egyptian form kam?; cf. It. {gomma}.] 1. A vegetable secretion of many trees or plants that hardens when it exudes, but is soluble in water; as, gum arabic; gum tragacanth; the gum of the cherry tree. Also, with less propriety, exudations that are not soluble in water; as, gum copal and gum sandarac, which are really resins. [1913 Webster]

2. (Bot.) See {Gum tree}, {below}. [1913 Webster]

3. A hive made of a section of a hollow gum tree; hence, any roughly made hive; also, a vessel or bin made of a hollow log. [Southern U. S.] [1913 Webster]

4. A rubber overshoe. [Local, U. S.] [1913 Webster]

{Black gum}, {Blue gum}, {British gum}, etc. See under {Black}, {Blue}, etc.

{Gum Acaroidea}, the resinous gum of the Australian grass tree ({Xanlhorrh[oe]a}).

{Gum animal} (Zo["o]l.), the galago of West Africa; -- so called because it feeds on gums. See {Galago}.

{Gum animi or anim['e]}. See {Anim['e]}.

{Gum arabic}, a gum yielded mostly by several species of {Acacia} (chiefly {A. vera} and {A. Arabica}) growing in Africa and Southern Asia; -- called also {gum acacia}. East Indian gum arabic comes from a tree of the Orange family which bears the elephant apple.

{Gum butea}, a gum yielded by the Indian plants {Butea frondosa} and {B. superba}, and used locally in tanning and in precipitating indigo.

{Gum cistus}, a plant of the genus {Cistus} ({Cistus ladaniferus}), a species of rock rose.

{Gum dragon}. See {Tragacanth}.

{Gum elastic}, {Elastic gum}. See {Caoutchouc}.

{Gum elemi}. See {Elemi}.

{Gum juniper}. See {Sandarac}.

{Gum kino}. See under {Kino}.

{Gum lac}. See {Lac}.

{Gum Ladanum}, a fragrant gum yielded by several Oriental species of Cistus or rock rose.

{Gum passages}, sap receptacles extending through the parenchyma of certain plants ({Amygdalace[ae]}, {Cactace[ae]}, etc.), and affording passage for gum.

{Gum pot}, a varnish maker's utensil for melting gum and mixing other ingredients.

{Gum resin}, the milky juice of a plant solidified by exposure to air; one of certain inspissated saps, mixtures of, or having properties of, gum and resin; a resin containing more or less mucilaginous and gummy matter.

{Gum sandarac}. See {Sandarac}.

{Gum Senegal}, a gum similar to gum arabic, yielded by trees ({Acacia Verek} and {A. Adansoni["a]}) growing in the Senegal country, West Africa.

{Gum tragacanth}. See {Tragacanth}.

{Gum water}, a solution of gum, esp. of gum arabic, in water.

{Gum wood}, the wood of any gum tree, esp. the wood of the {Eucalyptus piperita}, of New South Wales. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • British gum — British Brit ish (br[i^]t [i^]sh), a. [AS. Brittisc, Bryttisc.] Of or pertaining to Great Britain or to its inhabitants; sometimes restricted to the original inhabitants. [1913 Webster] {British gum}, a brownish substance, very soluble in cold… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • British Gum —   [ brɪtɪʃ gʌm] der, , Dextrine …   Universal-Lexikon

  • British gum — Dextrin Dex trin, n. [Cf. F. dextrine, G. dextrin. See {Dexter}.] (Chem.) A translucent, gummy, amorphous substance, nearly tasteless and odorless, used as a substitute for gum, for sizing, etc., and obtained from starch by the action of heat,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • british gum — noun Usage: usually capitalized B : dextrin; especially : dextrin produced by heating starch sometimes with small amounts of acid or alkali and used as size for paper and textiles and as an adhesive * * * Chem. dextrin. [1855 60] * * * British… …   Useful english dictionary

  • British gum — noun see dextrin * * * Chem. dextrin. [1855 60] * * * British gum noun Dextrin • • • Main Entry: ↑British …   Useful english dictionary

  • British gum — Chem. dextrin. [1855 60] * * * …   Universalium

  • British gum — dextrin, particularly that prepared by dry heating of starch in the absence of acid …   Medical dictionary

  • Gum — Gum, n. [OE. gomme, gumme, F. gomme, L. gummi and commis, fr. Gr. ?, prob. from an Egyptian form kam?; cf. It. {gomma}.] 1. A vegetable secretion of many trees or plants that hardens when it exudes, but is soluble in water; as, gum arabic; gum… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • gum acacia — Gum Gum, n. [OE. gomme, gumme, F. gomme, L. gummi and commis, fr. Gr. ?, prob. from an Egyptian form kam?; cf. It. {gomma}.] 1. A vegetable secretion of many trees or plants that hardens when it exudes, but is soluble in water; as, gum arabic;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Gum Acaroidea — Gum Gum, n. [OE. gomme, gumme, F. gomme, L. gummi and commis, fr. Gr. ?, prob. from an Egyptian form kam?; cf. It. {gomma}.] 1. A vegetable secretion of many trees or plants that hardens when it exudes, but is soluble in water; as, gum arabic;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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