Brassica Nigra

Brassica Nigra
Mustard Mus"tard, n. [OF. moustarde, F. moutarde, fr. L. mustum must, -- mustard was prepared for use by being mixed with must. See {Must}, n.] 1. (Bot.) The name of several cruciferous plants of the genus {Brassica} (formerly {Sinapis}), as {white mustard} ({Brassica alba}), {black mustard} ({Brassica Nigra}), {wild mustard} or {charlock} ({Brassica Sinapistrum}). [1913 Webster]

Note: There are also many herbs of the same family which are called mustard, and have more or less of the flavor of the true mustard; as, bowyer's mustard ({Lepidium ruderale}); hedge mustard ({Sisymbrium officinale}); Mithridate mustard ({Thlaspi arvense}); tower mustard ({Arabis perfoliata}); treacle mustard ({Erysimum cheiranthoides}). [1913 Webster]

2. A powder or a paste made from the seeds of black or white mustard, used as a condiment and a rubefacient. Taken internally it is stimulant and diuretic, and in large doses is emetic. [1913 Webster]

{Mustard oil} (Chem.), a substance obtained from mustard, as a transparent, volatile and intensely pungent oil. The name is also extended to a number of analogous compounds produced either naturally or artificially. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Brassica nigra — Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae (unranked): Angiosper …   Wikipedia

  • Brassica nigra —   Mostaza negra …   Wikipedia Español

  • Brassica nigra — Moutarde noire Pour les articles homonymes, voir Moutarde …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Brassica nigra — Schwarzer Senf Schwarzer Senf Systematik Klasse: Dreifurchenpollen Zweikeimblättrige (Rosopsida) Unterklasse …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Brassica nigra — juodasis bastutis statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Bastutinių šeimos prieskoninis, vaistinis nuodingas augalas (Brassica nigra), paplitęs šiaurės Afrikoje, pietų ir pietryčių Europoje, Azijoje. atitikmenys: lot. Brassica nigra; Brassica… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • Brassica nigra — Sinigrin Sin i*grin, n. [From NL. Sinapis nigra.] (Chem.) A glucoside found in the seeds of black mustard ({Brassica nigra}, formerly {Sinapis nigra}) It resembles sinalbin, and consists of a potassium salt of myronic acid. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Brassica nigra — ID 11067 Symbol Key BRNI Common Name black mustard Family Brassicaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Introduced to U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution AL, AZ, CA, CO, CT, DC, DE, FL, HI, IA, ID, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD …   USDA Plant Characteristics

  • Brassica nigra — noun widespread Eurasian annual plant cultivated for its pungent seeds; a principal source of table mustard • Syn: ↑black mustard • Hypernyms: ↑mustard • Member Holonyms: ↑Brassica, ↑genus Brassica • …   Useful english dictionary

  • Brassica nigra — Basónimo Sinapis nigra L. Sinonimia Sinapis nigra L., Sisymbrium nigrum (L.) Prantl. Nombres vernáculos ● Español: Jenabe, Jenape, Ajenabe, Ajenabo, Jenable; ● Catalán: Mostassa, Mostassa Negra; ● Euskera: Ziape beltz …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Brassica nigra — …   Википедия

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