Yellow jacket

Yellow jacket
Yellow Yel"low (y[e^]l"l[-o]), a. [Compar. {Yellower} (y[e^]l"l[-o]*[~e]r); superl. {Yellowest}.] [OE. yelow, yelwe, [yogh]elow, [yogh]eoluw, from AS. geolu; akin to D. geel, OS. & OHG. gelo, G. gelb, Icel. gulr, Sw. gul, Dan. guul, L. helvus light bay, Gr. chlo`n young verdure, chlwro`s greenish yellow, Skr. hari tawny, yellowish. [root]49. Cf. {Chlorine}, {Gall} a bitter liquid, {Gold}, {Yolk}.] 1. Being of a bright saffronlike color; of the color of gold or brass; having the hue of that part of the rainbow, or of the solar spectrum, which is between the orange and the green. [1913 Webster]

Her yellow hair was browded [braided] in a tress. --Chaucer. [1913 Webster]

A sweaty reaper from his tillage brought First fruits, the green ear and the yellow sheaf. --Milton. [1913 Webster]

The line of yellow light dies fast away. --Keble. [1913 Webster]

2. Cowardly; hence, dishonorable; mean; contemptible; as, he has a yellow streak. [Slang] [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

3. Sensational; -- said of some newspapers, their makers, etc.; as, yellow journal, journalism, etc. [Colloq.] [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

{Yellow atrophy} (Med.), a fatal affection of the liver, in which it undergoes fatty degeneration, and becomes rapidly smaller and of a deep yellow tinge. The marked symptoms are black vomit, delirium, convulsions, coma, and jaundice.

{Yellow bark}, calisaya bark.

{Yellow bass} (Zo["o]l.), a North American fresh-water bass ({Morone interrupta}) native of the lower parts of the Mississippi and its tributaries. It is yellow, with several more or less broken black stripes or bars. Called also {barfish}.

{Yellow berry}. (Bot.) Same as {Persian berry}, under {Persian}.

{Yellow boy}, a gold coin, as a guinea. [Slang] --Arbuthnot.

{Yellow brier}. (Bot.) See under {Brier}.

{Yellow bugle} (Bot.), a European labiate plant ({Ajuga Cham[ae]pitys}).

{Yellow bunting} (Zo["o]l.), the European yellow-hammer.

{Yellow cat} (Zo["o]l.), a yellow catfish; especially, the bashaw.

{Yellow copperas} (Min.), a hydrous sulphate of iron; -- called also {copiapite}.

{Yellow copper ore}, a sulphide of copper and iron; copper pyrites. See {Chalcopyrite}.

{Yellow cress} (Bot.), a yellow-flowered, cruciferous plant ({Barbarea pr[ae]cox}), sometimes grown as a salad plant.

{Yellow dock}. (Bot.) See the Note under {Dock}.

{Yellow earth}, a yellowish clay, colored by iron, sometimes used as a yellow pigment.

{Yellow fever} (Med.), a malignant, contagious, febrile disease of warm climates, attended with jaundice, producing a yellow color of the skin, and with the black vomit. See {Black vomit}, in the Vocabulary.

{Yellow flag}, the quarantine flag. See under {Quarantine}, and 3d {Flag}.

{Yellow jack}. (a) The yellow fever. See under 2d {Jack}. (b) The quarantine flag. See under {Quarantine}.

{Yellow jacket} (Zo["o]l.), any one of several species of American social wasps of the genus {Vespa}, in which the color of the body is partly bright yellow. These wasps are noted for their irritability, and for their painful stings.

{Yellow lead ore} (Min.), wulfenite.

{Yellow lemur} (Zo["o]l.), the kinkajou.

{Yellow macauco} (Zo["o]l.), the kinkajou.

{Yellow mackerel} (Zo["o]l.), the jurel.

{Yellow metal}. Same as {Muntz metal}, under {Metal}.

{Yellow ocher} (Min.), an impure, earthy variety of brown iron ore, which is used as a pigment.

{Yellow oxeye} (Bot.), a yellow-flowered plant ({Chrysanthemum segetum}) closely related to the oxeye daisy.

{Yellow perch} (Zo["o]l.), the common American perch. See {Perch}.

{Yellow pike} (Zo["o]l.), the wall-eye.

{Yellow pine} (Bot.), any of several kinds of pine; also, their yellowish and generally durable timber. Among the most common are valuable species are {Pinus mitis} and {Pinus palustris} of the Eastern and Southern States, and {Pinus ponderosa} and {Pinus Arizonica} of the Rocky Mountains and Pacific States.

{Yellow plover} (Zo["o]l.), the golden plover.

{Yellow precipitate} (Med. Chem.), an oxide of mercury which is thrown down as an amorphous yellow powder on adding corrosive sublimate to limewater.

{Yellow puccoon}. (Bot.) Same as {Orangeroot}.

{Yellow rail} (Zo["o]l.), a small American rail ({Porzana Noveboracensis}) in which the lower parts are dull yellow, darkest on the breast. The back is streaked with brownish yellow and with black, and spotted with white. Called also {yellow crake}.

{Yellow rattle}, {Yellow rocket}. (Bot.) See under {Rattle}, and {Rocket}.

{Yellow Sally} (Zo["o]l.), a greenish or yellowish European stone fly of the genus {Chloroperla}; -- so called by anglers.

{Yellow sculpin} (Zo["o]l.), the dragonet.

{Yellow snake} (Zo["o]l.), a West Indian boa ({Chilobothrus inornatus}) common in Jamaica. It becomes from eight to ten long. The body is yellowish or yellowish green, mixed with black, and anteriorly with black lines.

{Yellow spot}. (a) (Anat.) A small yellowish spot with a central pit, the fovea centralis, in the center of the retina where vision is most accurate. See {Eye}. (b) (Zo["o]l.) A small American butterfly ({Polites Peckius}) of the Skipper family. Its wings are brownish, with a large, irregular, bright yellow spot on each of the hind wings, most conspicuous beneath. Called also {Peck's skipper}. See Illust. under {Skipper}, n., 5.

{Yellow tit} (Zo["o]l.), any one of several species of crested titmice of the genus {Machlolophus}, native of India. The predominating colors of the plumage are yellow and green.

{Yellow viper} (Zo["o]l.), the fer-de-lance.

{Yellow warbler} (Zo["o]l.), any one of several species of American warblers of the genus {Dendroica} in which the predominant color is yellow, especially {Dendroica [ae]stiva}, which is a very abundant and familiar species; -- called also {garden warbler}, {golden warbler}, {summer yellowbird}, {summer warbler}, and {yellow-poll warbler}.

{Yellow wash} (Pharm.), yellow oxide of mercury suspended in water, -- a mixture prepared by adding corrosive sublimate to limewater.

{Yellow wren} (Zo["o]l.) (a) The European willow warbler. (b) The European wood warbler. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • yellow jacket — n 1) any of various yellow marked social wasps (esp. genus Vespula of the family Vespidae) that usu. nest in the ground, aggressively defend their nests, and can sting repeatedly and painfully 2) slang pentobarbital esp. in a yellow capsule usu.… …   Medical dictionary

  • yellow jacket — ☆ yellow jacket n. any of several small social wasps or hornets (family Vespidae) having bright yellow markings …   English World dictionary

  • yellow jacket — yellow ,jacket noun count a type of WASP …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • yellow jacket — 1. any of several paper wasps of the family Vespidae, having black and bright yellow bands. 2. Slang. a yellow capsule of phenobarbital. [1790 1800, Amer.] * * * Any of 35–40 species (genus Dolichovespula or Vespula) of social wasps, principally… …   Universalium

  • yellow jacket — /ˈjɛloʊ dʒækət/ (say yeloh jakuht) noun 1. Australian History a convict. See yellow (def. 2). 2. any of several social wasps of the family Vespidae, having the body marked with bright yellow. 3. Also, yellow jack. any of various species of… …   Australian English dictionary

  • yellow jacket — noun 1. a barbiturate (trade name Nembutal) used as a sedative and hypnotic and antispasmodic • Syn: ↑pentobarbital sodium, ↑pentobarbital, ↑Nembutal • Usage Domain: ↑trade name (for: ↑Nembutal) …   Useful english dictionary

  • yellow jacket — noun Date: 1796 1. any of various small yellow marked vespid wasps (especially genus Vespula) that commonly nest in the ground and can sting repeatedly and painfully 2. slang pentobarbital especially in a yellow capsule …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • yellow jacket — n. paper wasp that has black and shiny yellow strips; (Slang) yellow capsule of phenobarbital …   English contemporary dictionary

  • yellow jacket — yel′low jack et n. 1) ent any of several paper wasps of the family Vespidae, having black and bright yellow bands 2) pha sts Slang. a yellow capsule of phenobarbital • Etymology: 1790–1800, amer …   From formal English to slang

  • yellow jacket — Synonyms and related words: Amytal, Amytal pill, Demerol, Dolophine, H, Luminal, Luminal pill, M, Mickey Finn, Nembutal, Nembutal pill, Seconal, Seconal pill, Tuinal, Tuinal pill, alcohol, amobarbital sodium, analgesic, anodyne, barb, barbiturate …   Moby Thesaurus

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