Yellow fever

Yellow fever
Yellow Yel"low (y[e^]l"l[-o]), a. [Compar. {Yellower} (y[e^]l"l[-o]*[~e]r); superl. {Yellowest}.] [OE. yelow, yelwe, [yogh]elow, [yogh]eoluw, from AS. geolu; akin to D. geel, OS. & OHG. gelo, G. gelb, Icel. gulr, Sw. gul, Dan. guul, L. helvus light bay, Gr. chlo`n young verdure, chlwro`s greenish yellow, Skr. hari tawny, yellowish. [root]49. Cf. {Chlorine}, {Gall} a bitter liquid, {Gold}, {Yolk}.] 1. Being of a bright saffronlike color; of the color of gold or brass; having the hue of that part of the rainbow, or of the solar spectrum, which is between the orange and the green. [1913 Webster]

Her yellow hair was browded [braided] in a tress. --Chaucer. [1913 Webster]

A sweaty reaper from his tillage brought First fruits, the green ear and the yellow sheaf. --Milton. [1913 Webster]

The line of yellow light dies fast away. --Keble. [1913 Webster]

2. Cowardly; hence, dishonorable; mean; contemptible; as, he has a yellow streak. [Slang] [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

3. Sensational; -- said of some newspapers, their makers, etc.; as, yellow journal, journalism, etc. [Colloq.] [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

{Yellow atrophy} (Med.), a fatal affection of the liver, in which it undergoes fatty degeneration, and becomes rapidly smaller and of a deep yellow tinge. The marked symptoms are black vomit, delirium, convulsions, coma, and jaundice.

{Yellow bark}, calisaya bark.

{Yellow bass} (Zo["o]l.), a North American fresh-water bass ({Morone interrupta}) native of the lower parts of the Mississippi and its tributaries. It is yellow, with several more or less broken black stripes or bars. Called also {barfish}.

{Yellow berry}. (Bot.) Same as {Persian berry}, under {Persian}.

{Yellow boy}, a gold coin, as a guinea. [Slang] --Arbuthnot.

{Yellow brier}. (Bot.) See under {Brier}.

{Yellow bugle} (Bot.), a European labiate plant ({Ajuga Cham[ae]pitys}).

{Yellow bunting} (Zo["o]l.), the European yellow-hammer.

{Yellow cat} (Zo["o]l.), a yellow catfish; especially, the bashaw.

{Yellow copperas} (Min.), a hydrous sulphate of iron; -- called also {copiapite}.

{Yellow copper ore}, a sulphide of copper and iron; copper pyrites. See {Chalcopyrite}.

{Yellow cress} (Bot.), a yellow-flowered, cruciferous plant ({Barbarea pr[ae]cox}), sometimes grown as a salad plant.

{Yellow dock}. (Bot.) See the Note under {Dock}.

{Yellow earth}, a yellowish clay, colored by iron, sometimes used as a yellow pigment.

{Yellow fever} (Med.), a malignant, contagious, febrile disease of warm climates, attended with jaundice, producing a yellow color of the skin, and with the black vomit. See {Black vomit}, in the Vocabulary.

{Yellow flag}, the quarantine flag. See under {Quarantine}, and 3d {Flag}.

{Yellow jack}. (a) The yellow fever. See under 2d {Jack}. (b) The quarantine flag. See under {Quarantine}.

{Yellow jacket} (Zo["o]l.), any one of several species of American social wasps of the genus {Vespa}, in which the color of the body is partly bright yellow. These wasps are noted for their irritability, and for their painful stings.

{Yellow lead ore} (Min.), wulfenite.

{Yellow lemur} (Zo["o]l.), the kinkajou.

{Yellow macauco} (Zo["o]l.), the kinkajou.

{Yellow mackerel} (Zo["o]l.), the jurel.

{Yellow metal}. Same as {Muntz metal}, under {Metal}.

{Yellow ocher} (Min.), an impure, earthy variety of brown iron ore, which is used as a pigment.

{Yellow oxeye} (Bot.), a yellow-flowered plant ({Chrysanthemum segetum}) closely related to the oxeye daisy.

{Yellow perch} (Zo["o]l.), the common American perch. See {Perch}.

{Yellow pike} (Zo["o]l.), the wall-eye.

{Yellow pine} (Bot.), any of several kinds of pine; also, their yellowish and generally durable timber. Among the most common are valuable species are {Pinus mitis} and {Pinus palustris} of the Eastern and Southern States, and {Pinus ponderosa} and {Pinus Arizonica} of the Rocky Mountains and Pacific States.

{Yellow plover} (Zo["o]l.), the golden plover.

{Yellow precipitate} (Med. Chem.), an oxide of mercury which is thrown down as an amorphous yellow powder on adding corrosive sublimate to limewater.

{Yellow puccoon}. (Bot.) Same as {Orangeroot}.

{Yellow rail} (Zo["o]l.), a small American rail ({Porzana Noveboracensis}) in which the lower parts are dull yellow, darkest on the breast. The back is streaked with brownish yellow and with black, and spotted with white. Called also {yellow crake}.

{Yellow rattle}, {Yellow rocket}. (Bot.) See under {Rattle}, and {Rocket}.

{Yellow Sally} (Zo["o]l.), a greenish or yellowish European stone fly of the genus {Chloroperla}; -- so called by anglers.

{Yellow sculpin} (Zo["o]l.), the dragonet.

{Yellow snake} (Zo["o]l.), a West Indian boa ({Chilobothrus inornatus}) common in Jamaica. It becomes from eight to ten long. The body is yellowish or yellowish green, mixed with black, and anteriorly with black lines.

{Yellow spot}. (a) (Anat.) A small yellowish spot with a central pit, the fovea centralis, in the center of the retina where vision is most accurate. See {Eye}. (b) (Zo["o]l.) A small American butterfly ({Polites Peckius}) of the Skipper family. Its wings are brownish, with a large, irregular, bright yellow spot on each of the hind wings, most conspicuous beneath. Called also {Peck's skipper}. See Illust. under {Skipper}, n., 5.

{Yellow tit} (Zo["o]l.), any one of several species of crested titmice of the genus {Machlolophus}, native of India. The predominating colors of the plumage are yellow and green.

{Yellow viper} (Zo["o]l.), the fer-de-lance.

{Yellow warbler} (Zo["o]l.), any one of several species of American warblers of the genus {Dendroica} in which the predominant color is yellow, especially {Dendroica [ae]stiva}, which is a very abundant and familiar species; -- called also {garden warbler}, {golden warbler}, {summer yellowbird}, {summer warbler}, and {yellow-poll warbler}.

{Yellow wash} (Pharm.), yellow oxide of mercury suspended in water, -- a mixture prepared by adding corrosive sublimate to limewater.

{Yellow wren} (Zo["o]l.) (a) The European willow warbler. (b) The European wood warbler. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • yellow fever — Pathol. an acute, often fatal, infectious febrile disease of warm climates, caused by an RNA virus transmitted by a mosquito, esp. Aedes aegypti, and characterized by liver damage and jaundice. Also called yellow jack. [1730 40] * * * Acute… …   Universalium

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  • yellow fever — noun Date: 1739 an acute infectious disease of warm regions (as sub Saharan Africa and tropical South America) marked by sudden onset, prostration, fever, and headache and sometimes albuminuria, jaundice, and hemorrhage and caused by a flavivirus …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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