Xylopia aromatica
Guinea Guin"ea (g[i^]n"[-e]), n. 1. A district on the west coast of Africa (formerly noted for its export of gold and slaves) after which the Guinea fowl, Guinea grass, Guinea peach, etc., are named. [1913 Webster]

2. A gold coin of England current for twenty-one shillings sterling, or about five dollars, but not coined since the issue of sovereigns in 1817. [1913 Webster]

The guinea, so called from the Guinea gold out of which it was first struck, was proclaimed in 1663, and to go for twenty shillings; but it never went for less than twenty-one shillings. --Pinkerton. [1913 Webster]

{Guinea corn}. (Bot.) See {Durra}.

{Guinea Current} (Geog.), a current in the Atlantic Ocean setting southwardly into the Bay of Benin on the coast of Guinea.

{Guinea dropper} one who cheats by dropping counterfeit guineas. [Obs.] --Gay.

{Guinea fowl}, {Guinea hen} (Zo["o]l.), an African gallinaceous bird, of the genus {Numida}, allied to the pheasants. The common domesticated species ({Numida meleagris}), has a colored fleshy horn on each aide of the head, and is of a dark gray color, variegated with small white spots. The crested Guinea fowl ({Numida cristata}) is a finer species.

{Guinea grains} (Bot.), grains of Paradise, or amomum. See {Amomum}.

{Guinea grass} (Bot.), a tall strong forage grass ({Panicum jumentorum}) introduced. from Africa into the West Indies and Southern United States.

{Guinea-hen flower} (Bot.), a liliaceous flower ({Fritillaria Meleagris}) with petals spotted like the feathers of the Guinea hen.

{Guinea peach}. See under {Peach}.

{Guinea pepper} (Bot.), the pods of the {Xylopia aromatica}, a tree of the order {Anonace[ae]}, found in tropical West Africa. They are also sold under the name of {Piper [AE]thiopicum}.

{Guinea plum} (Bot.), the fruit of {Parinarium excelsum}, a large West African tree of the order {Chrysobalane[ae]}, having a scarcely edible fruit somewhat resembling a plum, which is also called {gray plum} and {rough-skin plum}.

{Guinea worm} (Zo["o]l.), a long and slender African nematoid worm ({Filaria Medinensis}) of a white color. It lives in the cellular tissue of man, beneath the skin, and produces painful sores. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Xylopia — taxobox image caption = Xylopia aromatica regnum = Plantae unranked divisio = Angiosperms unranked classis = Magnoliids ordo = Magnoliales familia = Annonaceae genus = Xylopia genus authority = L. synonyms = Coelocline A. DC. Habzelia A. DC.… …   Wikipedia

  • Xylopia — Xylopia …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Xylopia — Género de plantas de la familia de las Annoniáceas, orden Magnoliales, subclase Magnólidas, subdivisión Magnoliophytina, división Spermatophyta. ● Xylopia aromatica (Lamarck) Mart. ● Xylopia benthamii R. E. Fr. ● Xylopia bocatorena Schery ●… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Xylopĭa — L. (Habzelia DC.), Gattung der Anonazeen, Sträucher und niedrige Bäume mit langen, einfachen, lederartigen Blättern, einzeln oder gehäuft in den Blattwinkeln stehenden Blüten und zusammengesetzten Früchten. Etwa 60 Arten im vorderindischen und… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Xylopia — Xylopĭa L., Pflanzengattg. der Anonazeen, trop. Bäume oder Sträucher. Von X. aethiopĭca L. und aromatĭca DC. (beide auch als Habzelĭa bezeichnet) stammt der Neger oder Guineapfeffer, rote, bohnengroße Früchte …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Mohrenpfeffer — (Xylopia aethiopica) Systematik Klasse: Bedecktsamer (Magnoliopsida) Magnoliids …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Семейство анноновые (Annonaceae) —         Среди представителей одного из крупнейших тропических семейств анноновых немало удивительных растений, известных людям с древних времен. В их числе «священный ухо цветок ацтеков» (Cymbopetalum penduliflorum); толстые, мясистые лепестки… …   Биологическая энциклопедия

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