Would
Will Will, v. t. & auxiliary. [imp. {Would}. Indic. present, I will (Obs. I wol), thou wilt, he will (Obs. he wol); we, ye, they will.] [OE. willen, imp. wolde; akin to OS. willan, OFries. willa, D. willen, G. wollen, OHG. wollan, wellan, Icel. & Sw. vilja, Dan. ville, Goth. wiljan, OSlav. voliti, L. velle to wish, volo I wish; cf. Skr. v[.r] to choose, to prefer. Cf. {Voluntary}, {Welcome}, {Well}, adv.] [1913 Webster] 1. To wish; to desire; to incline to have. [1913 Webster]

A wife as of herself no thing ne sholde [should] Wille in effect, but as her husband wolde [would]. --Chaucer. [1913 Webster]

Caleb said unto her, What will thou ? --Judg. i. 14. [1913 Webster]

They would none of my counsel. --Prov. i. 30. [1913 Webster]

2. As an auxiliary, will is used to denote futurity dependent on the verb. Thus, in first person, ``I will'' denotes willingness, consent, promise; and when ``will'' is emphasized, it denotes determination or fixed purpose; as, I will go if you wish; I will go at all hazards. In the second and third persons, the idea of distinct volition, wish, or purpose is evanescent, and simple certainty is appropriately expressed; as, ``You will go,'' or ``He will go,'' describes a future event as a fact only. To emphasize will denotes (according to the tone or context) certain futurity or fixed determination. [1913 Webster]

Note: Will, auxiliary, may be used elliptically for will go. ``I'll to her lodgings.'' --Marlowe. [1913 Webster]

Note: As in shall (which see), the second and third persons may be virtually converted into the first, either by question or indirect statement, so as to receive the meaning which belongs to will in that person; thus, ``Will you go?'' (answer, ``I will go'') asks assent, requests, etc.; while ``Will he go?'' simply inquires concerning futurity; thus, also,``He says or thinks he will go,'' ``You say or think you will go,'' both signify willingness or consent. [1913 Webster]

Note: Would, as the preterit of will, is chiefly employed in conditional, subjunctive, or optative senses; as, he would go if he could; he could go if he would; he said that he would go; I would fain go, but can not; I would that I were young again; and other like phrases. In the last use, the first personal pronoun is often omitted; as, would that he were here; would to Heaven that it were so; and, omitting the to in such an adjuration. ``Would God I had died for thee.'' Would is used for both present and future time, in conditional propositions, and would have for past time; as, he would go now if he were ready; if it should rain, he would not go; he would have gone, had he been able. Would not, as also will not, signifies refusal. ``He was angry, and would not go in.'' --Luke xv. 28. Would is never a past participle. [1913 Webster]

Note: In Ireland, Scotland, and the United States, especially in the southern and western portions of the United States, shall and will, should and would, are often misused, as in the following examples: [1913 Webster]

I am able to devote as much time and attention to other subjects as I will [shall] be under the necessity of doing next winter. --Chalmers. [1913 Webster]

A countryman, telling us what he had seen, remarked that if the conflagration went on, as it was doing, we would [should] have, as our next season's employment, the Old Town of Edinburgh to rebuild. --H. Miller. [1913 Webster]

I feel assured that I will [shall] not have the misfortune to find conflicting views held by one so enlightened as your excellency. --J. Y. Mason. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • would — [ wud ] modal verb *** Would is usually followed by an infinitive without to : A picnic would be nice. Sometimes it is used without a following infinitive: They didn t do as much as they said they would. In conversation and informal writing,… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • would — W1S1 [wud] modal v negative short form wouldn t ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ 1¦(past intentions/expectations)¦ 2¦(imagined situations)¦ 3¦(past habits)¦ 4¦(requesting)¦ 5¦(offering/inviting)¦ 6¦(what somebody wants)¦ 7¦(past purpose)¦ 8 would not …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • would — [wood] v.aux. [ME wolde < OE, pt. of willan, to wish, WILL1] 1. pt. of WILL2 [she said she would be finished before six, in those days we would talk for hours on end] 2. used to express a supposition or condition [he would write if he knew you …   English World dictionary

  • Would? — «Would?» Сингл Alice in Chains из альбома Dirt Выпущен 1992 Формат CD, винил, кассета Жанр гранж, хеви метал, альтернативный метал …   Википедия

  • Would — Would, imp. of {Will}. [OE. & AS. wolde. See {Will}, v. t.] Commonly used as an auxiliary verb, either in the past tense or in the conditional or optative present. See 2d & 3d {Will}. [1913 Webster] Note: Would was formerly used also as the past… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Would? — «Would?» Sencillo de Alice in Chains del álbum Dirt Grabación Marzo Mayo 1992 Género(s) Grunge, heavy metal, metal alternativo Duración 3:27 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Would — may refer to: * English modal auxiliary verb#Would *Would?, a 1992 song by the grunge group Alice in Chains …   Wikipedia

  • would — ► MODAL VERB (3rd sing. present would) 1) past of WILL(Cf. ↑will), in various senses. 2) (expressing the conditional mood) indicating the consequence of an imagined event. 3) expressing a desire or inclination. 4) expressing a polite request. 5) …   English terms dictionary

  • Would — Would, n. See 2d {Weld}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Would? — Single par Alice in Chains extrait de l’album Dirt Sortie 1992 Enregistrement 1992 Durée 3:27 Genre Grunge …   Wikipédia en Français

  • would — O.E. wolde, past tense of willan to will (see WILL (Cf. will) (v.)). Would be (adj.) wishing, pretending is first recorded c.1300 …   Etymology dictionary

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