wood spirit

wood spirit
Alcohol Al"co*hol ([a^]l"k[-o]*h[o^]l), n. [Cf. F. alcool, formerly written alcohol, Sp. alcohol alcohol, antimony, galena, OSp. alcofol; all fr. Ar. al-kohl a powder of antimony or galena, to paint the eyebrows with. The name was afterwards applied, on account of the fineness of this powder, to highly rectified spirits, a signification unknown in Arabia. The Sp. word has both meanings. Cf. {Alquifou}.] 1. An impalpable powder. [Obs.] [1913 Webster]

2. The fluid essence or pure spirit obtained by distillation. [Obs.] --Boyle. [1913 Webster]

3. Pure spirit of wine; pure or highly rectified spirit (called also {ethyl alcohol} or {ethanol}, {CH3.CH2.OH}); the spirituous or intoxicating element of fermented or distilled liquors, or more loosely a liquid containing it in considerable quantity. It is extracted by simple distillation from various vegetable juices and infusions of a saccharine nature, which have undergone vinous fermentation.

Note: [The ferementation is usually carried out by addition of brewer's yeast, {Saccharomyces cerevisiae} to an aqueous solution containing carbohydrates.] [1913 Webster +PJC]

Note: As used in the U. S. ``Pharmacop[oe]ia,'' alcohol contains 91 per cent by weight of ethyl alcohol and 9 per cent of water; and diluted alcohol (proof spirit) contains 45.5 per cent by weight of ethyl alcohol and 54.5 per cent of water. [1913 Webster]

4. (Organic Chem.) A class of compounds analogous to vinic alcohol in constitution. Chemically speaking, they are hydroxides of certain organic radicals; as, the radical ethyl forms common or {ethyl alcohol} ({C2H5.OH}); methyl forms {methyl alcohol} ({CH3.OH}) or {wood spirit}; amyl forms {amyl alcohol} ({C5H11.OH}) or {fusel oil}, etc. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Wood spirit — Wood Wood, n. [OE. wode, wude, AS. wudu, wiodu; akin to OHG. witu, Icel. vi?r, Dan. & Sw. ved wood, and probably to Ir. & Gael. fiodh, W. gwydd trees, shrubs.] [1913 Webster] 1. A large and thick collection of trees; a forest or grove; frequently …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • wood spirit — n. METHANOL …   English World dictionary

  • wood spirit — metanolis statusas T sritis chemija formulė CH₃OH atitikmenys: angl. carbinol; colonial spirit; methanol; methyl alcohol; wood alcohol; wood spirit rus. древесный спирт; карбинол; метанол; метиловый спирт ryšiai: sinonimas – metilo alkoholis …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • wood spirit — metilo alkoholis statusas T sritis ekologija ir aplinkotyra apibrėžtis Vienas iš monohidroksilių alkoholių (CH₃OH) – bespalvis, degus skystis, reaguojantis su šarminiais metalais. Oksiduojasi, katalizatorių veikiamas atskelia vandenilį. Iš kvapo… …   Ekologijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • wood spirit — Methyl Meth yl, n. [See {Methylene}.] (Chem.) A univalent hydrocarbon radical, {CH3 }, not existing alone but regarded as an essential residue of methane, and appearing as a component part of many derivatives; as, methyl alcohol, methyl ether,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • wood spirit — wood′ spir it n. chem. methyl alcohol • Etymology: 1835–45 …   From formal English to slang

  • wood-spirit — n. Pyroxylic acid, pyroxylic spirit, wood naphtha, methylic alcohol, pyroligneous spirit …   New dictionary of synonyms

  • wood spirit — noun a) A dryad or other spiritual being associated to forests, woods, or trees. b) Methanol, a type of alcohol. Syn: dryad, methanol …   Wiktionary

  • wood spirit — /ˈwʊd spɪrət/ (say wood spiruht) noun 1. Also, wood alcohol. → methyl alcohol. 2. a supernatural being supposedly inhabiting woods …   Australian English dictionary

  • wood spirit — methyl alcohol, methanol, wood alcohol; supernatural being having no body or form believed to live in the forest …   English contemporary dictionary

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