Wire gauge
Wire Wire (w[imac]r), n. [OE. wir, AS. wir; akin to Icel. v[=i]rr, Dan. vire, LG. wir, wire; cf. OHG. wiara fine gold; perhaps akin to E. withy. [root]141.] [1913 Webster] 1. A thread or slender rod of metal; a metallic substance formed to an even thread by being passed between grooved rollers, or drawn through holes in a plate of steel. [1913 Webster]

Note: Wire is made of any desired form, as round, square, triangular, etc., by giving this shape to the hole in the drawplate, or between the rollers. [1913 Webster]

2. A telegraph wire or cable; hence, an electric telegraph; as, to send a message by wire. [Colloq.] [1913 Webster]

3. Chiefly in pl. The system of wires used to operate the puppets in a puppet show; hence (Chiefly Political Slang), the network of hidden influences controlling the action of a person or organization; as, to pull the wires for office; -- in this sense, synonymous with {strings}. [Webster 1913 Suppl. +PJC]

4. One who picks women's pockets. [Thieves' Slang] [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

5. A knitting needle. [Scot.] [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

6. A wire stretching across over a race track at the judges' stand, to mark the line at which the races end. [Racing Cant] [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

{Wire bed}, {Wire mattress}, an elastic bed bottom or mattress made of wires interwoven or looped together in various ways.

{Wire bridge}, a bridge suspended from wires, or cables made of wire.

{Wire cartridge}, a shot cartridge having the shot inclosed in a wire cage.

{Wire cloth}, a coarse cloth made of woven metallic wire, -- used for strainers, and for various other purposes.

{Wire edge}, the thin, wirelike thread of metal sometimes formed on the edge of a tool by the stone in sharpening it.

{Wire fence}, a fence consisting of posts with strained horizontal wires, wire netting, or other wirework, between.

{Wire gauge} or {Wire gage}. (a) A gauge for measuring the diameter of wire, thickness of sheet metal, etc., often consisting of a metal plate with a series of notches of various widths in its edge. (b) A standard series of sizes arbitrarily indicated, as by numbers, to which the diameter of wire or the thickness of sheet metal in usually made, and which is used in describing the size or thickness. There are many different standards for wire gauges, as in different countries, or for different kinds of metal, the Birmingham wire gauges and the American wire gauge being often used and designated by the abbreviations B. W. G. and A. W. G. respectively.

{Wire gauze}, a texture of finely interwoven wire, resembling gauze.

{Wire grass} (Bot.), either of the two common grasses {Eleusine Indica}, valuable for hay and pasture, and {Poa compressa}, or blue grass. See {Blue grass}.

{Wire grub} (Zo["o]l.), a wireworm.

{Wire iron}, wire rods of iron.

{Wire lathing}, wire cloth or wire netting applied in the place of wooden lathing for holding plastering.

{Wire mattress}. See {Wire bed}, above.

{Wire micrometer}, a micrometer having spider lines, or fine wires, across the field of the instrument.

{Wire nail}, a nail formed of a piece of wire which is headed and pointed.

{Wire netting}, a texture of woven wire coarser than ordinary wire gauze.

{Wire rod}, a metal rod from which wire is formed by drawing.

{Wire rope}, a rope formed wholly, or in great part, of wires.

{down to the wire}, up to the last moment, as in a race or competition; as, the two front runners were neck-and-neck down to the wire. From {wire[6]}.

{under the wire}, just in time; shortly before the deadline; as, to file an application just under the wire. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Wire gauge — is a measurement of how large a wire is, either in diameter or cross sectional area. This determines the amount of electric current a wire can safely carry, as well as its electrical resistance and weight per unit of length. Wire gauge is… …   Wikipedia

  • Wire gauge — Gauge Gauge, n. [Written also gage.] 1. A measure; a standard of measure; an instrument to determine dimensions, distance, or capacity; a standard. [1913 Webster] This plate must be a gauge to file your worm and groove to equal breadth by. Moxon …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • wire gauge — wire′ gauge bui a gauge calibrated for determining the diameter of wire • Etymology: 1825–1835 …   From formal English to slang

  • wire gauge — n. an instrument for measuring the diameter of wire, thickness of sheet metal, etc.: it usually consists of a disk with notches of graduated sizes along its edge …   English World dictionary

  • wire gauge — noun gauge for measuring the diameter of wire • Syn: ↑wire gage • Hypernyms: ↑gauge, ↑gage * * * noun 1. : a gauge especially for measuring the diameter of wire or the thickness of sheet metal often consisting of a metal plate with a series of… …   Useful english dictionary

  • wire gauge — vielos kalibras statusas T sritis Standartizacija ir metrologija apibrėžtis Kalibras vielos skersmeniui matuoti. atitikmenys: angl. standard wire gage; standard wire gauge; wire gage; wire gauge vok. Drahtlehre, f rus. калибр для проволоки, m… …   Penkiakalbis aiškinamasis metrologijos terminų žodynas

  • wire gauge — noun Date: 1833 1. a gauge especially for measuring the diameter of wire or the thickness of sheet metal 2. any of various systems consisting of a series of standard sizes used in describing the diameter of wire or the thickness of sheet metal …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • wire gauge — n. gauge used to measure the diameter of wire; standard numbering system of measuring wire …   English contemporary dictionary

  • wire gauge — noun a gauge for measuring the diameter of wire. ↘any of a series of standard sizes of wire …   English new terms dictionary

  • wire gauge — a gauge calibrated for determining the diameter of wire. [1825 35] * * * …   Universalium

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